صفحه قبل

روزنامه صمت شماره ۷۳۵

صفحه بعد

روزنامه صمت شماره 735

روزنامه صمت شماره 735

‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻋﻔﻮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 735‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫‪i - http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫‪h // l‬‬ ‫‪/‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕﻓﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺗﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻚ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫»ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ«‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮگ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﭼﻢ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺍﻓﺮﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻦ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺕ ﺧﻠﻮﺕ ﻣﻴﺸــﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺕ ﺑﺮﺳــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪16‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺸﻨﻮﻳﻢ‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﻃﻨﺰ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪16‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﺻﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻋﻔﻮ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺻﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮءﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮءﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺑﺮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻭ ﻋﻔﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻂ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺤﺎﻕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﺒﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤــﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻤﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﺻﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻠﻂ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﺟﻪ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺰﻭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺨﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻴﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪3‬ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸﺶ ﻭ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺮﻳــﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺪﺍﻗــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻭﺍﻝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻼﻗــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺳــﻘﻒ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1396‬ﺭﺍ ‪ 2‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 543‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 524‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 565‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪969‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻋﻠﻨــﻰ ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻋﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ‪160‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ‪ 19 ،‬ﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟــﻒ ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﺘﻨــﻊ ﺍﺯ ‪ 200‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ‬ ‫‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 524‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 565‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪969‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ )‪(11,524،565,969،000،000‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴــﺚ ﻣﺼــﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑــﺮ ‪ 11‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪524‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 565‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 969‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫)‪(11,524،565,969،000،000‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻒ‪ -‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 988‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 531‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 335‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ )‪ (3,988،531,335,000,000‬ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ‪-1 :‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 467‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 521‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ )‪(3,467,521,000,000‬‬ ‫‪ -2‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪ 521‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪335‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ )‪(521,010,335,000,000‬‬ ‫ﺏ‪ -‬ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻔﺎﻋﻰ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺗﺄﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 21‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻭ ﻫﺸــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ )‪ (8,005,021,048,000,000‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﻫــﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺑﺮ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 21‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 48‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫)‪ (8,005,021,048,000,000‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫¿‪½Y€ËYt^֐zeÄ»Z¿Á¾Ìfˆz‬‬ ‫»‪cZÌ·Z»Ä^‡Zv‬‬ ‫‡‪ZÅÃZ´À]µZ‬‬ ‫]€‪…Z‡Y‬‬ ‫‪ÕZƛY{Ây‬‬ ‫‪ZÅ|¿€]Ö·ZyÕZm‬‬ ‫{¿¼‪ÃZ´ŒËZ‬‬ ‫]‪ÃZÆ‬‬ ‫‪Ä^À‹ZÆq‬‬ ‫‪|À¨‡Y‬‬ ‫‪Ö¿Zj·YÕ{Z¼m‬‬ ‫»‪…Z‬‬ ‫‬ ‫‪Ö³{Z»M¹ÔŸY‬‬ ‫¯‪…Z³€a¹Â̇€ˆÀ‬‬ ‫]€‪Z]ÕZ°¼ÅÕY‬‬ ‫‹€¯‪E&PÕZÅd‬‬ ‫‪Ö¿Y€ËY‬‬ ‫‬ ‫‬ ‫ ‡‪ÖaZÌa ÃZ¼‹|Ë|mÃÁ{ºfŒÅÁdˆÌ]µZ‬‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫‪Ä ‡ÂeÕZÅd€§Y‬‬ ‫‡€»‪ºÌ‹ÂaÖ¼¿ºŒqÕY~³ÄËZ‬‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫»|‪ՁZ‡Ä ˜«d ÀÃ|Œ¼³Ĭ¸u,dˀË‬‬ ‫‪Ä^À‹ZÆq‬‬ ‫‪|À¨‡Y‬‬ ‫‪Ö¿Zj·YÕ{Z¼m‬‬ ‫»‪…Z‬‬ ‫‬ ‫ ‡‪Äv¨ ÖaZÌa ÃZ¼‹|Ë|mÃÁ{ºfŒÅÁdˆÌ]µZ‬‬ ‫»‪€e{ÁÃZ‬‬ ‫]€‪ֻ¼Ÿž¼n»ÕY‚³‬‬ ‫—€‪ÕZÅÖËYY{®¸¼eÕZÅs‬‬ ‫‡€»‪Á|̼ËYÕYÄËZ‬‬ ‫‬ ‫Ÿ‪ÕYÃÁZ¯Õ|Æ»†°‬‬ ‫»‪cZneÁ½| »,d À€//ˁÁ½ÁZ ‬‬ ‫‪t˜//‡{Ö¸¸¼·Y¾Ì]{Y{Y€«®Ëd¨³‬‬ ‫»Œ‪և€]|À»ZÌ¿¿d¯€‹Z]d¯Z//‬‬ ‫{«‪
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d‡YÃ{€¯Y‹{½Z‹Á€§¶³ÄË{ZveYÕY€]YµÂv»¾ËY‬‬ ‫¨‪ Äv‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻚ ﺗﻚ ﺭﺩﻳﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﺤﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩﭘـﺎ‪ :‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺖﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺜﻼ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺻــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻨــﺪﻡ ﺍﺯ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑــﻪ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﭘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻭﺿﻌﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻗــﻼﻡ ﺧﻮﺩﻛﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﺧﻮﺍﻫــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍ ﺭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺟﻬﺖﺩﻫﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﻄﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺴﺮﻳﻊ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻚ ﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ؛ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﺗﻚ ﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻛﻨﺪﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼــﻮﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻﻭﺟﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻨﻰ ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﺴــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﻨﺒــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻬــﺪ ﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻨﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺧـﻰ ﺍﻗـﻼﻡ ﺑـﻪ ﻳـﻚ ﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪ 440‬ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ‪ 70‬ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ‪ 19/4‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 19/41‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ‪11‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺩﻳﻒﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻭﺯﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪10/80‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ 10/40‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺩﻳﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻮﺭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻙ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻔﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰ ﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻤﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻗﻼﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧــﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌــﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺯﻧﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﻇﻒﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺁﺏﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺟــﻰ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻓﻠﺰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﮔﺮﺩﻭﻏﺒﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺁﺏ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2005) 1384‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﻕ‬ ‫‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ‪18/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ‪9/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﻚﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺧﺸﻚ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻔﻴــﻪ ﺁﺏ ﺧﺮﻭﺟــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳﻴﺎﺏ )ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻠﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ(‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﭽﻴﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺯﻫﻜﺸﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺁﺏ ﺣﺎﺻــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻓﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻴﻮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺤﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴــﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪ 20‬ﺗﺎ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ )‪ 500‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 800‬ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ( ﺩﺳﺘﻜﻢ ‪ 650‬ﺗﺎ ‪1000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﺟﻴﻮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺟﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻃﻠﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺴﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻃﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‪ ،‬ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﺍﺳﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻙ ﻭ ﻓﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1381‬‬ ‫)‪2002‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ( ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺴﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1977) 1356‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ(‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺟﺎﻟﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﻧﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻗﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻠﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺏ )‪ ،(TSS‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ PH‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎﺏ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2003‬ﺗﺎ ‪2008‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪92‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻰ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ‪ TSS‬ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺣــﺪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﻤﻴﺖ ‪95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﻫﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ‪99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺣﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪ PH‬ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺍﻛﺘﻴﻮ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔــﻰ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺍﻛﺘﻴــﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴــﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻘﺎﺩﻳﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴــﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻮﺍﻛﺘﻴﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺩﻩ ﭘﺲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﺩﻳــﻮ ﺍﻛﺘﻴﻮ‪ ،‬ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳــﻊ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺳــﻮﺧﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻜﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻣﺎ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻭﻑ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺧﻂﻣﺸﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺩﻓﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪editor@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ ﺣﻔﺎﻇــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻳﺰﮔﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ؛ ﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﺰﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣــﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣــﺪﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻮﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺁﺑــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻــﻼﺡ ﺍﻟﮕــﻮﻯ ﻛﺸــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﺒﻴــﺖ ﺧــﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺷــﺖ ﻧﻬــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻻﺏﻫﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻰ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻃﺎﺭﻡ ﺳــﻔﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷﻴﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻣﺤﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﻳﺨﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺎﻫﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﻴﺎﺕﻭﺣــﺶ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳــﺎ ﻭ ﺟﺰﺍﻳﺮ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﻭﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﺏ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ُﻛﻚ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﻭ ﺿﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﻳﻨﻪ ﻓﻨــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺭﺋــﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‪،‬ﺗﺎﻻﺏ ﻫﻮﺭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌــﺐ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻯ ﺷﺒﻬﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻳــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪ 16‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺎﻻ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻻﻟﻪﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻮ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﭙﺮﺳﻴﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮﻩ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻯ ﺷﺒﻬﻪ ﺑﺰﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻳﺒﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺟــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳــﻴﻤﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﺯﺣﻤﺘﻜﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻳﻒ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺟﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺶ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﻰ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻯ ﺷﺒﻬﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻋﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ‪ 4‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺑﺎﻗــﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﻛﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻃــﻼﻉ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺢ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪﺭﻭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﺰ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮچ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﻰﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻰ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺭژﻳﻢ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺗﻼﺷــﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻤــﻞ ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴــﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻﻭﺟﻪ ﻣﻀﺎﻳﻘﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭژﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗــﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﻭﺩﺍﺕ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻃــﻼﻉ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓــﺎﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻋﻠﻨﻰ ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣــﻼﻙ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔــﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ‪ 132‬ﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓــﻖ‪ 90 ،‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﺘﻨﻊ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪233‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻼﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻮﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴــﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤــﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 16‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺍﺯ ‪ 21‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻫﺪﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯﻯ ‪ 96‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻼﻙ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ »ﺍﻣﻼﻙ ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ« ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ‪3‬ﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ« ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺤﺺ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻔﻴﺮ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻘﺾ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺮﻳﻢ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺵ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺟﻨﮕﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻊﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻣﺴــﺘﺮﺩﺍﻡ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺩﻥ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻋﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻔﺮﻯ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﻐﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺷــﺶ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪15‬‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺘﺎﻣﺒﺮ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻛﺮﻳﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﻥ« ﺻﺪﺭﺍﻋﻈــﻢ ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪﭘﺮﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎﺗﺶ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺒــﺮﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧــﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺦﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ »ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻦ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻃﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺍﻻﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ…‬ ‫ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻉﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻭ ﻗﻮﻩ )ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻘﻨﻨﻪ(‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺳﻴﺪ‪» :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺳﭙﺮﻯﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﻰ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺗﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟«‪ .‬ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻮﺍ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ«‪.‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪» :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ«‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻻﺭﻳﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﺮﺳــﻴﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻛﺠﺎﺳــﺖ؟« ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﺍﺩ‪» :‬ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ؟«‬ ‫ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻘﺪ ﻣﺸــﻔﻘﺎﻧﻪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻥ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﭘﺮﺩﻩ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﻼﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺟﻌﻔــﺮﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﻤﻦﺁﺑــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻼﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﺎﺭﻑ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻛﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺪ ﻣﺸــﻔﻘﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺪ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ »ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ«‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻠﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺎﻳﺴﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺳــﺮﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫»ﺳــﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ« ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺳــﭙﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﭘﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ ﺷﮕﺮﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﺡ »ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ« ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ )ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﺍ( ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ »ﺁﺷﻨﺎ«‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﻡﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﻣــﺰﺩﻯ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻻﺳــﻼﻡ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺋﻴﺘﺮ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪» :‬ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺨﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺸــﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻗﺎﺿﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻣﻌــﺮﺽ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﺒﺮﺕ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪ «.‬ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻻﺳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﻰ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻥ ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗــﺪﺱ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪» :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺭﺿــﺎ)ﻉ( ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺖﺍﻟﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺴــﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺷــﻮﺩ! ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺸــﺘﻢ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺨــﺐ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﺬﻭﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻮﺷــﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ‪«.‬‬
‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 735‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﺸﻢ ﻧﻤﻰﭘﻮﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭﻧﻴﻮﺯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ –‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ -‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺳﻄﺢ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻧﻮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻧﻮ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕــﻰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻤــﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻧــﻮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﻨــﺪﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺣﺬﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻙ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪4‬‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺐ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺏ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺠﺪﻯ‪/‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ »ﻋﺎﺭﺿﻪ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ« ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳــﻘﻮﻁ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﭘﻰ ﺑﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺵﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺿﻤــﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺨﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪،‬ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺸــﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﮓ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻌﺮﻓــﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺟﻬﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻋﺰﻣﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﻃﻠﺒﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻗﺎﺋﻞﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻧﻈﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰﺗﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﻓــﻊ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻛﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻄﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻏﻠــﺐ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺﺗــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻏﻴﺮﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺭﻧــﮓ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻧﺒﺮﻳﻢ ﭼــﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺳــﻮﻝ ﺷــﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻔﺶ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺐ ﻋﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪ 6‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻨﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫‪8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﻔﺶ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻛﻔﺎﺷــﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﮔﻤﺮﻙ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺠﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻗــﻮﺯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻗــﻮﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﻔﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺩﻭﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﻔﺶ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﻭﺯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ‪6‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒــﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺳــﻼﺡﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 76‬ﻭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻼﺡﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴــﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 94‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﻼﺡﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 39 ،47‬ﻭ ‪ 101‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺐ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ‪ 6‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﻳــﺎ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻟﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﺮگ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺡ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﺴﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﻡﺑﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳــﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺒﺼــﺮﻩ ‪ 2‬ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 97‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 1380/11/27‬ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﮔﻤﺸﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﺎ ﻣﺠﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪industry@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﭽﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﭽﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ ﺗﺪﺍﻋﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨــﺎﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻴﺸــﻮﺩ؟ ﺍﺻﻼ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺼــﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺭﻓﺘــﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﺎ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻳﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻟــﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺑﺪﻳﻬــﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺪﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧــﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﮔﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﭽﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤــﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺟﻬﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻧﭽﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻰ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻِ ــﺮﻑ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻛﺘﻔــﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣــﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻋﻄــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭼﻪﺑﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻣﻰ ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳـﺖ ﺩﻭﻟـﺖ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫـﺶ ﺍﺛـﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﺒــﻰ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠــﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﺰﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺷﻌﺎﻉ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻓﺎﻛﺘﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻟﺰﻭﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻧﻘﺼﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﭼﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﺑﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺟﻨﺲ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺟــﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨــﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﮕﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻧﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻣﻴــﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘــﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻧﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻓﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻒ‪ ،‬ﺧﻼء ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﻰ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺳــﻮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘــﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻗﻊ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺰﺭﻳــﻖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼــﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨــﻮﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺁﺷــﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﺍﺗﻼﻑ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﻄﻌﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺻﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘــﻰ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻼﻡ ﺁﺧﺮ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﻗﻮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ‪E&P‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪276‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 735‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪ 8 2053‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫»ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ« ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤــﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ 2 ،‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 94/12/29‬ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺘﻤﻞ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻤﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ ،95/04/31‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺥ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪﻣﺎﻩ ‪ 95‬ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺣﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺱ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 93/12/29‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 95/02/22‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺲ »ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ«‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﭙﺎﺳﻜﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ‪829‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 833‬ﺗﻦ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺭﻭﻯ‪51 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 841‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻓﺴﻔﺎﺕ‪14 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 479‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺁﻫﻦ ﻭ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 127‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻧﻔﻠﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻴﺖ‪ 340 ،‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﺷﻤﺶ ﻃﻼ‪ 1 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪241‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 880‬ﺗﻦ ﺳﻨﮓ ﺁﻫﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‪2 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 185‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺳﺮﺏ‪158 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 269‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻚ ﻣﺘﺎﻟﻮژﻯ ﻭ ‪8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 126‬ﺗﻦ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺮﻭﻡ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭﺍﻥ ‪28‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﺴﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻔﻮﺭﺩﻯ ‪12‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻧﻔﻠﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﻠﻴﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪26‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻚ ﭘﻴﺮﺑﻜﺮﺍﻥ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﺮﻭﻛﺮﻭﻡ ﺟﻐﺘﺎﻯ ‪49‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺳﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻠــﻚ ‪58‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻃﻼﻯ ﻣﻮﺗﻪ ‪59‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ 4.‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳﭙﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﭙﺎﺳﻜﻮ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﺑﻠﻮﻙ‬ ‫‪ 1‬ﭘﺮﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﻃﺒﺲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻙﻫــﺎﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﭘــﺮﻭﺩﻩ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﻃﺒــﺲ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﺑﻪ ﻗﻢ ﻭ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪870‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 3‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻮﭼﻚﻋﻠﻰ ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﭘﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﻝ ﻛﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻡ ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪570‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴــﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 6‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫‪690‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﺑﻠﻮﻙ ‪ 3‬ﭘﺮﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 4‬ﻃﺒﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻮﻟﻔﺎﺕ ﭘﺘﺎﺳﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑــﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻠﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﻠﺴــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﻴﺰﻳﻢ ﺧﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧــﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻫﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﭘﺘﺎﺱ ﺧــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ 10.‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﺳــﭙﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ‪4655‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﻙ ‪4‬ﭘﺮﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 4‬ﻃﺒﺲ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﺮﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻧﻚ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪ ،5‬ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﮔﻞ ﮔﻬﺮ ‪ ،6‬ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﺒﺮﻯ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﻏﺮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﻣﻴﺸــﺪﻭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻮﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺠﻰ ﺑﺎﻓــﻖ ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﺎﺗﻴﺖ ﺟﻼﻝﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ »ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ«‬ ‫‪2‬‬
‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺧﺘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﻳﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ‪/‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫»ﻣﺸــﻌﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺠﻰ ﺷﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ« ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﻧــﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻢ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺵ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ(‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﭗ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻰ ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻢ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺵﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺠﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺳﭙﻴﺪﺩﺷــﺖ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻰﺷــﻚ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺵ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ‪7‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 7‬ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺍﺭﺛﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻭﺭﺍﺙ ﺑﺮﺧﻼﻑ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺼﻮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ ﻗﺪﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺛﻴﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ(‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺮ ﻫﻤﺖ ﺑﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮ ﺯﻧﺠﻴــﺮﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻌﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﻢ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻤﻞﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﮔﻮﺷﺰﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺷﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺴــﻦﺧﺘﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 1404‬ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﻤﭙﺎﺳﻜﻮ‬ ‫»ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ« ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﻳﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﻰ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪11‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪5/1 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻣﺲ )‪ (ICSG‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﻣــﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﻮﻳﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ‬ ‫‪ ،2016‬ﺑــﻪ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪18‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪364‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 600‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2015‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪462‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 100‬ﺗﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ‪10 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪254‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﺭﻩ »ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ«‪3 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪931‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪200‬‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ »ﺁﺳــﻴﺎ«‪ ،‬ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪677‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪900‬‬ ‫ﺗــﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ »ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎ«‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪586‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪200‬‬ ‫ﺗــﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ »ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ« ﻭ ‪914‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 900‬ﺗﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫»ﺍﻗﻴﺎﻧﻮﺳﻴﻪ« ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣــﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪21‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪479‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ )‪20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪623‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ( ﺣﺎﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪4/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨــﺪﻯ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻳﺪﺋﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻚ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻬﻞ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺏ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ‬ ‫»ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪﺁﺝﺑﻴﺸــﻪ« ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻜﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ( ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪﺁﺝﺑﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺗﻼﺷــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﺿﻤﻨﺎ ﺑﺪﻳﻨﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 53 ،52‬ﻭ ‪76‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺗﻔﻮﻳﺾ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﻛــﺰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﺴــﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺯﻧﺠــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺯﻧــﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤــﻮﻉ ‪ 44‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑــﻊ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ‪ 20‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﭘﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﻝ )ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﺁﻫﻨﻰ( ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 12‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 22‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺰﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﻭ ﭘﻠﻰ ﻣﺘﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 12350‬ﻣﺘﺮ‪ 5300 ،‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﻭ ‪4350‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 19‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺧﺬ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻴﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺬﻑ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺟــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺒﻨــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺨــﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥﺑﺮ ‪300‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻊﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ‪ 1‬ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺍﺣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﭘﺮﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺴــﺎﺭ ﻣﺲ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 120‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺩﺭﻳــﺎ ‪ 1600‬ﻣﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺟﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻔﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ‪-‬ﺑﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ‪51‬‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺗﻞ ﺳــﻴﺎﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺩﻫﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻏﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ‪ 44‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ ﭼﻬﻞﻛــﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 25‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘــﺮﻯ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪140‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣــﺲ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺲ ﭘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺭﺿﺎ ﭘﺮﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 350‬ﻧﻔﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖﺯﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﺮﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺪ؛ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺎ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ‪17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣــﺲ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1382‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﻴﻢ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻧﺼﺮﺕﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﺠﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻴﻢ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻰﺟﻮﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ژﺋﻮﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳــﻚ ﻭ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺫﺧﻴــﺮﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺭﺍ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪1/4‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ)ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ(‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎﺏﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﻙ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳــﻞ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 16700‬ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﭼﻬﻞﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ‪22‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗــﻦ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﺸــﺘﻢ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬــﻞ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﻞﻛــﻮﺭﻩ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 35‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪350‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻭ ‪8‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 1404‬ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪800‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻛﺎﺗﺪ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻴﻢﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺿﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮ ﭘﻴﭻﻭﺧﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻟــﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻧﻘﻞﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻻﺕ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺨﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 5+1‬ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎﺑﻴﺪﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 1200‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﻃﻼ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻓﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻨﮕﺎﭘﻮﺭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 1203/32‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻳﺴﺘﺎﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‪ ،‬ﻫــﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﻃﻼ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪1202/80‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪1/70‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪1201/40‬ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﺭﻙ ﺗﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭﻳﻨﮓﻓﺎﻧﮓ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺗﻌﺠــﺐﺁﻭﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫــﺮ ﮔﻮﻧــﻪ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺁﺗﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺎﻣﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺑــﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 2008-2009‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪3‬ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2017‬ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﺩﺩﻫﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺩﻭﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺣﺰﺏ‬ ‫ﺿﺪ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗﻰ ﻗﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻬــﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﮕﻰ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻼ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻰﺛﺒﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﺭﻙ ﺗﻮ‪ ،‬ﻃﻼ ﺗﺎ ﭼﻨــﺪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 1200‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 1250‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻠﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻃﻼﻯ »ﺍﺱﭘﻰﺩﻯ ﺁﺭ ﮔﻮﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﺳــﺖ«‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪0/83‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺭﻯ ‪0/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪16/93‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﭘﻼﺗﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ‪0/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‪940/60 ،‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﭘﺎﻻﺩﻳﻮﻡ ﺑﺎ ‪0/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‪751/90 ،‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﻓﻠﺰ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 735‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕﻣﻮﺍﺩﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻬﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺳــﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻮﻝﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺿﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﻨﮓﺧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻮﺍﻳﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﺒﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺑﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2012‬ﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭژﺍﻧﺘﻴﻦ‪2 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ ‪6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ‪5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪600‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ ‪9‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ‪13‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺑﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺰﺍﻧــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﻧﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻃﻼ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻃﻼ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 5‬ﺗﻦ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺤﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺠﺎﻳﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪950928/1169‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ – ﺿﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺟﺮﺡ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺷﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﻚ ﻧﺒﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 96/2/20‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 11/30‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 180-115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 416754‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 950893/1169‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺟﺮﺡ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﻚ ﻧﺒﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 96/2/19‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 11/30‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 180-115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 416755‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ‪7/95‬ﺩ‪ 701/‬ﺩﺭﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ ) 18‬ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ( ﺣﻤﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻟﻮ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻣﺠﻌﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﺐ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ) ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ( ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﻠﺖ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪174‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 7‬ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 18‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416757‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺪﻳﻨﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺁﻧﻰ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺣﺮﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺱ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 7‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ) ﺑﺮگ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺟﻮﻳﻰ( ﺩﺭﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 950943‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 6‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416758‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺩﺭﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 950341‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺭﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺪﻣﻠﻰ ‪ 2730038396‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﺎﻣﺸﺮﻭﻉ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯﻧﺸﺮ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻳﻨﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺰ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 174‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪1392‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻰ ﭘﺎﺋﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﺶ ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ‪ 2‬ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 31‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 416759‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 31‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ‪ -‬ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺱ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺭﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻦ ﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9309982155001586‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1166‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ‪ 1166‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ( ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 9509972180601877‬ﺷﺎﻛﻰ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﷲ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﺋﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺭﺿﻰ – ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ‪ -1 :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻛﺜﻴﻒ ‪ -2‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻌﻤﺘﻰ ‪-3‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﺩ ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ‪ -4‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﭼﻨﮕﻴﺰ – ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻫﺎ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ -1‬ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ‪ -2‬ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺮﻗﺖ ‪ -3‬ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﻌﺰﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺁﻗﺎﻳﺎﻥ ‪ -1‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ ‪ -2‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻌﻤﺘﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻛﺜﻴﻒ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ‪ -3‬ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻰ ﮔﻨﺪﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺧﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫‪20‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﺎﻛﻦ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﻔﻴﻞ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﻴﺪﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻪ ﻃﺒﺎﻃﺒﺎﺋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻀﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻓﺘﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 276‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 95/5/5‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ‪ 88‬ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 94/4/3‬ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ‪ 48‬ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺠﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﺴﺐ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺭﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻨﻊ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 94/6/1‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 931712‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻣﺤﺮﺕ ‪ 1170‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ‬ ‫‪ 942506‬ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 94/10/5‬ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﻫﺮ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺘﻬﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﻌﻜﺲ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻗﻴﺪ ﺷﺎﻛﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻗﻨﺎﻉ ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻰ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﺣﺮﺍﺯ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺑﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﺋﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 37‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 4‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺋﺖ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1166‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416760‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9409980245300430‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1175‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ )‪ 1175‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ( ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪ – 9509972181501886‬ﺷﺎﻛﻰ‪ :‬ﺭﺣﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﻣﻬﺮﻭﺭﺯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻌﻠﻰ – ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ‬ ‫– ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺻﺪﻣﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﻰ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍ ﺛﺮ ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻛﺎﺭ – ﮔﺮﺩﺷﻜﺎﺭ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺸﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻠﺤﺎﻅ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺻﺪﻣﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﻰ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻟﺘﻰ ﺣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺷﺼﺖ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺣﻤﺖ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﻣﻬﺮﻭﺭﺯ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 2‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻛﻰ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺱ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻳﺎ ﻋﺬﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺰﻫﻜﺎﺭﻳﺶ ﻣﺤﺮﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻭﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 715‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 176‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻓﻠﺬﺍ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺷﺼﺖ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﻳﻪ ‪ -1‬ﭘﻨﺞ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺸﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﮕﻰ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﺎﻋﻰ ‪ -2‬ﺩﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﺣﻤﺖ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﺪﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﻜﺼﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻓﺮﺟﻪ ‪ 20‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻓﺮﺟﻪ ‪ 20‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻀﺎء ﻓﺮﺟﻪ ﻭﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺱ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1175‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪416761‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 941135‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ ) 18‬ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ(‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺑﺮ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ) ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺮﺁﮔﻬﻰ( ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﻠﺖ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 174‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺑﺖ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺱ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 11‬ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 18‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416746‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻗﺪﻭﺳﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509982882500457‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺮﻡ ﺧﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﺮ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 96/2/9‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 10/00‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 180-115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1031‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪ 416747‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻗﺪﻭﺳﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ‪ 1031‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 950903/1169‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ – ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺩﺷﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪1169‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﻚ ﻧﺒﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺸﺎﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 96/2/11‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 10/30‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 180-115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 416748‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻳﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺤﺎﺷﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖ ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1030‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻗﺪﻭﺳﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ )‪ 1030‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ( ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫– ﻭﻧﻚ‪ -‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻼﺻﺪﺭﺍ‪ -‬ﻧﺒﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ -‬ﭘﻼﻙ ‪ 64‬ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 9509982148200148‬ﺛﺒﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ ‪ 96/2/17‬ﻭ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 9:00‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺷﺎﻛﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺰ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫‪ 344‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﻮﺩﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1030‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫‪ 416749‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻗﺪﻭﺳﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ‪ 1030‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭﺍ ﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﭘﻮﺭ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 950889‬ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺟﺮﺡ ﻋﻤﺪﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ‪ 96/2/16‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 9/30‬ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻳﮓ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻤﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺿﻠﻊ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﭘﺎﺭﻙ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺸﺖ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻋﺼﺮ)ﻋﺞ( ﻁ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1010‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ )ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ( ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1010‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416750‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﻛﻤﻴﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺰﭼﻠﻮﺋﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻣﻌﻠﻰ ﺩﺭﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509980500400602‬ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪ 950636‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺶ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﺧﺴﺮﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﺖ ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 174‬ﻭ ‪ 344‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 92/12/4‬ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫‪ 96/2/10‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 10‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺘﻀﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1955‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416751‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﻧﺎﻣﻘﻰ ﺩﺭﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ‬ ‫‪ 9309980500600749‬ﺑﺎ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 951026‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺶ ﺧﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻓﻨﺎﺧﺴﺮﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﺖ ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 174‬ﻭ ‪ 344‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 92/12/4‬ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺒﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 96/2/11‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪9/30‬‬ ‫ﺻﺒﺢ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻭﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻣﻘﺘﻀﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1955‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416752‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﻬﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻩ ﺳﺮﺍﺋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ‬ ‫‪ 950965/1169‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﺮﻙ ﺍﻧﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻣﻬﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻩ ﺳﺮﺍﺋﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺳﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻛﻴﻔﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﻚ ﻧﺒﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 96/2/10‬ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 10/30‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 180-115‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪ 416753‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﺮﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺪﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ) ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 1169‬ﺟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ(‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺭﻭﺣﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻗﺎﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺍﺣﻤﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻣﺠﻌﻮﻝ ﺍﻋﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 890556‬ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻇﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺴﺎﺑﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺳﻰ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ‪ 6‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 416756‬ﻡ‪/‬ﺍﻟﻒ‬ ‫‪6‬‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﭙﻪ ﺯﺍﻏﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻱ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﭙﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻚ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳﻜﻮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺪﻥﻫــﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﻗﺒــﻞ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻱ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭﻱ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺳﺮﺥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺲ ﻣﺲ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻓﻖ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﻐﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻖ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺛﻘﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻓﻠﺰ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺩﺭ ‪800‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﺮﻩ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﭘﺮﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻼ‪ ،‬ﻣﺲ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻛﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺮ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜــﻰ ﻣــﺲ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳــﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜــﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻫﺪﺍﻳــﺖ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺒﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺲ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣــﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺑــﺮ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﻜﻠﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻜﺶﺧﻮﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺷﻜﻞﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻛﺸﺸﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻨﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 85‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺫﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺪﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺿﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻴﻄﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺍﺏ ﺳﺮﺥ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴــﻚ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 46‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺎﻟﻮﺭژﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﺰﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻪﺁﺭﺍﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺎﻏﺬﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫)ﻫﻮﺍﭘﻴﻤﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻣﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‪ ،(...‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ )ﭘﻮﻛﻪ ﻓﺸــﻨﮓ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻠﻮﻟــﻪ ﺗــﻮپ ﻭ‪ ،(...‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻛﺸﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺼــﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﻴﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺛﺎﺛﻴﻪ ﺛﺎﺑــﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﺠﺴــﻤﻪﻫﺎ )ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺠﺴــﻤﻪ ‪ Liberty‬ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ‬ ‫‪179‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﭘﻮﻧﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺳــﺖ(‪ ،‬ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﻕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ )ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﻴﻢﮔﺮﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻴﻠــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻳــﻖﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﻟﺨــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺎﻳﻰ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻣﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴــﺲ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫــﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ژﻧﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺍﻧﺴﻔﺮﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻣﻐﻨﺎﻃﻴﺲ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦ ﺑﺨﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺗﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺎﻕ)ﮔﺮﻡﺧﺎﻧﻪ( ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﻭﻳﻮ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻣﻮﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭ ﻭﻳﻮ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﻴﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﺮﻛﺐ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺤﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﻟﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﺲ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺳــﻤﻰ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﺺﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ‪ ...‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﻣﺲ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻻ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﻟــﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﺍﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺳــﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻠــﺖ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑــﻞ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﮔﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻓﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻗﻴــﻖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻓــﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺼﺐ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺰﻭﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﻟﻴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪ ﺳﺪ)ﻣﺴﻴﻞ( ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻞﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺳﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺑﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻳﭽﻪﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺎﻟﻮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﺰﻛﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﻴﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻀــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﻴﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟــﻰ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻤﻚ ﺩﺭﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺘﺎﻟﻮﺭژﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژ ﻣﺲ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺞ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ(‪ ،‬ﻟﻜﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺰ )ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﻠﻊ(‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﺰ ﺗﻮپﺭﻳﺰﻯ )ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﺲ‪ ،‬ﻗﻠﻊ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ(‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭘﺮﻭﻧﻴــﻜﻞ )ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﻜﻞ( ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺲ ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﺎﻧﻪﺁﺭﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻧﮓﺳﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﺮﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻛﺎﺕ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﭙﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﺭﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺳــﻜﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﭘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻞ‬ ‫)‪ (Cupronickel‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻜﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 1‬ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﻼ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻋﻨﺼﺮﻱ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﺸﺮ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﺁﻻﺕ ﻣﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒﺷــﺪﻩ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻲ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻣﺴﻴﺢ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻻﻛﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺯﻭﺭﻳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺮﺍﻡ ﻣﺼﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺲ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‪5‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻛﻤﻲ ﻗﻠﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻦ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻫﺎﻱ ﺑﺮﻧﺰﻱ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮ ﻛﺸــﻒ ﻣﻲﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒــﻲ ﻗﺪﻣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺷﻴﺎﻱ ﻛﺸﻒﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻣﺴﻴﺢ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺗﭙﻪ ﺯﺍﻏﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﭙﻪ ﺳﻴﻠﻚ ﻭ ﺗﻞ ﺍﺑﻠﻴﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻲﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻘﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻠﺰ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﻤﺪﻥﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻛﺸﻒﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺗﭙﻪ ﺯﺍﻏــﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﮕﺰﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻗﺰﻭﻳــﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪4900‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ ﻣﻲﺭﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻛﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺴﻲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﻣﻲﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﭼﻜﺶﻛـﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺍﺷــﻴﺎﻱ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻫﻮﺋﻠﻮﺍ‬ ‫)‪ (Hielva‬ﺍﺳــﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﺒــﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﻣﻲﻭﺭﺯﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻟﻜﻮﺳﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻟﻜﻮﭘﻴﺮﻳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﻧﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻟﻔﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎﺯﻩﺍﻱ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻲﻫﺎﻱ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪﻱ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻱ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻏﺎﻝ ﭼﻮﺏ ﺍﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗــﻦ ﻣﺲ ﻛﺎﺗﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫــﺪﺍﻑ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 1404‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻤﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﺲ ﺳــﻮﻧﮕﻮﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺳــﻨﺪ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺳــﻮﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺛﻘﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜــﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻓﻖ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ‪ 1404‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﻛﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣــﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﺲ ﺳــﻮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﺪﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﻘﻔــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣــﺲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﻫــﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺑﻘــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻘﻴــﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺟﻨﮓ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﺮﻯ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﺲ ﺳــﻮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻳــﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺲ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻕﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻫﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻳﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺪﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺲ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﺩﻭﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﺑﭽﺮﺧﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺳﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺟــﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺴــﺠﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳــﺎﺭﺍ ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻰﻓﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﻣﺲ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺲ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳــﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺳــﺎﺧﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﻴــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻮﺳــﻔﻰﻓﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‬ ‫– ﺩﺧﺘﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄــﺐ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﻧﺪﺳـﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳـﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳـﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻣــﺲ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺗﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﺲ ﺳــﻮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻳﻘﻴــﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺷــﻤﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺛﻘﻔﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ)ﺑﺮﻧﺪ(ﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺁﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻨﺮﻯ ﻓﺸــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﻨﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺛﻘﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐﺗﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻳﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻭﺩ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧــﻮﺍﺩ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻠﻴــﻆ ﻣﺲ ﺳــﻮﻧﮕﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻜﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯﺗﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻟﻄﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺻﻮﺭﺕﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ‪ 17‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ‪ 323‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪713‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 16‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 323‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺷــﺮﻑ ﭘﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻜﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻘﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫‪ 273 ‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﺷﺮﻑ ﭘﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ‪ 534‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ ‪ 273‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻧﺤﻼﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻳــﺎ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ‪ 188‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ 143 ،‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻮﺧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﻯ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﻠﻪ ﻭ ﺷــﻜﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻬﺎﺗﺮ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺑﻘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺷــﺪ؛ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒــﺎﺕ ‪ 950‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺼﻤﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﺸــﺎﻥﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺎﻣﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻭﺝ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 94‬ﻭ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 12‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﮔﻠﻪﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﺠﻴﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻏﺪﻳﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﭘﻴﻜﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻭﺳﺘﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﮔــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ )ﺳﻨﺎ(‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪57‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺣﻖﺗﻘــﺪﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪10‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪28‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪51‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ‪ 3‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪76‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 332‬ﺍﻳﺴــﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﻭﻡ ‪ 52‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺪﺭﻧﺸﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﻓﻖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺰﻳﻨﮓ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺩﺍﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺷﻴﻦﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺷــﻰ ﺗﻜﺴــﺮﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺲ ﺷــﻬﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻫﻨﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﺮﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺗﻮﻛﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋﻦ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺁﻫﻨﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻛﺘﻮﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻗﻨﺪ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺳــﺒﺰﻭﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻢ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﭙﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﻛﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺻﻜﻮﻙ ﻣﺮﺍﺑﺤﻪ ﺳﺎﻳﭙﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺷــﻰ ﺗﻜﺴﺮﺍﻡ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﭘﻠﻰ ﺍﻛﺮﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﭘﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﭙﻬﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻬﺸﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺻﻜﻮﻙ ﺑﻨﺎﮔﺴﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺗﻮﻛﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺻﻒﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ‪1‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 203‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﻙ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤــﺎﺩ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪456‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ‪ 20‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﺗﻠﮕﺮﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺭﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳـﻬﺎﻡ ﻫـﺮ ﻓـﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳـﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴـﻮﻥ ﻭ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺍﺭﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻁ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 530‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺗﺴــﻮﻳﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ ‪ 96‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿــﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ‪ 530‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 50‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ‬ ‫‪ 470‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖﺷﺎﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﺎ ‪ 470‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻗﺴــﺎﻁ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺭﻳــﺰ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰﻯ ‪ 470‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﺴــﻮﻳﻪ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 95‬ﺗﺎ ‪14‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ‪ 96‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪ 95‬ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﻭ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 95‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺑﺸﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪ 90‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 4500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 90‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 49‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋــﺪﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﻗﺴﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺩﻫﻚ ﺍﻭﻝ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺩﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮﻯﺑﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺰﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 150‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌـﻪ ‪ 24‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴـﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ‪ 24‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪400‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪ 7‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 73‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ‪ 350‬ﺗﻤــﺎﺱ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ؛ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﭘﺮﺍﺗﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 27‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻻﻥ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻣﺒﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﻭﻟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻄﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻇﺮﻑ ‪ 15‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﻓﺴﺦ ﻧﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ ﻫﺮﮔﺎﻩ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩﺵ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺳــﻴﻜﻠﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﺮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﺘــﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯﺣﺴــﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ‪ 2‬ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﺋﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺪﺭﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ‪ 2‬ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺟﺮﻡ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﺷﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 534‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫‪ 273‬ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5500‬ﺗﻦ ﻣﻴﻌﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧــﻜﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ‬ ‫‪5/544‬ﺗــﻦ ﻣﻴﻌﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻴــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ )‪ 24‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪ ،(95‬ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻭﭘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺰﻭﺭﻳﺴﺎﻳﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺘﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻻﻭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ )ﺳــﻨﺎ(‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ )‪ 23‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪ (95‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻴﻌﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪5/544‬ﺗﻦ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 74‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 879‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﺣﻖ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺳــﻤﻰ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻠﮕﺮﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒــﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪20‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝ ﺗﻠﮕﺮﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﺎﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻯ ﭘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﺎﺳــﺮ ﻓﻼﺡ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻏﻠﻂ‪ ،‬ﮔﻤﺮﺍﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺘﺨﻠﻔﺎﻥ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺯﻳﺮﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝﻓﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻼﺡ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﻓﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳﻮﺩﺟﻮ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﻓﺘﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰﺷــﺎﻫﺮﻭﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺬﻑ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺭﺍﻧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸــﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺣﺴﻦ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰﺷﺎﻫﺮﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺣﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻩ‪ ...‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻣﻨﺪ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻃﻼ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ‪ 2‬ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﻓــﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ »ﭘﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ« ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﻴﺘﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺩﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘــﺎﺩ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻓــﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻃﻼ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﺭﻙ ﺗــﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫»ﻭﻳﻨﮓ ﻓﺎﻧﮓ« ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﻮﺭﭘﺮﺍﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻈــﺮ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻓــﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﻧــﺖ ﻳﻠﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﻃﻼ ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 1203‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻴــﻢ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﻫﻠﻨــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳــﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﻼ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﻼ ﺷﻮﺩ‪» .‬ﺳﺎﻣﺴﻮﻥ ﻟﻰ«‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ »ﺟﻰﺍﻑﺍﻡﺍﺱ« ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻫﻠﻨــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﻟــﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﺭﻙ ﺗﻮ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻃــﻼ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 1200‬ﺗﺎ ‪1250‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻭﺍﻧﮓ ﺗﺎﺋــﻮ« ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 1193‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫــﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳــﺮ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ »ﺍﺱ ﭘــﻰ ﺩﻯ ﺁﺭ« ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪ 0/83‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﻭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﻇﻬــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑــﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻓﻠﺰ ﺯﺭﺩ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺯﻩﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴــﻞ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻜﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﺒﻮﻧﺎﭼﻰ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻃﻼ ‪ 1175‬ﺗﺎ ‪1185‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﺤﺖﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻓــﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫‪ 1185‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 1175‬ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺷﻜﺴــﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪ ﻃﻼ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻏــﺮﺏ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻢ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺳــﺘﻴﻞﭘﺮﺍﻳﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻠﺘﺲ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺧﺮﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪3‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺑﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ؛ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﭘﺸﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺳﻰﺍﻯﺍﺱ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ‪ 580‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺳﻰﺍﻑﺁﺭ ﺭﻭﺗﺮﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ‪ 560‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 570‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ ﺳﻰﺍﻑﺁﺭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺑﺎﻻﺗــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪5‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﺱﻫﺎ ﻫــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺿﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﺳــﻰ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ‪ 589‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ‪ 560‬ﻳﻮﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻪ ﻭ ژﻭﺋﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﮕــﺮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺳﻮﻟﻮﻣﻴﻮ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺠﺎﻳﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺛﻤﻦ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﻰﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 6‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ »ﻛﻴﻮﺍ ِﺱ« ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ »ﺷﻬﺮﺕ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ« ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ‪70‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺨﺼﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽــﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ »ﺍ ِچ« ﻧﺎﻣﻴــﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺍ ِچ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﭘﮋﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺳــﻨﺠﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻳﺘﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺷﻬﺮﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﺳــﺖ«؛ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪40‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻳﻨﻴﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻮﺍ ِﺱ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ‪ 51‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﻠﻮﺭﻭﺩﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1859‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ )‪ 1237‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ(‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳــﻴﺲ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ‪ 90‬ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﺭﺗﻴﻦ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1986‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ )‪ 1364‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷﻴﺪﻯ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 19‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 2‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻮﻳﻴﻨﺰﻟﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻫﻔﺘﻢ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﻴﻮﺍ ِﺱ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻓﻬﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪21‬‬ ‫ِﺮﺳــﺮﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪22‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﻳﺘﻮﺍﺗ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﺘﻮﺍﺗ‬ ‫ِﺮﺳــﺮﻧﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ‪4‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺒﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻤﺎﻝ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻫﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪ 24‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪27‬‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﻠﻮﺭﺍﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻭﺑﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺰﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻭﻗﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2016‬ﻡ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟــﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫)‪ (2017‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ‪ 321‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻨــﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺑﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ‪ 4500‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 5000‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2017‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎ ‪ 5590‬ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺗﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﺩﻳﺮ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺒﺮ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺲ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2018‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﺳــﭙﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2021‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ‪524‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2018‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻄﺢ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2021‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ‪ 7500‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺳــﻔﺎﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ )ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ( ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻞ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﻠﺘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 49/19‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﺑﻤﺎﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 4/17‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪ 62/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﺨﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 12/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ‪ 7/29‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻞ ﺑﺎﺭﺳﻮﻟﻮﻣﻴﻮ ﺳــﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ ﭘﻠﺘﺲ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ‪ :‬ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺒﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺟﻴﺎﻧﮓﺳﻮ‪ ،‬ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳــﻞ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﮔﺮﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻫﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺯﻳﺮﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 75‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 90‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﻠﺘﺲ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻧﮕﻬﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﭘﻠﺘﺲ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻕ ﮔــﺮﻡ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ‪ 501/4‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺗﻦ ﻓﻮﺏ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﻮﻳــﻪ ‪ 497/1‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺷﻮژﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﻕ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ‪ 20‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟــﺪﻭﻝ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 20‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪ 6 ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ‪ 5 ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻰ‪ 4 ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪1‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﻠﻮﺭﺍﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻯ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﺭﺗﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺁﺧِ ﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪3‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﻳﻴﻨﺰﻟﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺭﻳﺰﻭﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﭘﻨﺴﻴﻠﻮﺍﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻠﺒﻮﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻴﻮﺳﺎﻭﺕ ِﻭﻟﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺳﻨﺖ ﭘﺘﺮﺯﺑﻮﺭگ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﮕﺎﻩ َﻣﻚ ﮔﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫‪16‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻮﻳﻴﻨﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻴﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫‪17‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺭﻧﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﻴﺶ ﻛﻠﻤﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫‪18‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻟﺒﺮﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻨﻰ‪-‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻳﺒﺮگ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪19‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﻮﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺷﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪20‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﺩﻻﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﻌﻔﺮﻯﻃﻬﺮﺍﻧـﻰ‪ /‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨـﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨـﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺳـﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻔﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ‪25‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦﻃﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨﭽﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﮔﭻ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺑﻮﺷــﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻨــﺪﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻜﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺭﻭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺴﻠﻮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻨﮓ ﮔﭻ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﺁﻫﻚ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺷــﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﺧﻤﻴﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺼﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﭻ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ‪ 25‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﭘﺮﺳــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺭﻳﺴــﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻄﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﭻ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﻪ ﺳــﺎﺭﻭﺝ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻫﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺼﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﭽﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺷﺪﺕ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﺮ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﭻ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﻨﮓ ﺁﻫﻚ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻋﺴﻠﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺳــﻜﻠﻪ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻــﻰ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﻜﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺎﻯ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺭﻭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻫــﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﺑﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻫﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻫﻚ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪15‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻫﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻫﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﺭﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺭﻭﺝ –ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 13‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ »ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﻧﺨﻞ« ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷــﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳــﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺁﺭﻣﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻴﻠﺘﺮ )ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻜﻠﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩ ﻧﺨﻞ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺳــﻴﻊ ﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺩﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﺁﻫﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺷﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺎﺳــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﺮﻣﺰﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪15‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺗﺎ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺳــﻰ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺍﺯ ‪ 8‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 9‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 23/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2014‬ﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺑﻪ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺗﻨﺰﻝ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗــﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2016‬ﻡ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 15‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﺝ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2008‬ﻡ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2000‬‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ‪2007‬ﻡ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ژﺍﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ‪2008‬ﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻄﻤــﻪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2009‬ﻭ ‪2010‬ﻡ ﺷﻜﻮﻓﺎ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2010‬ﻭ ‪2011‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪13‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺳــﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺳــﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2011‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2012‬ﻭ ‪2013‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﻭ ‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2014‬ﻭ ‪2015‬ﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻴــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺷــﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﻭﻣﻴﺖ ﻋﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻤﻰ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻠﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺵ ﻳﺎ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ‪20‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺷــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﭙﺲ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ(‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺯﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪15‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﮋﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻓﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻓﺮﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﺪﺷﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪234‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫‪ 129‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺧﻂ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺯﻧﮕﻨﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱﺑﺮﺍﻯﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﺑﺎﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‪ E&P‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫــﺎﺏ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷــﺎﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺑﺸﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﺘﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ AGR‬ﻧﺮﻭژ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪ ،SPEC‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪Byrne Looby‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪First Commissioning‬‬ ‫‪ Service‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪Northstar‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ Influit‬ﺍﻧﮕﻠﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫‪ Tarpon Energy‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪Progetti‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰ ‪،Strand Hanson‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ ،HSEC‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ‪،SGC‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ Canaccord Genuity‬ﻛﺎﻧــﺎﺩﺍ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪ GMP Securities‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻘــﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ‪ AGR‬ﻧــﺮﻭژ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺸﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﺮﻭژﻯ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺕﺍﻭﻳﻞ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻛﻨﺎﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﻳﺘﻴﺶ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﻟﻴﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﻪ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ ﻭ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪500‬‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﭼﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳــﭙﻚ )‪ (SPEC‬ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﺳــﺎﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺍﻻﺭﺿــﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﭙﻚ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺍﻻﺭﺿﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺍﻭﺭﺵ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﻤﭙﺮﺳــﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺮﻳﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﻮﭘﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﭘﺮﺷــﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﻮﭘــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻳﺖ ﻣﻴــﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﻮﭘﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﻮﭘﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﺏ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﻴﭙﻴﻦ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺸــﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ‪400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌــﺪﺩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺧﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻝﺍﻥﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺸــﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰ‪Strand‬‬ ‫‪ ،Hanson‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪Canaccord Genuity‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ‪ GMP Securities‬ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺟﻤﻠﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﺪﻓﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘــﺮ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﭘــﺮﮔﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳــﻦ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻭ ﮔﺸــﺎﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻛﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻧﻔﺘﺨﻴﺰ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻧﺞ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻧﻔﺘﺨﻴﺰ ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﻧــﺞ )ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺁﺳــﻤﺎﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺑﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﺎﻣﻰ( ﻭ ﺷــﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥ )ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﺁﺳــﻤﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻨﮕﺴــﺘﺎﻥ(‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﮋﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﭙﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺸــﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻋﻘﺐﺗﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﺸﻦ ﺳﺒﺰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻑﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﺗﻔــﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 530‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺭﻛﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‪ 20 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ‪ 485‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻏﻴﺮﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪ 100‬ﻭ ‪ 80‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ‪ 45‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻭ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ‪ 30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻣﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻮﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ(‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻓﺎﺯ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﭘﺎﻻﻳــﺶ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤــﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻴﻠــﻦ‪ 400 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ‪ 350‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ ﺳﺒﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻛﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺷﻬﺮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﺎﺯ ‪ 12‬ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻙ ﺍﺗﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻯ‪.‬ﭘﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻰ‪.‬ﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺫﺧﻴــﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ‪ 14‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2020‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ )ﺳﻨﺎ(‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻠﻮﻣﺒﺮگ‪ ،‬ﺁژﺍﻧــﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ‪ 14‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2020‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁژﺍﻧﺲ ﺩﺭ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ‪2017‬ﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺑﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 2015‬ﻭ ‪ 2016‬ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻧﺸﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫)ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‪ /‬ﺩﻻﺭ(‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪WTI‬‬ ‫‪48/51‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪0/08‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪51/46‬‬ ‫‪0/09‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﭘﻚ‬ ‫‪49/81‬‬ ‫‪0/01‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺁﺭﺍﻧﻴﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻋﻬﺪﻯ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ؛ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻋﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻓﻌﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺯﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺯﻭﺭﺵ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺷﻴﺮ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺑﻨﺪﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺷﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺘﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻫﻴﭽﻜﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﺸﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻣﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﻮﻯ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺷﺪﻥ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻦ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﻟﺮﺯﻩ ﻧﻴﻨﺪﺍﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻰﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺮﻛﻤﻨﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺫﺭﻩﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻰﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻴــﮋﻥ ﺯﻧﮕﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﮔﺮﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻳﺘﺮﺯ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺲ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﭘــﻚ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺩﻛﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻳﺘﺮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺖ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻯ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 5:53‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﻨﻮﻳﭻ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ 39‬ﺳــﻨﺖ ﻳﺎ ‪ 0/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 50‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ‪ 98‬ﺳﻨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪30‬ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ‬ ‫)‪ 10‬ﺁﺫﺭ( ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻭﺳــﺖ ﺗﮕﺰﺍﺱ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻣﺪﻳﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﺎﻳﻤﻜﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪ 45‬ﺳــﻨﺖ ﻳﺎ ‪0/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ‪ 48‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺳــﻨﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺖ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺖ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ )‪ 14‬ﺁﺑﺎﻥ( ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﻪﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﺸــﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﺯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺸــﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻛﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫)ﺍﻭﭘﻚ( ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺩﻫﻢ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2008‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﺎﺯﺍﺩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻜﺎﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺍﻳﺮ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﮕﻮﻻ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻮﺍﺩﻭﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﺑﻦ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴﺒﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻗﻄﺮ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﻧﺰﻭﺋــﻼ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻭﭘﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺠﺮﻳﻪ ﻭ ﻟﻴﺒــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﭘﻚ ﻣﺴﺘﺜﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧــﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺸــﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﺴﻮ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﺎﻥ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ؛ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﭘﺮﮔﺎﺱ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻣــﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳــﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗــﻪ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻪﻛﻒ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨــﮕﺎﻡ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺁﺫﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﻣﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ‪15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺯﻧﮕﻨــﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫)ﻣﺘﻦ( ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫)ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺁﺫﺭ( ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺪﺭﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﺮﺍﻕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻟﺪﻳــﻦ ﺷــﻬﻨﺎﺯﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫‪2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪440‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪16‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 19‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﭼﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ )ﻣﺘﻦ( ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺯﻭﺩﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪15 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺭﺩﻳﺒﻬﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪65‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﻨﺎﺯﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻓﺮﻭﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1347‬ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻠﻴﺴﻰﻫﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ )ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺳﻮﻡ(‬ ‫ﻭ ‪11‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﮔﺎﺯ )ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ( ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬
‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪ 1/2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﮕــﺮﺵ ﻭﺍﻗﻊﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧــﻪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ )ﻳﺰﺩ( ﻭ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪1/2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺠﺎﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺗﻨﮓ ﻧﻈﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1386 -90‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﻤﺮ ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺷﺨﺺ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ )ﻳﺰﺩ( ‪ 21‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺒﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﻨﺮﺑﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺲ ﻣﺴــﻜﻨﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﻚ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺭﻳﺎ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﻛﺎﺳﭙﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ‪ ,‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﮔﺲ ﻗﻴﺼﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﺎﺭﺿﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻠــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄــﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻗــﻒ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻫــﺪﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨــﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻗﻊﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺴﻴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻧﻘﺸﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣــﻦ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧــﺎﺹ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺸﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻌـﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑـﺎﺩ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨـﻰ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﮕﻮﺭﺍﻥ )ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ( ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻴﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ )ﻳﺰﺩ( ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻙ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﻴﻔــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺣﻔــﻆ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ )ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺁﺑــﺎﺩ( ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﺳــﺎﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻡ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ )ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧــﺲ( ﻭ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻫﺮﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼــﺺ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻘــﺶ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺿﺎﻣﻦ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻬﺪﻯﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﻠﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺿــﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺧــﺰﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﻴــﺖ »ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻰ ﺣﻮﺿــﻪ ﺧــﺰﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺑــﻰ« ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺮﺯ )‪(GWL‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻟﺮﺯﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﺁﻣــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﮔﺮﻩ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ ﭘﻮﺳــﺘﻪ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ )ﮔﻮﺷــﺘﻪ ﻓﻮﻗﺎﻧﻰ( ﻭ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﻛﺎﺳــﭙﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺯﻟﺰﻟﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺨــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺠﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺰﻣﻮﺗﻜﺘﻮﻧﻴﻚ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﮔﺴــﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺷﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﻓﻮﺗﻜﺘﻮﻧﻴــﻚ ﺩﮔﺮﺷــﻜﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﻳﺎ ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺸﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺿﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺱ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺗﻘﻰ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 2‬ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣــﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺶ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻜﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻴﻮﺑﻦ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ‪ 7‬ﺳــﺮﻓﺼﻞ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ژﺋﻮﺗﺮﻣــﺎﻝ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻮﺍﺑﺮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺸﻪﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﺑﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺁﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠــﻮﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺮﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺒــﺎﺩﻝ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻛﺎﺩﻣﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻤﻴﻨﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳــﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺛﻤﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳـﻊ »ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ« ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺗﻘﻰ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺒﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫــﺎ ﻫﻤﭽــﻮﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﭘﻴــﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﭼﻴــﻦ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻫﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺻﺎﺣﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻔﺮﺳــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺩﺳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﭼﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳــﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﻗﺪﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺏ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻜﺸﻴﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺍﻧـﺶ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴـﻮﻯﻫﺎ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻴﭗﻫـﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕﻫــﺎ ﻳﺎ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀــﺎﻯ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺗﻘــﻰ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻤﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻣﺪﻝﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻫﺎﻯﺗــﻚ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍ ﻓﻀــﺎ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻــﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺑــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﻠﻮﺹ ﺑﺎﻻ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳــﺰﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ‪ ،‬ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄــﻖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻــﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﻮﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﺕ ﻭ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺫﺍﺗﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻭ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻼﻗﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻴﻨﻴﺖ ﻣﻰﺑﺨﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺗﻨﻮﻉ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺳﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺎﺩﻕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﺸﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﻮﻇﻬﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎﻯﺗﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻬﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴــﺖ ﻋﻨﺎﺻــﺮ ﻭ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺧــﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﮔﺮﭼــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻤــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻪﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻣﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ؛ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻣﺘﺮﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪﺍﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺑــﺮﺩ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﻴﻔــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﺳــﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳــﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺧﺪﺍﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﺼﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻰﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺣﺴﺎﺳــﻴﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻼﺷــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺧﺎﻡ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻬﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ »ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺻﺤﺒــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺿﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻮﺍﻝ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫــﻢ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ« ﺑﺮ ﺿــﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺑﻪﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻫــﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤــﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﮕــﺬﺭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄــﻊ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺤﺎﻕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺫﻋــﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴــﺖ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻟﺒﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻦﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺒﺤﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺼﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﺻــﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺿﺒﻂ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﻝ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﺘﻰﻫﺎ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼــﻪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﻢ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ؟ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺸﻨﻮﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻴﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪economy@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪:‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺽ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﺶ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻫﻢ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﻬﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﻤﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﺪ؛ ﭼﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻜــﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺑﻰﭘﻨﺎﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺁﻥ؛ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺧﻮﺏ ﻋﻤــﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﻫﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﮔﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﺷﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻪ ﺭﺍﻫـﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻘﺶﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸﻨﻮﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺖ ﻧﺸﻮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻔــﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﺨﻢﻣﺮﻍﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫــﺎ ﺑﮕﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻘــﻂ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺩ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸـﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺟـﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻳﻌﻨــﻰ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺳــﻮﺩ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻧﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ﻫﻴــﭻﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﻮﺍﺱﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻼ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺒــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﺒﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﺰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻓﻜــﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣــﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺭﺍﻧﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻋﺎﻗﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺳﻤﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻌﺖ ﺷــﺨﺺ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳــﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻇﻠﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺑﻰﭘﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫــﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻓﺎﺿﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻄﺢ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻜﻴﻤﻴﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﻜﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴــﻢ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭼــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺻﻨــﺎﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻄــﻊ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺎﺿﻠــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻨﻜﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﻫﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﭘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬــﺎﺭﻩ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ‪ 4/5‬ﺗﺎ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫‪95‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻓﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻮﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗــﺎﻕ ﺍﺻﻨــﺎﻑ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺟﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺯﻳﺮ ﭼﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎﺗﻰ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻠــﻰ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻫــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻩ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﺑﺨﺖ‪ /‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺷﺐ ﻋﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﺨﺮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺷــﺎﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﺍﻍ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻻ ‪ 4‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻭ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ؛ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 4‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻧﻜﻨﻨــﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻼ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻭﺍﺳﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻻﻝ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻛﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﻓﻼﻧﻰ ﺩﻻﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ‪ ،‬ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻫــﻢ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ؛ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﺤــﺚ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮﻯ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻢ ﻭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﻨﻢ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﻣــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ‪ 95‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 24‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ‪ 25 ،‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺯﻭﺩﺗــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭﺷﺸﻢ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺸﺐ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩ ‪45‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺴــﺎﺏ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﻳﺰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻩﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠــﻪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺭﻓﺖﻭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺟﻨﺐ ﻭ ﺟﻮﺵ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻧﺴــﺒﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻩﺑﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻩﺑﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻴــﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻩﺑــﺎﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺼــﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺛﺒﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖﺳــﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻗﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻢ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸــﺖ ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻩﺑﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﻴﺐ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳﻰ ‪ 5000‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺯﺭﺩ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳﻰ ‪ 4500‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳﻰ ‪ 5000‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﻧﮕﻰ ﺷــﻴﺮﻳﻦ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳــﻰ ‪ 2000‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺗﻘﺎﻝ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳــﻰ ‪ 4500‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺗﻘﺎﻝ ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻳﻰ ‪5000‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﺪﻫﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻀﻼﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺎ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻭ ﻗﻮﻩ ﻗﻀﺎﺋﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺭﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺘﮕﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧــﻰ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺁﻧﻄــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺸــﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻧﺖ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣــﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺽ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﻢ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﻬﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟــﺖ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭼﻘـﺪﺭ ﻋﺎﻣـﻞ ﻧﻈـﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺿﻌـﻒ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﺭﻧﮓ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻧﮕﻴــﺰﻩ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺭﺍﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓــﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣــﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨــﺪﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻨــﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﮕــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫‪615‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﮔﻪ ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪4/12‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪615‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺷﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪2/38‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ 1394‬ﺑﻪ ‪4/39‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﻭ ‪ 95‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪90‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪615‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﺎﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪494‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫‪ 84‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪84‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧــﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺌــﺮﺍ ﻓﻴﻠﭙﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ »ﺳــﺎﭘﻴﻨﺘﺰﺍ« ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻘــﻂ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳــﻰ ﺑﺨﺮﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣــﺪﺕ ﻳﻜﺴــﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﺧﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻳــﻮﺭﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺧﻮﺩﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﻣﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻠــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﻟﻮﻛــﺲ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻫﻤﮕﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﺮﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴــﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺲ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻰﺧﺮﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 10‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴــﺎ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺳــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻏــﺬﺍ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻀﻤﻴﻦ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻗﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺨﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ »ﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ«‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﺭﻓﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﺩﺍﻧﺶ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺏﺳﺎﻳﺖ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻣﺠﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻠﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯﺩﺍﻧﺸﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳــﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻝ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﺍﺧﻼﻗــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯﺩﺍﻧــﺶ ﻋﻮﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻠﻤــﻮﺱ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻠﻤــﻮﺱ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺗﻜﻴــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﮔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻮﻓــﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﺼﺮﺕﺍﷲ ﺿﺮﻏﺎﻡ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻭﺳــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻜﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﺗﺎﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ؛ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺿﺮﻏﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻏﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 82‬ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻧﻘﺸﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻏــﺎﻡ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ )ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ( ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺳﻨﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪800‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺋﺰﻩ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫‪industry@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﻬﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕﻓﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﺭﻭﺯ ﺷـﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺷـﻐﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺴﻜﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫـﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳـﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﺮﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺳـﻮﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵﻫﺎ؛ ﺑـﺎ ﻧﻴﻢﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﻫـﺎﻯ ﺍﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺟﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﻭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺨﺸﺪ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻫﻦ ﺳﺒﺰ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺑﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺭﺩﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﻤﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳــﻜﻮﻧﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺍﻭﺗﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺨﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺳﻮﺩﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻔﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺑﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺷﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﭘﻴﺮﺯﻥﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﻣﺮﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﺪ‪،‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺒــﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﭘﺎﺭﭼــﻪﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺍﻧﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﺧﺸﻚ‪ ،‬ﻟﻮﺍﺷــﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻃﺮﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﻋﺰﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻫﺮﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻤﺎﻝ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻟﺒﺎﺱﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻓﺮﻭﺷـﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷـﻤﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷـﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷـﺮﻁ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﺎﻣـﻰ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷـﻐﻞ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺎﻫـﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﻭﺛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺟﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺳــﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﻓﺼﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪ ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ‪18‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ‬ ‫‪ 147‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻣﺜﻤﺮ ﺛﻤﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ‪250‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺳــﻒ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻼﻥﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﺋﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﭼﻨﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺴﺒﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﺩﻭﻳﺴﺖ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1335‬ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻜﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺮﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦﻓﻼﺡ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻨﻔﺪﺭﺍﺳــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑـﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﻏﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣـﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻰﻣﻬﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺧﺎﻛﺴـﺘﺮﻯ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑـﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺟـﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﭘﺮﻓﺮﻭﻍ ﺳـﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷـﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺮﺍﷲ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴــﻴﻦﻓﻼﺡ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼــﻚ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﮕﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻨﻔﺪﺭﺍﺳﻴﻮﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺱ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻜﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺭﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﻣﺠﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﻭ ﻗﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﻧﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﺨﺘﺺ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻳﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺸــﺎ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﮔﻮﺍﻩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﺟﻨﺎﺱ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺳﺖﺩﺭﺍﺯﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺸــﻢ ﺯﺍﺋﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻔﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪25‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺯﺍﺋﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺳﻮﻏﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸﻬﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻴﺐ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺳﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﻰﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺗﺎﺳــﻒ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺮﺍﺯﻳﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﻟــﻎ ﻫﻨﮕﻔﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﭼﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺁﺷــﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﺭﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﻮﻏﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄــﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﻮﺭﻧﺎ ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳــﺖ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﭘﺮﻭﺗﺰ ﻋﺼﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺤﻘﻘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﺎﺭﺍﻭﺍﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺯ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺳﺎﻳﻨﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺿﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﻧﺨﺎﻋﻰ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﻧﺨﺎﻋﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ‪ 18‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺩﻫﺶﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 50‬ﺳـﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷـﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕـﻮ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸـﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳـﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷـﺪﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ؛ ﺑـﺎ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼـﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺸـﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑـﺰﺭگ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑـﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺳـﺮﺍﻧﻪ ‪ 26000‬ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪3/6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ‪ 10‬ﺳـﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴـﺮ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺍﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷـﺪ ﺳـﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪8/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳـﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1965‬ﺗﺎ ‪2005‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ )‪ (OECD‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻴﺸـﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳـﺖ؛ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺍﻭﺝ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ‪2001‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪2013‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ‪2‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ‪12‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪24‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ 30‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻳﻚ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻫﺎﺩﻯﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﺘﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﻝ ﺭﺷــﺪﺵ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻓــﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ‪76‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﻤﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1980‬ﺗﺎ ‪2010‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫‪2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ‪8/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﺮﺝﻛﺮﺩ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻜــﻮﺱ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺮﺝﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪74/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1990‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪67/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺨﺎﺭﺝﺷﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪﻯ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪160‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋــﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ )‪(OECD‬‬ ‫ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﭘﺲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﻩﻭﻗﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻛﻢ؛ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷﻜﺎﻑ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﺜــﺎﻝ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‪ .‬ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻣﻘــﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊ ﻛﻤﺘــﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﻮﺟــﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴــﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻫﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ )ﺧﺎﻧــﺪﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﺑــﻮﻝ( ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ‪ :‬ﻫﻴﻮﻧﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺍﻝﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺴــﻮﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻰ ﻭﺿــﻊ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﺼﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﺑﻮﻝ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ ﭼﻬﺎﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﭘﺎﺭﻙﮔﻮﺋﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺟﺰﺋﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻛــﺮﻩ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧــﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺕﺁپﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻩ ﻋﻤــﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴــﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭘﻮﻳﺎ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﻭﺭﻟﺪ ﺍﻛﻮﻧﻮﻣﻴﻚ ﻓﻮﺭﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ :‬ﻟﻰﺟﻮﻧﮓﻭﺍ ‪ -‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪76‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻤﺶ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 14‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣــﻞ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ‪ 14‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﺼﺮﺍﻟﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﺮﺩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪7‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺳﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ‪ 14‬ﺧﻮﺷﻪ ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢﺑﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺷــﻪ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕــﺮﺩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺣــﺮﺍﺯ ﻫﻮﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺩﺭﺱ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﭘﻠﻴﻜﻴﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺑﺎﻳــﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻭﻳﺲﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕــﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺒﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺑﺮﻗــﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫)‪ (communication‬ﺑــﻪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘــﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﻫﺎ )‪data‬‬ ‫‪ (transmission‬ﻣﻨﺘﻘــﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﺘﻔﺮﻡ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺣﺎﺟﻰﻣﻴﺮﺯﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈــﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻧــﺎﻡ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻀﺎﺭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﺑﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺳــﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺳﺮ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔــﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻭﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻤﻮﺱ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺳﻨﻞ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﮔﺮ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﻗﺪﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺜﺒــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺛﺒــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻚﻧﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻧﻤﻮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﻣﻨﻪ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ )ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻰ(‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺫﺧﺎﺋﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪22‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺑﮕﻴﺮﻯ ‪ 14‬ﺳﺪ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺮﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ‪3‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪110‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ‪ ،....‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺷﻤﻨﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺛﻤﺮﺑﺨﺶﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻫﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﺎﻧﺸﻴﻦ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻭﺭ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﻫﮕﺸﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘــﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄــﻮﺭ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈــﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺎﺭﻫــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻫﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺗﻤﺎﻣــﻰ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺷﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﺣﻞ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻖ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺛﻤﺮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ ﻣﻰﻛﺸــﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻓﻌﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﻨﻴــﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﻳﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺷــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﺷــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺷــﻨﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺭﺷﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜﺮﺩﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﻌﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺩﺳــﺘﻜﻢ ‪30‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻐﻞ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺑﺮ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺟﻮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺸﻴﻨﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻮﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﺴــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻴﺰﻧﺸﻴﻨﻰ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻤﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷــﺖ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣــﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 50‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻣﺜﺒﺘــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ؛ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﭘﺲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﻀﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻮﻕﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻــﻪ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ‪56‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2013‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ‪34‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2002‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1970‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2008‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑــﻰ ﻭ ﭼﻴــﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪economy@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺑﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫‪120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻐﻞ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ IT‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺤﻘﻖﺷــﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﻮﺍﻟﺤﺴــﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺮﻭﺯﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﻯﺗﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻳﺎﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻯﺗﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ‪120‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻓﻴﺮﻭﺯﺁﺑﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻯﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻳــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺁﻯﺗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ‪50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ )ﺁﻯﺳﻰﺗﻰ( ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ‪3850‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫)ﺁﻯﺳــﻰﺗﻰ( ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻓﺰﻭﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 7‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺮﺩﻳﭙﻠﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻧﺲ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻴﺴﺎﻧﺲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺁﻧﻜــﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜــﺮﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻫــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻳــﻞ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﺖﻭﺟﻮﻯ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﺁﻣﻮﺯﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 15‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪735‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬
‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﻤﺖ‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 16 - 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 15- 1438‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪ - 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ -735‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2053‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺒﻰ‬ ‫‪instagram.com/smtnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﻴﺤﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻌﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻓﻜﺲ‪88713730 :‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪88722732-3 :‬‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪88722735 :‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫‪info@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸـﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑـﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋـﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧـﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ -26‬ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ ‪64097‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ 63‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪1‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 227‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧـﺎﻣـﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪18‬‬ ‫‪Art@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺣﻀﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ )ﻉ(‪» :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺸﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﺒﺮ؛ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺁﻭﺭ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺸــﻬﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﻬﺪﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﻌﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳــﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻀﻤﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺻﻔﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻬﻨﻪ ﻗﺒﺎ ﺻﻔﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺳــﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺷﻌﺮ ﻗﺪﻳﻢ ﺷﻌﺮﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﻋﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﺮﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻠﻮﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺻﻔﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﺑﺮﻫﻨﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﭘﻮﺵ ﭼﻮ ﺍﻏﻨﻴﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻫﻢ ﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻳﺎ* ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﻨﺰ ﻭ ﻛﻴﺎ ﺑﻴﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻟﻢ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺴﻮﺱ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻋﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻔﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻄﻒ ﻣﻰﻧﻮﺍﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩ ﺭﻳﺰﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺤﻂ ﻣﺎ* ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﻳﺶ ﭼﻮ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻣﻰﻫﺮﺍﺳﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺷﻴﺮ ﺑﺮﻭ ﺑﻴﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﻛﻠﻴﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﻔﻠﻰ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫*ﻣﻴﻮﻩ ﻣﺼﺮﻳﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﻮﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫* ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻳﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻌﻠــﻰ ﺍﺩﻳــﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ‪92‬ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﻰ ﺩﻳــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺑﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺑﻌﺪﺍﺯﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻛﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﻜﺮ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﺗﺸﻴﻴﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﻳﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻙ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﺩﻳﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﺎﻋﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﻌﺮ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻃﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺩژﻡ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻫﺴــﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﮔﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﻓﻆ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﻮﻳﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺳﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪﻳﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺎﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺑﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮ ﻗﻠﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻭﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺩﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1303‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﮔﺰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻬﻀﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﭘﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﺑــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺏ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀــﺎﻯ ﻏﻼﻣﻌﻠــﻰ ﺣﺪﺍﺩﻋﺎﺩﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺻــﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬــﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍژﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﺮﺏ ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺏ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ‪ 153‬ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 190‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺧﻮﺏ ‪ 109‬ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺏ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍژﮔﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻨﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‪ ،‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪95‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍژﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺩﻳﻊ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟﻪ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﭼﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ؟‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺷﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻧﻌﻴﻤـﻰ‪ :‬ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻫــﻢ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻼﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﮔﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 23‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﺗﻮﮔﺮﺍﻑ ﻣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺠــﺖ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺟــﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺩﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻛﺒﺮﻯ ﺻﺤﺖ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﻛﻠﻴﭙــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫»ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ« ﭘﺨﺶ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪3‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻣﻬــﺪﻯ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻳﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪60‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳﺨﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻣﺪﻩﺍﻡ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺮ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﺸــﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺘﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟــﻪ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟﻪ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧﺲ ﺷــﻜﺮﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻄــﻪ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﺸــﺪﻡ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺁﻣﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺭﻓــﺖ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟــﻪ ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻠﺶ ﺑﺴﭙﺎﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻇﺎﻫــﺮ ﺻﻨﺪﻟﻰ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺤﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺗﻔﻜــﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﺷﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﭘﺨﺶ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮﻯ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﺷــﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﻚ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻬﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺑﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻴﺪﻯ« ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﻏﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 8‬ﺻﺒﺢ‬ ‫)‪ 30‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ( ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻰ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 16‬ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﺸﺖ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﮋﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻏﻰ ‪ -‬ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕﺮ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳــﻮﻥ ‪ -‬ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﺘــﻦ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ‪21‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﻳﻜﺸــﻨﺒﻪ‪ 29 ،‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﻣﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫‪ 8‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ )ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 30‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ( ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪» .‬ﺳﻪﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩ« ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪» .‬ﺳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩ« ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﺨﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ »ﺳــﻪ ﺳــﺘﺎﺭﻩ« ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫»ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ« ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 11‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺘﻦ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪» .‬ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻗﺮﺁﻧﻰ« ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﻑ ﺷﺪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﺎپ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﻧــﻢ ﺑﻨﻰﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣــﻦ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻟﻢ ﻟﺮﺯﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﺑﺮﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﻴﺎﺝ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻟــﻰ ﺟﺎﺑﻪﺟﺎ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻓﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺪﺭﻳــﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺷﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻨــﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧــﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻯ ﻫﻨــﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣــﺪﺕ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﻗﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺗﺸــﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﻡﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﺪﺭﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﺑﻄﺤــﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺳﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺑــﻰ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺁﺧﺮ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺠﺖﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺴــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﻢ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺭﮔﺬﺷــﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺖ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺠــﺎ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺶ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰﺍﺵ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﻗﺮﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻌﻨﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ »ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻮ« ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ‪ 300‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﺷﻨﺒﻪ )‪ 30‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ( ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ‪10:30‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺍﻓﻖ ﭘﺨﺶ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺻﺮﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫‪management@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻭ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﻘﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻦ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻦ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺕ ﺧﻠﻮﺕ ﻣﻴﺸــﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺕ ﺑﺮﺳــﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪﺍﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺰﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺟــﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﺮگ ﺷــﻮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺷــﺘﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮگ ﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺷــﻮﺧﻰ ﺑﺎﻣﺮگ ﻋﺰﻳــﺰﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻪ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻃﻨﺎﺯﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﻣــﺮگ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﻫﺮگ ﺣﻴــﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﻦﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ؟ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﮔﺮﮔﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺎﻙ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﺎﺳﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﻙ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻦﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫»ﻛﺎﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺠﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎﺳﺖ«؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﮔﺮﻩ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺑﺨﺎﻧــﻪ ﺧﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺎﺵ ﺍﺯﻝ ﺑﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺁﺭﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﺍ؟«‬ ‫ﻭﻟــﻰ ﻣﺮگ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻫﻮﺷــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺻــﺪﺍﻯ ﻟــﺬﺕ ﺑــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺤﻈﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺪﺭﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﻍ ﻃﺮﺏ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺷــﺒﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺴﻮﺱ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﻰ ﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻛﻰ ﺷﺪ«‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻴﻚ ﺗﺎﻙ ﺳﺎﻋﺖ ﻗﺪﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺑﺰﺭگ ﺭﺥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺸﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺪ ﻛﺸﻴﺪﻥ ﻛﻮﺩﻛﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻧﮕﺮﻳﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺮگ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻟﺤﻈﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺩﻳﺪﻡ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺎﺩﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﻮﺷﻢ ﭘﺮ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺴــﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺘﻴــﺪﻥ ﺍﺗﻮﻣﺒﻴﻞ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪40‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻡ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻛﺮﺩﻧﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺳﺨﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣــﺮگ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺼﺖ ﺳــﺎﻟﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﻮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻫﻢ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻋﺎﺷﻘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﻭﻫﺎﻳﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﮕﺸﺎﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺎﻻ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷــﻨﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻳﻖ ﺫﻫﻨﻢ ﻣﻰﻧﺸﻴﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺸﻜﻰ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣــﺎﻻ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻣــﺮگ ﻳــﻚ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﺷــﻖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﻴﻖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻛﺴﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻟﻨﺰ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ‪» ،‬ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ«‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺭﻓﻴﻖ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﻓﻴﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮگ ﻳﻚ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﭼــﻢ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺍﻓﺮﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺮگ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻫﻤﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﻓﻬﻤﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨــﺪ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻰﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻼ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﻳﺎ ﺷــﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﻪ ﻓﺮﻗﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻣﻔﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻝﺧﺴــﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺐ ﻋﻴﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ ﻭ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻓﻬﻤﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻭ ﻋﻴﺪﻯ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻧﺶ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻓﻬﻤﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﻢ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺳﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺁﻭﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻃﻨﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺭﻯ ﻧﺒﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻــﺪﺍﻯ ﺧﻨﺪﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠــﻢ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻨــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ »ﭘﻴﺘﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺘــﺮﻯ« ﻣﻰﺷــﻨﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻮﺧﻰﻫﺎﻳﺶ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻣﻴــﺰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻃﺮﻑﺗــﺮ ﺩﺭ »ﺯﺭچ« ﻣﻰﺷــﻨﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻠﻚﻫﺎﻳــﺶ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺩﻋﻮﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺮﺳــﺎﻟﻪﺍﺵ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻴﭽﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰﺍﺵ ﻧﺮﻓﺘــﻢ ﻣﻰﺷــﻨﻮﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻧﻰﻣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻃــﺮ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺳــﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﮔﺎﺭ ﺗﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ...‬ﻳﺎﺩﺵ ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﻰ ‪ /‬ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺏ ﻓﺎﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮگ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﭼﻢ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺍﻓﺮﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‬

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