صفحه قبل

روزنامه صمت شماره ۷۲۵

صفحه بعد

روزنامه صمت شماره 725

روزنامه صمت شماره 725

‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕﺧﻮﺑﻰﺑﺎﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 725‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫‪i - http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫‪h // l‬‬ ‫‪/‬‬ ‫‪ 16‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ 1000 :‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﻭﻛﺲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷــﻮﻳﻢ؟ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ؟ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻘﺪﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻓﮕــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﺪ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﻃﻌﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻏــﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﻭﺷﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪ 6-5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻗــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯﻓﺮﺻﺖﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﺩﻟﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘــﻰ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺳﻴﺪﺣﺴــﻦ ﻗﺎﺿــﻰ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ« ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻨﻰ ﺑﺎ »ﺳﻴﺮﻭﺱ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﺣﺎﺻﻠﻰ« ﺍﺯ ﻭﻯ ﺩﻟﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪» .‬ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺯﺍﺭﻉ ﻧﮋﺍﺩ« ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻛﻞ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪) :‬ﭘﻨﺠﺸــﻨﺒﻪ( ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻼﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﺑﺪﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ‪ ،‬ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺍﺩﺣﺎﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻝ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﺱ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻜﺎﻟﻤﻪ ‪4‬ﺩﻗﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻯ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪» :‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 470‬ﺷــﻬﺮ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺳــﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺣﻼﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻥ ﺷﺎءﺍﷲ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ«؛ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪» :‬ﻣﺮﻳﺪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻢ‪ «.‬ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺤﻖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮ ﻛﻞ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﭘﺰﺷــﻜﻰ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻟﺠﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫــﻰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺪﺭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺽ ﺍﺭﺍﺩﺕ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺣﺮﻛــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻨﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻟﺠﻮﻳــﻰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻉﻧﮋﺍﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻡ ﺁﺭ ﺁﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺵ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌــﻰ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺁژﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﻧــﻮ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮﭼــﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﺗﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻓﺼﻠﻰ ﺁژﺍﻧﺲ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫»ﻳﻮﻛﻴﺎ ﺁﻣﺎﻧﻮ« ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺁژﺍﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﭘﻨﺠﺸــﻨﺒﻪ ﺷــﺐ ﺑﺎ »ﺭﻛﺲ ﺗﻴﻠﺮﺳﻮﻥ« ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺟﺰﻳﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺷــﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺁﻣﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﺷــﻨﮕﺘﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ 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ºf§€³Y€«½ZƨY½Zf‡Y{[ԓZ§Á[Md À½ÓZ ‬‬ ‫{‪Ö//ŒË|¿YÁ{d¸°Ì//‡Âe»d À½Y€´f ÀÖ//ŒË|¿Y€Ë{įÖ·Zu‬‬ ‫‪ÕY€]Öf·Á{ÕZÅ{ZÆ¿Ö//y€]Õ|m¹Y|«YÄ¿Zfz^//‹Ây,Ã{€¯Á{ZÆ¿MYY‬‬ ‫¿‪½Z³|ÀÀ¯|Ì·ÂeYÕZ̈]d¸°Ì‡Âe»hv]{¶¬¿Á¶¼u½Z³ÁZ¿ՁZ‡Â‬‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫‪16‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻧﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1989‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﻮﺍﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﺳــﻮﺍﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺎﻩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭﺣﺸﺘﻨﺎﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﺨﺖﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻋﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺁﻥﻗﺪﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺍﻧﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺠﻮﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻣﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻔﺴﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪» ،‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴــﺎ« ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﻜﺪﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧــﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧــﺪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﮔﻼﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺻﻞ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫‪ 20 ،10‬ﻭ ﺣﺘــﻰ ‪ 30‬ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻛﻨﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴــﺎ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖﺁﻣﻴــﺰ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﻜﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﻜــﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﮕــﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﻭ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳــﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ »ﭼﺮﺍ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺳــﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻳﺪ؟« ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ »ﻣﻌﺮﻛﻪﮔﻴــﺮﻯ« ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻫــﻰ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﺴــﺎﺋﻠﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ »ﺍﺣﺘﻤــﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ« ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪﻳﻢ ﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ »ﺁﺗﺶ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ«‬ ‫ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴــﺎ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻐﺰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻬﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ«‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨــﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻧــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻔﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﺣﻘﻮﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺠﻮﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺴــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻭﺳــﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻣﻴﻠﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺳــﻮﺩﺟﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﺁﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻀﺎﺡ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ«‪.‬‬
‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻡ ‪88‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﮕﺬﺭﺩ ‪8‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 88‬ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺳﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﻨﺠﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺟﺰﻭ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﻗﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻠﺦ ﺁﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﺶ ﺣﺎﺷــﻴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺟﻨﺠﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 88‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻄﻮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧــﺎﺕ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺘﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 88‬ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﺳــﺨﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 87‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺻﻼﺣﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻮﻡ ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘــﺖ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻭﻻﻳﺘــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺍﻫﻰ ﭘﺎﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﺗﻠﺦ ‪ 88‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧــﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮءﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳﺴﺘﻰ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻣﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‪ /‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫‪management@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺍﻭ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳــﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧــﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1989‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧــﺎﻡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﻮﺍﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﺍﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻨﺎﻩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻓﺸــﺎﮔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪﻛﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺴــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﻮﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﺱ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮ ﺳﻮءﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺸﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺧﺮﺍﺝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺘﻰ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩ ﻓﺎﺳــﺪ‪،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺩ ﻓﺎﺳــﺪ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺍﻓﺸــﺎﮔﺮ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﺳــﻮﺕﺯﻥ ‪whistler‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﺍﺯﺁﻥﻛــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﻠﻴﺲ ﻭ ﻋﺪﺍﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻩﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ »ﺁﻛﺎﺩﻣﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ« ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻟﻢﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﻣﻨﺪﺗﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﺗﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﻳﺾ ﻭ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺍﻳﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﺳــﺮﻭﺻﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻗﺖ ‪ 3‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩﻯ ﺗﺎ ﮔﻢﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻛﻞ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﺑﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺮﻣﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﻴﺰﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺗﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻣﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ »ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳــﻮﺕ« ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺕ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﺴﻮﺯ ﻭ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺸﻨﻮﻳﻢ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‪،‬ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻳــﻚ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧــﮕﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﺑﻰ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻭ ﻧﮕﻪﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺣﺪﻭﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻂ ﻗﺮﻣﺰﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ »ﺳﻮﺕ« ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ »ﻭﺍﺗﺮﮔﻴــﺖ« ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﻧﻴﻜﺴــﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻋﻜﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻋﻜﺎﺳﻰ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺗﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺛﺒــﺖ ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻟﺤﻈﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻴﻮﺗﺮﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻭﻳﺨﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣــﻮﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﺁﮔﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣﻮﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻼﻥ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻓﺘــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﻭﺻﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻧﻴــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺳــﺖﺭﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭙﻴﺴــﻢ ﻫﻢ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﻠﺤﻪ ﻭ ﺯﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺮﺱ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻨﮕﺮﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ ﻛﺮﻩﺷﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺮﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‪،‬ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺤــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻃﻮﻟﻰ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺸﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺳﻮﺕ ﻫﺮ ﺷﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺷــﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﻮﺕ« ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﺍﻓﻜﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ »ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳﺎﻳﻪ« ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺯﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮﺟﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ »ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺳــﻮﺕ« ﻭ ﺗﻌﺮﻳــﻒ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺸﺎﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻓﺴﺎﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻗﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻨﻨﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻗــﻮﻩ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻴﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﺕ ﺯﻧﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪﺳــﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺳﻮﺕ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻳﮕــﺮﺍﻥ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻄﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺕ ﻗﺮﻣﺰ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻛﻒ ﻭ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﮔﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺴــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﺗﻮﻟﻪ ﺭﻧﺞ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺳﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻳﺪ‪َ .‬‬ ‫‪editor@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ )ﺍﻛﻮ( ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﺼﻤﻢ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﺷﻨﺒﻪﺷــﺐ ﻭ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻛﻮ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺳﺨﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻛﻮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻗﺪﻡﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺰﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟــﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫــﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻛﺘــﺮ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺟﺎﻧﺒﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﺖ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳــﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﭘﺎﻛﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻭ ﺟﺎﻧﺒــﻪ ﻭ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺯ ﭘﺎﻛﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺷﺤﺎﻝﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻛﻨﺶ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﻮﻫﺶ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 15‬ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺑﺠﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺩﺭﻭﻍ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺳــﻤﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ ﺧﻴــﺎﻝ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻔﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻏﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺗﻤﺪﻧﻰ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﺫﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺍﻫﺮﻡ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺟــﻮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ُﺣﺴــﻦ ﻫﻤﺠــﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﮕﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﺖ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﻰﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴــﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﻗﺎﺳﻤﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻰﺷﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﻭﻍ‪ ،‬ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺯﺵ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺻﻬﻴﻮﻧﻴﺴﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻓﻰﻣﺎﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻋﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻴﻤﻰ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺨﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻀﺮ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺣﻠﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣــﻮﻡ ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰﺭﻓﺴــﻨﺠﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ ﺁﻥﭼﻨﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﺠﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻰﻓﺮﺳــﺘﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪1‬‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺪﻋﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺘﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺎﻟــﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺒــﺎﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻯﮔﻴــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤــﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻰﺟﻬﺖ ﭘﺎﻯ ﺷﺮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﻭﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫»ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺲ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫»ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ »ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ« ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﻔﺮﺳﺘﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺷﺮﻉ ﺑﻨﺎﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻉ ﻭ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴــﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻋﻘﻞ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﻰﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﺎﻥ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺭﻓﺴﻨﺠﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺒــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻥﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑــﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺶﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰﺍﺵ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﻋﺸــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺗﺤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﺖﺍﷲ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺮﻋﺸﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺗــﻰﺍﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪ -‬ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ‪ -‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺎﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮓ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻫﺎﺷــﻤﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺸــﺎﻥ ﻗــﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺿﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫»ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ« ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻭ ﺯﺣﻤﺖ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻛﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﻳﺢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺭﺳــﺎﻝ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻬﺮﺳــﺖ ﻣﻐﺎﻳﺮﺕﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺧﻼﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﺷــﺮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‪،‬ﭘﺲ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻓﻘﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻉ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖﻫﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺍﺭﺗﺶ ﺳﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﺭﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﻋﺶ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﺪﻣﺮ)ﭘﺎﻟﻤﻴﺮﺍ( ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻯ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮ »ﮔﺎﮔﻨﺎﻭ« ﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻠﻦ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻘﻴــﻢ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺳــﻔﻴﺮ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺶ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺫﺍﺷﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻧﺸﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻯ ﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻼﺱ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ »ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﻣﺸــﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻠــﻖ ﭼﻴﻦ«؛ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺟﻊ ﺭﺍﻳﺰﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ »ﺷــﻰ ﺟﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﻨﮓ« ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺣﺰﺏ ﻛﻤﻮﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﻴــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺘــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺷــﻬﺮ ﭘﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪﺑــﻦ ﺣﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻋﺮﺏ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﻮﺭﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺷــﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﻣﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻮﺍﺩ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻠﺴــﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺍﻏﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ« ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ‪ 7‬ﺷﻬﺮﻳﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻧﮕﺎﺭ »ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ« ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺘﻢ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻏﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺋﻴﺘﺮ ﻧﻮﺷﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫»ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻢ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻗــﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻢ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺻﻼ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻧﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﺎﻳﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭻ ﻣﺴــﺌﻠﻪ ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻡ‪ .‬ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﻋﺬﺭﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺿﻰﭘﻮﺭ ﻃﻠﺒﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺸﻮﺩ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺨﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﻫﻨﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﻴﻔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﻗﺪﻳﻤــﻰ ﺍﺭﺩﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺁﻧــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ‪ 96‬ﺍﺯ ﺣﺴــﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻣــﺰﺩ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪﺭﻭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﻴﻒ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷــﻰ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺒﺘﻼ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻣــﻮﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻜــﺮﺩ ﺑﻰﻣﻨﻄــﻖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪﺟﻮﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺟﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺩﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﻮﺳــﺘﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻴﻒ ﺍﻋﺘﺪﺍﻟﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻏﺎﻓﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺟﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻫﻨﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ‪ 92‬ﻣﺸــﻰ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻫﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻮﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺟﺒﻬﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ؛ ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺟﺒﻬﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺍﻥ ﺧﻂ ﺍﻣﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻌﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪» :‬ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻮﻟﮕﺮﺍﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﻭﺍﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡﻃﻠﺒﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪«.‬‬
‫‪ 3‬ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 725‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪156‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪156‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺧﺒﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻭﺳــﻴﻤﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺑﺎﻗــﺮ ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 3‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪160‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼــﺮﺥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺳﻬﻤﻴﻪ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪.‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺗﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﺑــﻖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﺪ‪.‬ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪294‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪178‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ‪9‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴــﺎﺏ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 9‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪7/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﻧﻮﺑﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﺰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﺏ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪8/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪6/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪70‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ‪65‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﭘﻼﺳﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨــﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻠــﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪65‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﻠــﻎ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﻼﺳﻜﻮ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺩﺭﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻨﺴﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠــﺖ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﭘﻼﺳﻜﻮ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ‪ 8‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻫﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺳﭙﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﻭ ‪ 7‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺁﺗﺶﺳﻮﺯﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﭘﻼﺳﻜﻮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 8‬ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﻫﻮﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺳــﻘﻒ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫‪700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪65‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻛﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻣﻐﺎﺯﻩﺍﻯ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﻡ ‪7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺁﻥ ‪7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺧﺴــﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﮔﻮﺩﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ 4 :‬ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻤﻪﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻼﺳﻜﻮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫‪700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪ 12/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻘﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻭ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻘﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤــﺪ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﻮﺩﻭﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻋــﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻥ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ )ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻭ‪ ،(...‬ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﻧﺎﺯﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﺟﻤــﺎﻉ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ )ﻣﺸﺘﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ(‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺭﻭﺍﺑــﻂ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜــﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺸــﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﻘﻒ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ‪2009‬ﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻭ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺣﻜــﻢ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻀﻮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﺗﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻜﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻳﺎﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺏ ﺳﻴﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻣﺎﻧﺖ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺍﺑﻖ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻣﺤﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ »ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺻﻨﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ« ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻜﻤﻰ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﺍﺷﻰ ﺯﻳﻦﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻓــﻊﻣﻮﺍﻧــﻊﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏﻛــﺮﺩ‪.‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩﻭﺯﻳﺮﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥﻭﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻰﺍﺯﺍﻳﻦﺣﻜﻢﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﺍﺳﺖ‪:‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺍﻣﻮﺭﺟﺎﺭﻯﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻭﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ‪،‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕ‪،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺣﻞ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪،‬ﺩﺭﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊﻟﺰﻭﻡﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯﺣﻀﻮﺭﻣﻴﺪﺍﻧﻰﻭﺷﺮﻛﺖﺩﺭﺟﻠﺴﺎﺕﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﻢ ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺟﻨﺎﺑﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻤﻰ ﻋﺒﺪﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ﺍﻣﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺏ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺟﻨﺎﺑﻌﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﺸﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﻮﺛﺮﺗﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻓﻴﻖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮﻳﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﻴــﺺ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻭ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ )ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ( ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘــﻰ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪12‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ‪7/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪12‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪7/11‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ )ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ(‪،‬‬ ‫‪7/6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪0/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫)ﺑــﺮ ﻣﺒﻨــﺎﻯ‪ (1390=100‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ‬ ‫‪ 1395‬ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 249/9‬ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪0/4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫)ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﻄــﻪ(‪7/6 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ )‪7/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ(‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 0/55‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ ﺩﺭ ‪12‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻬــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ‪ 1395‬ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ )ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ(‪7/1 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻯ ‪1395‬‬ ‫)‪7/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ(‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫»ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﺷﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺧﺎﻧﻴﺎﺕ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ‪ 273/7‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻣــﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪0/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ »ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺁﺷــﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺎﻧﻴﺎﺕ« ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪8/2‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 12‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ‪ 1395‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪6/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻬــﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻯ ‪6/7) 1395‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ(‪،‬‬ ‫‪0/1‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ »ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫﺎ« ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺪﺩ ‪ 269/9‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ‪0/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ »ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰﻫــﺎ« ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪7/9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ‪ 12‬ﻣﺎﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ‪6/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻤــﺪﻩ »ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣــﺎﺕ« ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ ‪ 1395‬ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫‪ 234/0‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ‪0/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﮔــﺮﻭﻩ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ ‫»ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﺧﻮﺭﺍﻛــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ«‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫‪7/2‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ‪12‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ‪7/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗــﻮﺭﻡ ‪12‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻯ ‪1395‬‬ ‫)‪7/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ(‪ 0/2 ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻭﻧﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻴﺤﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩﭘﺎ‬ ‫‪industry@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻭﺵ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 40-30‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﺸﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺯﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻧﻌﻤــﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻣﻮﺛــﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ‪ 8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻓﮕــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﻃﻌﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﺎﺟﻰ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺘﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﻭﺷــﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺜﻞ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫‪ 6-5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻗﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺣﺮﻑﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻓﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﻭﺵ ﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻦ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻄﺮﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ ﻋﺎﺷــﻖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺳﻴﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻗﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ‪ 40-30‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺷــﺒﻴﻪ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﺸﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻳﻬﺎ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﺩﻡ ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗــﻚ ﺗﻚ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺭﻭﺧﻮﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺳﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 4‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺁﻣــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺭﻓﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ‪ 30‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻴــﭻ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫــﻢ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻢ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻢ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻮﺍ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻗﻤــﻰ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺻﺮﻑ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈــﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺗﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﺯﻥ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﻤﻰﺁﻳــﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﻭ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﭘﺸــﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴــﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪ 8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺷﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻮﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ‪ 8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﮔﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺷﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﺎﻓﻌﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺗﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﭘﻴﺸﺒﺮﺩ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻚ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻓﻌﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ‪800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻳﻚﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻪ؟‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﺪﻑ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﭼﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳــﻦ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﺺ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻣــﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺷﺎﻓﻌﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺳــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ‪450‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ‪5/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺴــﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺷﻤﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2025‬ﻡ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺛﻘﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ‪67‬ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺑﺮﻳﺸﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﻓﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻓﻌﻰ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺁﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺑﻘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺑﺮﺑﻴﺎﻳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺻﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﺍﺯ ‪ 152‬ﺩﺭﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ‪120‬‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺭﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻟﺠﺴــﺘﻴﻚ ﻭﺿــﻊ ﻣﺎ ﭼﻨــﺪﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭﻟــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺒﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ‪ 50‬ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﻬﺎﺭﻡ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 55‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 38‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫‪ 2/7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ‪7/2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 38‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 4/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪1370‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪7‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﻭﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪ 55‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ‪ 38‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 3/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ‪ 16/5‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪4‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 800‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺎﺭ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2011‬ﻡ‬ ‫‪ 1389-1390‬ﺍﻭﺝ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 130‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ) ‪ ( 2015‬ﺑﻪ ‪ 63‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻏﻠﺒﻪﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪16 .‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ‪16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 700‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﺶ ﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﺶ ﻏﻠﺒــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑــﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺮﺩﺷــﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ‪ 936‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2008‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 188‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 57‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑــﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﺸــﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 80‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﻭﺷﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻞ ﺧﺮﺩﻩﻓﺮﻭﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ‪9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﺮﺳﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺧﺮﺩﻩﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2015‬ﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻳﻚﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪2014‬ﻡ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪ 1/1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﺴــﻰ ﺭﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻠﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻛﻨﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻫﻴﭻ ﮔﺎﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻘﺐ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻭ ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﻟﻬﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻣﺪ ‪5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﺨﺶ ﻛﺎﻻ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑــﻪ ‪8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺳﻬﻢ ﭘﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ‪55‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ژﺍﭘﻦ ‪66‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﻛــﻪ ‪ 60‬ﺗﺎ ‪65‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻤﻬﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ‪32‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ ‪ 29‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻼﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻭ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻗﺎﻧﻊ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻪ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﻪﺟﺎﻧﺒــﻪ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺍﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1383‬ﻭ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 144‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻓﻖ ‪ 1404‬ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺪﮔــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﻭﻥ ﮔﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻀﻮﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ‪9/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪8/8‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ‪84‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷﺪﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 12/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻌﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 41‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 92‬ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﺍﺯ ﻭ ﻧﺸﻴﺐ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺭﻗﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺷﺪﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻨﮓ ﺑﻪ ‪ 6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 80‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺳــﺘﻰ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺗﺎ ‪ ،56‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ‪ 8‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 57‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 68‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 70‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 90‬ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 2‬ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ‪16‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺠﺎ ﻣﻰﮔــﺬﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 80‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻓﻮﺭ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻯ ﻫﻠﻨﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺗﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 90‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 92‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺭﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺸــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 91‬ﻭ ‪ 92‬ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻫﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 80‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪ 1400‬ﻋﻘﺐ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 91‬ﻭ ‪ 92‬ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 13‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﮔــﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪ 13‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 40‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻯ ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖﺯﺩﺍ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 1/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺳﻨﺎﺭﻳﻮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻭﻥﮔﺮﺍ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻜﻰ ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ؟ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫‪ 12/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺳﺎﺑﻖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻜﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﺪﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻗﻄﻊ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻬﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﮕﺮﺍ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮﻩ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺭﻭﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺍ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺩﻳﺪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫‪266‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫»ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ« ﺩﺭ‬ ‫»ﺑﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ«‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‪ 725‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪ 8 2043‬ﺻﻔﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻳﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺯﻭﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺳﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ؛ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻛﻨﺴﺮﺳــﻴﻮﻣﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺳــﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻞﮔﻬﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘــﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﺗﺎ؛ ﺍﺳﺪﺍﷲ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻋﺖ ‪ 10‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺳﻪ ﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 10‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 17‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 10‬ﺻﺒﺢ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺩﺭﭘﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﻮﺍﻫــﻰ ﺻﻼﺣﻴــﺖ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺿﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺤﻮﻩ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ؛ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻛﻞ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻰ ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻡ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﺍﻣﺘﻴــﺎﺯ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﭘﺬﻳــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻜﺘﺸــﻔﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ( ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳــﺶ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﻰ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻛﻢ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬
‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﭼﻴﻨﺎﻟﻜﻮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﭼﻴﻨﺎﻟﻜــﻮ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻨﺎﻟﻜﻮ ﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﺑﻌﻪ )ﭼﺎﻟﻜﻮ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟﻴﻜﻮ( ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺯﻳﺮﺳﺎﺧﺘﻰ‬ ‫)ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻕ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ( ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 97‬ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ‪ 300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺗﺎ ‪ 800‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ‪1/6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﻟﻮﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﻴﻨﺎﻟﻜﻮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﻝﻫﺎ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ »ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺻــﺪ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ«‪» ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ« ﻳﺎ »ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨــﺎ«‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‪ ،‬ژﺍﻧﮓ ِﭼﻨﮓ ژﻭﻧﮓ )‪(Zhang Chengzhong‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋــﻢ ﻣﻘــﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﻴﻨﺎﻟﻜــﻮ )‪ (CHINALCO‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ‪ HSE‬ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪» :‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺲ ﭘﺮﺱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴــﺮ ﻭﻟﺪﺧﺎﻧﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻏﺮﻓﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﻧﺰﺩﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺯﻳﺴــﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣــﺲ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻛﻴــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﺲ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺴﺖﻣﺤﻴﻄﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳــﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫــﺮ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺗﺒﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺯﻳــﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﺤــﻞ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺪﺧﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺩﺷﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ‪ HSE‬ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺨﺘﮕﻴﺮﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎ ﻫﻤﻴﺸــﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻄﻠــﻮﺏ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ ﻣﺲ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻫﺮﺟﺎ ﺁﺳﻴﺒﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻳﺮﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﻗﺮﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻧﻌﻘﺎﺩ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻜﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﻭ ﻃﻰ ﻣﺴــﺎﻋﺪﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻒ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ‪ 350‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪ 350‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻋﻠﻨﻰ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻋﺼﺮ ﺳﻪ ﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ‪ 133‬ﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓــﻖ‪ 27 ،‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﺘﻨﻊ ﺍﺯ ‪ 206‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 7‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻗﻰ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻨﺪ‬ ‫)ﺏ( ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 54‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ‪ 26‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻟــﻰ ﺟﺪﻭﻝ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ ،10‬ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪3500‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ(‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻏﻴﺮﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ‪ 107‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ‪ 42 ،‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺨﺎﻟــﻒ ﻭ ‪ 4‬ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻤﺘﻨﻊ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪ 210‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 11‬ﻻﻳﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻗــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ‪-130‬‬ ‫‪ 530000‬ﺩﺭ ﺟــﺪﻭﻝ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 9‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳــﻨﻞ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺩﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﭼﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪﺍﻯ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻃﺎﻫﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﭼﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﭘﻜﻦ )‪ ،(BGRIMM‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻧﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻣﻨﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺣﻤﻞ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻫﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻧﮓ‬ ‫)‪ (Han long‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻜــﻦ ﻭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻫﻤــﺮﺍﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ – ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﮕﻔﺘﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ -‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛــﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﻭ ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭ ‪ 95‬ﻃﻰ ﺳــﻔﺮ ﺩﻛﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ‪ 4 ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ »ﺗﺒﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ«‪» ،‬ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ«‪،‬‬ ‫»ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻤﻴﻨﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲﻫﺎ« ﻭ »ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩﻯ« ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘــﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﭘﻜﻦ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 70‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺗــﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﭼﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺻﺪﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻼﻃﺎﻫﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺣــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﭘﺬﻳﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻜﺘﺸــﻔﺎﻥ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﻛﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ( ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫)ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ( ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺶ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺧﺒﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺷــﻰ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻛﻢﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻛﻢ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻣــﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﻠﻰﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻏــﻰ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 93‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ‪ 250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ‪25‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ‪ 50‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪200 .‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ‪ 50‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪ 180‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ »ﭘﻬﻨــﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻠــﻰ ﻣﺘــﺎﻝ ﮔﻠﻮﺟﻪ ﺯﻧﺠــﺎﻥ«‪» ،‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﭼﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﺷــﻪ ‪1‬ﻭ‪ 2‬ﻳﺰﺩ«‪» ،‬ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻛﺸﻒ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﺕ ﺷﻜﺮﺁﺏ ﺍﺻﻔﻬﺎﻥ« ﻭ »ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﻃﻼﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻜﻮﺋﻴﻪ ﻗﺰﻭﻳﻦ« ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﻣﺤﺮﺯ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺁﻳﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑــﺰﺭگ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺑﺎ ﻫــﺪﻑ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺮﺍﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺷــﺮﺍﻛﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﻜــﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﺎﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ‪ 100‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘــﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻘﺐﻣﺎﻧﺪﮔﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﺑﺎﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﺎﺩﺍﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻــﺮ ﻧــﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﻳﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ‪ 3‬ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪) .‬ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ 130 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ(‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ ﺳــﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺰ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻫﻤــﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢ ﺑﺮﻭﻛﺮﺍﺳــﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪﺍﻯ‪ ،‬ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 10 ‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﻣﺮﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺮﺽ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻒ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷــﻚ ﻣﻌﺎﺵ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻨﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓــﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻠﻜــﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ 10 ،‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻓﻐﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﺗﺎ ‪ 20‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 50 ‬ﻫـﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘـﺮ ﻣﺮﺑـﻊ ﻋﻤﻠﻴـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﺩﻳﺐ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 92‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ‪ 50‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﭘﻬﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺳــﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻮﭼﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻤﻨﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺁﺫﺭﺑﺎﻳﺠﺎﻥﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺿــﻮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ‪ 20‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧــﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻯ ‪ 331‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‪ 22 ،‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‪ ،‬ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻴــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻮﻣﺎﻟﻰ ‪15‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻓــﻖ‪ 100 ،‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ‪ 4‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻧﻮﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ‪ ،21 A‬ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳـﺶ ﺣﺠـﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﺻـﺮ ﻧـﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﻟﻤﺎﺯ ﺍﻓﺴــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻃﺮﺣﻰ ﻧﻮﭘﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 93‬ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﺗﺎ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻤﺶ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭ ﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 24‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺳــﻨﮕﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻓﺴــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧــﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 300‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ‪ 10‬ﺁﻧﻮﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﻕ ﺑﺎﻓﻖ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻰ ﮔﺰﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ 65‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻛﻰ ﻛﺸــﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 5‬ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻨﺎﺩ ﺍﺻــﻞ ‪ 138‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺧﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺻــﺪﻭﺭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺳــﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻻﻣــﺮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻫــﻢ ﻣﺸــﻤﻮﻝ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﻌﻬــﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﻛﻪ ‪ 30‬ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻤﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫»ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ« ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒــﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺍﺭﺯ‪ ،‬ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺷﺪﻩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ »ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ« ﺑﺎ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺭﻓﻊ ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﺭ ﺍﻣــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻛﺸﺘﻰﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓــﺎﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 81‬ﻭ ‪ 83‬ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻳﻜﺴﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﺮﻯ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃــﻖ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻻﻣﺮﺩ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻴﺴﺖﻭ ﻫﺸﺘﻢ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 725‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﭙﻴﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺟﻌﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳــﻦ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ؟ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﻰﺧﺒﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻛﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﻓﺎﻉ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 54‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺮ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺴــﺖ؟ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻄﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳــﻨﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺣﺬﻑ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 54‬ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻗﻴﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰﻫــﺎ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺍﻣﭙﻴﻨﮓ ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘــﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﺍﻣﭙﻴﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻳﻚ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺗﻬﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ ‪ 80‬ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﺍﻣﭙﻴﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺩﺍﻣﭙﻴﻨﮕﻰ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪4‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺳﻬﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫‪http://Telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir -‬‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺪﺍﻝ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫‪6‬‬
‫‪4‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭼﻴــﻼﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻴــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻜﻤــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻧﻌﻤﺖﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳــﺖ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻓﻠــﺰﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻧﺴﻮﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ ﻭ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺳــﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﻣﺤﺴــﻦ ﺧﺎﻛﺴــﺎﺭ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻗﺒﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﻠﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺧﺎﻛﺴــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺳــﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼــﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭﺭﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺎﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺕﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻼﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﻢﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﺮﻭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻡ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﺩﻭ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺰﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺗــﺎ ﻭﺯﻥ ‪ 100‬ﺗﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺼﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺯﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺧﺎﻛﺴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﭘﺮﺱ ﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﺎ ﭘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ‪ 6300‬ﺗﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺵ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﻭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﺳــﻨﮕﻴﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻥ ‪ 120‬ﺗﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗ ِﮋﻳﻚ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﭘﺮﺱ ﺧﺎﻭﺭﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﻏﻠﺘﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺯﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺳﻔﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪﮔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﺱ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ‪73‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ‪ 10‬ﻣﺎﻩ‪95‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )‪(IZMDC‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﻤﻦ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪73‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺳﺮﺏ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺩﺷﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﺳــﺎﺭﺟﻴﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺮﻛﻴــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻰ ﺗﻚﺗﻚ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫)‪ (IZMDC‬ﺩﺭ ‪ 10‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1395‬ﺗــﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﻬﻤــﻦ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪73‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪2‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺳــﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ‪3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ‪22‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺿﻤﻦ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1395‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﺘﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪85‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺳﻌﺪﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺗﻰ ﺷﻤﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﺏ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ ﻋﺮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‪ ،‬ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺻﻰ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺁﻧﻜﻴﺮﻭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻮﻓﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺖ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﻪ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻠﺪﻳﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺳﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺁﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺳــﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﻮﻟﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺋﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺎﺷــﻴﻦﺁﻻﺕ ﻣﺎﻧﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻣﺎگ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧــﻮﻉ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺮﺏ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﻜﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻯﺭﺑﻂ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻰ ﺗﻴﺮﺁﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﺸﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺟــﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻬﺮﺳﺖ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 40‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪10‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗــﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻧﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻃــﻊ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭼﻴﻼﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻃﺎﻫــﺮﻯﺯﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﭘﻨﺠﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﻠﮕﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻴﺮﺁﻫﻦ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻤﺶ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺍﻋﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻳــﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 40‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻫﻢﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴﻪ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺁﻫﻦﻓﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‪ ،‬ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﺐ ﻣﻼﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪15‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ ﺗﻌﺪﻳــﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻳﺐ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤــﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺿﺎﻓــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳــﻞ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ‪ 20‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﻫﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻴﻠﮕﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻳــﺪ ‪ A‬ﻭ ‪ ،B‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪40‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬــﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺣﺮﺍﻣﻴــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺮﻭﺯ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻭ ﻧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻃﻊ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻨــﻮﻉ ﺯﻳــﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﺑﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻳﺪ ‪ A‬ﻭ ‪B‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﻠﮕﺮﺩ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﻨﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﻧﻈﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻋﻀــﺎ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺤــﻮﻩ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺗﻼﻃﻢ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻫﻢ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺮﺥﻫﺎ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﻴــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺸﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﻐﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧــﺪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧــﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺳــﺒﺐ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧــﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻗﻄﺐ ﻣﺜﺒــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴــﻮﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺣــﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ‪950‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 960‬ﺩﺭﺟﻪ ﺳــﺎﻧﺘﻴﮕﺮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﺨﺼﻮﺹ ﻣﻴﻜﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﺘﺮﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﻴــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺁﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴــﺎﺕ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﺎﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﮔﺮﻡ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺶﭘﺨﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺮﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺁﻧﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨــﺖ ﺁﻧــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺎ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺑﻴــﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ ﺁﻧﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺴﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻧﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺁﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺸﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭼﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﺍﻭﻳﻪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴــﻮﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻮﺭﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﻛــﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺟﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑــﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﺟﺮ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺨﺖ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﺑﻪﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻳﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺷﻜﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﺷﺎﻣﻮﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ‪ 50‬ﺗﺎ‬ ‫‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻧــﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﻪﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺑﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻄﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳﺮﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﻗﺖ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺧﺎﺹ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﭘﺨﺖ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﺟﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻮﺭﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﻥ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﻣﻴﺮﻛﺒﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴــﺎﺯ ﺁﺟﺮﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪30‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺁﺟﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺁﻟﻮﻣﻴﻨﻴﻮﻡﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻧﺴــﻮﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻔﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺁﺟﺮ ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻰﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦﺑﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﭼــﻪ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺗــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻮﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﺑﻪ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩﺍﺗﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﭘﻴﺶﺗﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﺟﺮﻫﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ‪96‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﻫﻴﭽــﮕﺎﻩ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻋﺎﻓﻴﺖﻃﻠﺒﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﻧﻮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﻭﻇﺎﻳــﻒ ﻣﺤﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﻧﻮﺭﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺝ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯﻛﻪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓــﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺶ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵ ﻫﺎﺕﺷﺎﺭژ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﻤﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠــﻪ ﻃﺮﺡﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ‪500‬ﻣﮕﺎﻭﺍﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﻜﻞ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻰ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠــﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﻥ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠــﻮ ﺭﺍ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻜﻤﻴــﻞ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻮﺭﺩ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺪ ﺍﺑﺮﻛﻮﻩ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ‪65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻮﺭﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻛﺎﻣﻞﺗﺮ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩﺗﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠــﻮ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ‪105‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﻫﻴــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫‪17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪35‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺑﺘــﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ‪17‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪28‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪215‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ‪28‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪215‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪35‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﻭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﺭﻳــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨــﺪﻩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺎﻭﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺶ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ‪ 1396‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪550‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺠﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻟﻪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﺭﺩﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ‪3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﻨﺪﻟﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﻓﻊ ﻭ ﻏﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﻭ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﭼﺮﺍ ﭼﺎﺩﺭﻣﻠﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺘﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺧﻮﺩﻣــﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻘﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴــﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﭘﺲ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻬﺰ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪9‬‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻨﺸــﺎء ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻮﺭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠــﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﻛﻼﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴــﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺍﻫــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﺳــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺳﻬﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳﺎﻳﻪﺭﻭﺷﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺨﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬ ‫ﺻﻜﻮﻙ‪ 20‬ﺗــﺎ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬــﺮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﻨﻄﻘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺘــﺮﻝ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑــﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻫﺮﮔﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻧﮕﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ‪ 3700‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻪ ‪3800‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚﺳــﺎﻝ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺯ ‪1000‬ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪3000‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﻳﺰﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﻫﺮﻭﻗﺖ ﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒــﻊ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻭﺿــﺎﻉ ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﻭ ﻫﺮﻭﻗﺖ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﺍﺻﻠــﻰ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﻛﺎﻫــﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ‪100‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﻋــﺎﺩﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣــﺎﻻ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ‪100‬ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‪ 50 ،‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﺛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509981046000686‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﺩﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻧﺴﺎ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 1288‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 95/10/24‬ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺭﻭﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﺛﻪ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺕ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻮﻡ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﻴﺤﻪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 1194‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1358‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺮﺝ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ‪ 1896‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1345‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻧﺎﻫﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ‪ 278‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1343‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺎﺭﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ‬ ‫‪ 2076‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1337‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻌﻠﻰ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 12999‬ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ ‪ 1340‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻫﺎﺷﻤﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 8189‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪1350‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺻﻴﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻧﺰﺩ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻳﻜﻤﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻻ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144039‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 460‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪10‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺿﻤﺎﺋﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ‪674/460/95‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ‪ 96/1/19‬ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺩﻣﻴﺮﭼﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﻭﻟﺪ ﺧﺎﺩﻡ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﻪ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 460‬ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﺖ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺰ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 73‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻫﻬﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺴﺨﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺿﻤﺎﺋﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻌﺪﺍ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144037‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪460‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‪10‬‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﺛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﺳﻪ‪ 9509981045900711‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﺩﺭﻭﺍﻧﻬﺎﺟﺮ ﺭﻳﺤﺎﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﺪ ‪ 1307‬ﺵ ﺵ ‪1513‬‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﻮﺕ ‪ 95/10/10‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺭﻭﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﺛﻪ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺣﻮﻡ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 1423‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1330‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 360‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1333‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 3432‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1348‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺵ‬ ‫ﺵ ‪ 2181‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1335‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍ ﺯﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻇﺮﺍﻓﺘﻰ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 7921‬ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ ‪ 1341‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺻﻴﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻳﻜﻤﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻻ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144035‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 459‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 10‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﺛﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509981045900714‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺣﺼﺮ ﻭﺭﺍﺛﺖ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﺩﺭﻭﺍﻥ ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻫﻤﺮﻧﮓ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ ‪ 25171‬ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫‪ 95/8/30‬ﺍﻗﺎﻣﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺪﺭﻭﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﺛﻪ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺣﻮﻡ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ‪ :‬ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻳﺰﺍﺩﻩ ﺯﻫﺘﺎﺏ ﮔﺮﻣﺮﻭﺩﻯ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 96‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1341‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺣﻤﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﻬﺪﻳﺰﺍﺩﻩ ﺯﻫﺘﺎﺏ ﮔﺮﻣﺮﻭﺩﻯ ﺵ ﺵ ‪ 55049‬ﺕ ﺕ ‪ 1343‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻬﺮﺍ ﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﺰﺑﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺑﺖ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻭﺻﻴﺘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺘﻮﻓﻰ ﻧﺰﺩ ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺮ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻳﻜﻤﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻻ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144033‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 459‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 10‬ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﺪﻳﻨﻮﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻴﮕﺮﺩﺩ ﭼﻮﻥ ﻭﻓﻖ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 556‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 459‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 331/459/95‬ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ‪ 35875000‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺪ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺩﻩ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍ ﺯﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻔﺎﺩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﻪ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻤﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﺼﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺍﻳﺮﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻃﺒﻖ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺻﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻧﻤﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ‪-‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻣﺠﺘﻬﺪﻯ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‪-‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ –ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 9510091045900188‬ﻭ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ‪ 9509971045900556‬ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫‪ 35350000‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺍﺻﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ –ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ‪ 525000‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺟﻤﻌﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ‪ 35875000‬ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ‪ 95/5/25‬ﻟﻐﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺿﻤﻨﺎ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻋﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144031‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 459‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 10‬ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺳﻼﻣﺖ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩﻭ ﺑﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺩﺧﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؛ ﺑﻰﺷــﻚ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻯ ﻏﻔﻠــﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺪﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﭘﻮﻝ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﺪﻫــﻰ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺟﻤﺎﻟــﻰ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕﺑﺪﻫﻰ )ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﻜﻮﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺧﺰﺍﻧــﻪ( ﺭﺍ ﺩﻭ ﺑﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺮﺷــﻤﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺜــﻞ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴــﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛــﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509980202001045‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 117‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻳﻚ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪9509970202001855‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ –ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ – ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺻﻔﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﻠﻰ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﺎ – ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﮔﺮﺩﺷﻜﺎﺭ –ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻢ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺟﺮﻯ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻭﻗﺖ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﺪﻯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺧﺘﻢ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﺭﺕ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‪-‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺯﻫﺮﺍ ﻛﺎﺋﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﺿﺎ ﺻﻔﻰ ﺧﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﻠﻰ ﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺯﻭﺝ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﻪ ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻦ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺴﺮﻭ ﺣﺮﺝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﻴﺢ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺠﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻧﻜﺎﺡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ‪88/1/17-10278‬‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 15‬ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﻼﻳﺮ ﻫﻤﺴﺮ ﺷﺮﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺍﻭ ﻭ ﺍﺯﺩﻭﺍﺝ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻧﻜﺎﺡ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺣﻖ ﻃﻼﻕ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻜﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻳﻚ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻳﺎﺧﭽﻰ ﺁﺑﺎﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭﻟﻴﻜﻦ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﺍﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﺯ ‪ 10‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺠﻬﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺤﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻧﺸﺮ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻧﻨﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯﺍﺣﺮﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺯﻭﺟﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﻤﻮﺟﺐ ﺳﻨﺪ ﻧﻜﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﻓﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺣﺼﻮﻝ ﺳﺎﺯﺵ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﻏﻢ ﺗﻼﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺤﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻘﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻣﺒﻨﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻣﻨﺰﻝ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻧﺸﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﻋﻘﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻡ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻧﻔﻘﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﻳﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﺍﻟﻴﻪ ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻖ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺣﺮﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻁ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻄﻠﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻜﺎﺣﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 1119-1324-1321-1312—234-237‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ‪ 26-24‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ‪ 91/12/1‬ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺯﺵ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﺮﺍﻓﻌﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﻣﻰ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻃﻼﻕ ﻣﺮﺍﺟﻌﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﻧﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺬﻝ ﺗﺎﻡ ﻣﻬﺮﻳﻪ ﺧﻠﻊ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻪ ﻃﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﻪ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺑﺬﻝ ﻣﻬﺮﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻋﻘﺪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺻﺎﻟﺘﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻛﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺷﻮﻫﺮﺵ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺻﺤﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺻﻴﻐﻪ ﻃﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﺮﻯ ﺻﻴﻐﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻧﻨﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻃﺮﻓﻴﻦ ﻓﺎﻗﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺎﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍ ﺯﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﻇﺮﻑ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144029‬‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪250‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻛﻼﺳﻪ ‪ 9509982161700585‬ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 81‬ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺻﺪﺭ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪9509972161701314‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ‪-‬ﺳﺎﻧﺎﺯ ﺷﺮﻓﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ‪-‬ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻰ ﻳﻨﻜﻰ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺁﻗﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‪-‬ﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺍﻛﺒﺮ‪-‬ﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﻑ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ –ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻚ ﭘﻼﻙ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‪-‬ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‪-‬ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺩﻋﻮﻯ ﺳﺎﻧﺎﺯ ﺷﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻄﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺿﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳﻼﻡ ﻳﻮﺳﻔﻰ ﻳﻨﻜﻰ ﻛﻨﺪﻯ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻚ ﭘﻼﻙ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ‪ 233‬ﻯ ‪ 59‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 88‬ﻭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ ﻣﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﺴﺘﻠﺰﻡ ﺗﻮﺩﻳﻊ ﺧﺴﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻟﻴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﻰ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﻧﻨﻤﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻟﺬﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﺻﺎﻑ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 319‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻼ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻧﻤﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻟﻴﻜﻦ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻰ ﻣﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻞ ﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺩﻋﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻓﻚ ﭘﻼﻙ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﺕ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﺮﻏﻢ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﺍﺧﻄﺎﺭﻳﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﺬﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﻋﻮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 198‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺁﺋﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﺪﻧﻰ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻡ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻚ ﭘﻼﻙ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﭘﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﻣﻰ ‪233‬‬ ‫ﻯ‪ 59‬ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ‪ 88‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﻩ ﻏﻴﺎﺏ ﻳﺒﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻑ ﺑﻴﺴﺖ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﻘﻀﺎ ﻣﻬﻠﺖ ﻭﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144027‬‬ ‫ﺭﺋﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪81‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺋﻴﻪ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ –ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻪ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻰ ﺷﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻗﻤﺮﻯ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﭼﻤﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ –‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ‪-‬ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺍﻟﻪ ﺣﺒﻴﺐ ﭘﻮﺭ‪-‬ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﻮﺩﻧﻚ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ –ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻃﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 9510090210102525‬ﻭ ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻏﻴﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ 9509970210100517‬ﻣﻮﺭﺧﻪ ‪ 95/5/30‬ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﻮﺩﻧﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻤﺠﻠﺲ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺳﭙﺲ ﻫﻤﮕﻰ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻓﺎﺗﺮ ﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺳﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻤﻰ ﺷﺶ ﺩﺍﻧﮓ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺁﭘﺎﺭﺗﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺖ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 73‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺩﺭ ﻁ ‪ 5‬ﺷﺮﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻼﻙ ﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺘﻰ ‪ 11212-11211-11210‬ﻓﺮﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ ‪ 116‬ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 7‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻛﻴﻨﮓ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 9‬ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﻮﺩﻧﻚ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﺭﺳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﺧﺬ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻟﻮﻛﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﻛﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻟﻪ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻜﻠﻒ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻧﻴﻢ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪110/144026‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰ ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ‪ 176‬ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻌﺜﺖ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺪﺳﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺼﻴﺮﺯﺍﺩﻩ ‪ /‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎﺕ ﺁﺭﻳﺎ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻜﺎﻣﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻘﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﺪ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ‪ 10‬ﻏﻮﻝ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﭘﻨﺠﺸﻨﺒﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ 2) ،‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪ (2017‬ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ‪ 10‬ﻏﻮﻝ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ »ﺍﻳﻨﺪﻛﺲ« )ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ( ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪13‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺒﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ 13‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺍﺭﺯﺵ‪ ،‬ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﻳﺰﺵ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻭﻧﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﻓﺖ ‪1/5‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻳﻨﺪﻛﺲ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺩﻭ ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪0/25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ‪ 12‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻏﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﻳﺮﻭﺯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﮔﺎﻫﻰ ﺗﺎ ‪ 5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ‪ 12‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﻫﺸﻰ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻃﻼ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫)ﻭﻯﺁﻯﺍﻳﻜــﺲ( ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ )ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ = ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ( ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺻﺮﻑ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻃﻼ ﻳﻚ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﺗﻬــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﻌﻜﺎﺳــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻃﻼﻉﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ )ﺳﻨﺎ(‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺶ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺶ ﻣﺎﻫﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺮ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1396‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺎﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻤﺘﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻼﻙ ﻭ ﻣﺴﺘﻐﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺩﻫﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻫﺸﺖ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﺠﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻼﻙ ﻭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻐﻼﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﻮﻕ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺍﺑﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﺤﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ‪372‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻯ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 48‬ﺻﺪﻡ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫‪ 77475‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﻞ ﻫﻢ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫‪ 25‬ﺻﺪﻡ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﻟﻔﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺎﻟﺲﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﻘﻴﻘــﺖ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﻛﻞ‪ 2 ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﻛﺴــﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺴﻜﻦ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ؛ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﻟﻔــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪10824‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺭﻳﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﺎﻗﺒﻞ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻧﺸــﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺗﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺳﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫»ﭘﺴﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ«‪» ،‬ﺳﻴﻨﺎ« ﻭ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ« ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺳﻴﻨﺎ ﺿﻌﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺴﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻳــﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻓﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻧﻮﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺣﺎﺩﺗﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻳﻊ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻮﻙﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﭙﺮﺩﻩﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﻣﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﻥﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘــﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺖ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻧﻜﺘــﻪ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ‪193‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﺩ ﺷــﺮﺍﺯ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ‪195‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺒﺮﻳﺰ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ‪106‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺒﻨﺪﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﺷﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ‪93‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺘﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺩ ‪68‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺎﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺳــﻄﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺳﺒﺪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ »ﻛﺮﻙ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺩ«‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻰ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ؛ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻓﻌﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻟــﺶ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻳﻪ ‪3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺳــﻮﻡ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﻴﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺕ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﻰﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻛﺮﻙ ﺍﺳﭙﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﺳﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻔــﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻼﻏــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻻﻳــﺶ ﻭ ﭘﺨــﺶ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒــﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﭼﺸــﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﭘﺮﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺸﻰ ﻟﻘﺐ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗــﻼﺵ ﻧﻬــﺎﺩ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓــﻊ ﺍﺑﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳــﻊ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﻚ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 90‬ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﺗﺎ ‪60‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻣﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺳــﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻛﭽﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻛﮕﻞ ﻛــﻪ ‪4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﻣﺤﺴﻮﺏ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﺳــﺎﺯ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‪ ،‬ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻰﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑــﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪24‬ﺗﺎ‪27‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ ﺳــﻮﻕ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻔﺘــﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺩﻻﺭ‪ ،‬ﻧﺮﺥ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻮﺍﺷــﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺍﺛﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺁﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮﺑﺨﺸــﻰﺍﺵ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﻬﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣــﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺭﺻﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺩﺷﻮﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﺳﻬﻢﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼﻣﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻠــﻂ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﺒﻴــﻞ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻕ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘــﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﻳــﺎ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻗــﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﮔﻨــﺪﻡ‪ ،‬ﻳﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﺵ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑــﻮﺭﺱ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪﻣﺎﻫــﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻠﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‪ ،‬ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺟﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻇﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ‪ ،‬ﻗﻔﻞ ﻭ ﺣﺒﺲ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺣﺠﻢ ﻣﺒﻨﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟــﺎﺯﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﺩﻝ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﻴﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻫــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺟــﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺑﺎﺯﺩﻩﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺳــﻜﻪ ﻭ ﻃﻼ ﻳﺎ ﺳﭙﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣــﺪﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺳــﻬﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺫﺍﺗﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﻭ ﻓﻮﻻﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ؛ ﻫﺮﭼﻨــﺪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﭼﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﻥ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪10‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﻛِ ﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺭﻓﺖ؟‬ ‫ﺛﻤﻦ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﻰﺭﺍﺩ‪ /‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕﻣﻚﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ‪90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺎﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﻳــﻚ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ‪12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ ﻭ ﻃﻼ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳــﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺻﺮﺍﻓﺖ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺮﻙ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﺎﺣﺐﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣــﺲ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰﮔﺮﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺣــﻖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﮔﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺩﻭ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺣﺎﻻ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩ‪-‬ﺑﺮﺩ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻣﺮ ﭼﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺳــﻴﺎ ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛــﺮﺩ؟ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺣــﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻤﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻭ ﺟﻨﮕﻴــﺪ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺳــﻬﻤﻰ ‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻏﻨﻰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ ﺍﻛﺘﻔﺎ ﻛﺮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺏ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺧﻮﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻫﺮ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﭘﺲ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﺯ ﻫﻢ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻘﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﺎﻥ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺳﻮﺩﺩﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﻝ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﺎﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤــﺎﻥ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﻤﻰﺁﻣﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﻛﻠﻨﺠﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﻃﻼ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2020‬‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣــﺲ ﻛﺎﺗﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴــﺮ ‪ 4‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2020‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 2/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﻮﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ )ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ( ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ ﻣﺘﺎﻝ ﺑﻮﻟﺘﻦ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ‪ 90‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2020‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ‪ 55 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﭼﻴﻦ‪ ،‬ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻣﻮﻛﺮﺍﺗﻴــﻚ ﻛﻨﮕﻮ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭ ﻭ ﺯﺍﻣﺒﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﻛﺎﺗﺪ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2015‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ‪ 18/7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺲ ﺁﻧﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫)‪ (ICSG‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ‪1/7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻦ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪2020‬ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2020‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﮕﻮ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﺰﺍﻗﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻜﺰﻳﻚ ﻭ ﻣﻐﻮﻟﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺶ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ‪ 5‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2020‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺭﺷﺪ ‪ 1/2‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 80‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻟﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛــﻪ ‪ 65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﺗﺼﻔﻴﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2020‬ﻡ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻻﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﻴﻦ ﻭ ‪ 18‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻭﻳﻨﻴﻨــﮓ ﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﻭﻛﺮﺍﺗﻴﻚ ﻛﻨﮕﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪2020‬ﻡ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻭﻳﻨﻴﻨﮓ ﺷﻴﻠﻰ ‪15‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺍﻭﺍﺳﻂ ﻣﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪66‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ‪63‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻠﻨﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎﻯ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻃﻼ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﺎﻛﺶ ﺟﺪﺍﻝ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺛﻤﻦ ﺭﺣﻴﻤﻰﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺰﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ‪ 13‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻴﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻋﺰﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﻣﺘــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻭﻑ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻏــﺮﺏ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺭﻭﺯ ﭘﻨﺞﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪ 12‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺟﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪11‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﭽــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓــﺖ ﻭ ‪ 23‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻫﻢ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻧﺠــﺎﺕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ‪9‬ﻣﺠــﺮﻭﺡ ﻭﺧﻴﻢ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳــﻨﮓ ﺍﺳﺘﭙﻨﺎﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﮔﻠﻮﺧﻮﻑ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﺳﻮﻛﺎﻟﺴــﻚ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻭﻑ ﺩﺭ ﻏﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺧﺒﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﺭﺗﺎﺱ ﻧﻮﺷــﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 170‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﭽﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪ 34‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﭘﺘﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺭﻭﺷﻨﻜﻮ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺟﻤﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ﻭﻻﺩﻳﻤﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻭﻳﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻋﺎﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪ‪.‬ﺣﻮﺍﺩﺙ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﻛﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺟﺎﻥ ﺩﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﺩﺛﻪ ﻧﻮﺍﻣﺒﺮ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 2007‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺯﺍﺳــﻴﺎﺩﻛﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻧﺘﺴــﻚ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫‪ 106‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﭽﻰ ﻛﺸﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤــﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﺩﻭ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑــﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻛﺎﻻﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﺘﻜﻮﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﺪﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻃﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻧــﻰ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﺮﻳــﻜﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻃﻼ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻃﻼ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ‪ 3‬ﻣﺎﻩ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﻴﺘﻜﻮ ﻧﻴﻮﺯ‬ ‫‪ 20‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ‪ 13‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪ 65‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑــﻪﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ‪ 5‬ﻧﻔــﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺪﺕ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳــﻨﺠﻰ ﺁﻧﻼﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ‪ 974‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻧﻴــﺰ ‪ 661‬ﻧﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﺩﻝ ‪68‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺑﻬﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﻼ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻯ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ 221 ،‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫‪23‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ ﻭ ‪ 92‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻝ ‪9‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴــﺰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃــﻼ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻰ ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪59‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ‪64‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺭﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﭙﺮﻯ ﺷــﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﺷــﺪ ‪1/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﻛﺴﻴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺻﻌﻮﺩﻯ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺎﻧﻪﺯﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺪﺭﺍﻝ ﺭﺯﺭﻭ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻧﺪ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﻣــﭗ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺤــﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﻧــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃــﻼ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻭﺩﻯ ﺗﺎ ‪1300‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧــﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻃﻼ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪5‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ »ﺳﻬﺎﻡﺩﺍﺭ«‬ ‫ﺑﻪ »ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ«‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎﻳــﻰ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘــﻼﻑ‬ ‫»ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ َﻣﻚﻣــﻮﺭﺍﻥ« ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺑﺮ ﺳــﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﮔ َِﺮﺳــﺒِﺮگ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣــﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺭﻛِﺖﻭﺍچ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕﻣﻚﻣﻮﺭﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻓﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺷﻔﺘﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺎﻟﺖ ﺁﺭﻳﺰﻭﻧﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻨﺎ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻩ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳــﺒﺮگ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻟﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﭘﺬﻳــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻤﻜﺶ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻩ ژﺍﻧﻮﻳــﻪ )ﺩﻯ( ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺼﻒ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘــﻪ ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻓﺮﻳﭙﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺠــﻮﺯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻁ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻨﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 5‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺫﻭﺏ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺍﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻳــﻚ »ﺳــﻬﺎﻡﺩﺍﺭ« ﺑﻪ »ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ« ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﮔﺮﺳــﺒﺮگ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 12‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻻﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺑﺪﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﭽﺎﺭﺩ ﺁﺩﻛِﺮﺳــﻮﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﺳــﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﻣﺲ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﺳــﺒﺮگ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﺳــﻮﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ ﻭ ‪ 40‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 50‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺳﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ‪ 20‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﺎ ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺣﻞ ﻭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻧﺸــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻯ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2021‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ )‪1400‬ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ(‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﻀﻰ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻤﺪﻳــﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ‪20‬‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺗــﺎ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2041‬ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ )‪1420‬‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺭﺷــﻴﺪﻯ( ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺤﻪ ﻛﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ‪ 6‬ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺗﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺭﺱ ﻓﻠﺰﺍﺕ ﻟﻨﺪﻥ ﻛﺸــﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ‪ 1‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺩﻭﺷــﻨﺒﻪ ‪21‬‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺭﻳﻪ )‪ 3‬ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ( ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﻼﺩﻯ ﻗﻴﻤــﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﻠــﺰﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻛﺎﺑﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻰ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻓﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ 12 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻄﻒ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻣﺲ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳــﻜﻮﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩ؛ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻏﻮﻝ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﻟﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻰﺍچﭘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻠﺘﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻓﺮﻯﭘــﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﻣﻰﺯﻧــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺩﻭﻧﺎﻟﺪ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺑﺴــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﻴﺎﻝ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻣﻰﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻨﺘﻘــﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻛﻨﺴﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﻣﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺳــﺒﺮگ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻨﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ؛‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﻏﺮﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ‪ 3/3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺑــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ‬ ‫‪5/9‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ‪6/6‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺪﻫﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﺎﺩﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺳﻬﺎﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻛِﺮﺳــﻮﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺲ‪ ،‬ﻗﻠﻊ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻜﻞ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻮﻛﻮ ﻭﻳﺪﻭﺩﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺷﺮﻕ ﺁﺳﻴﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻗﺴــﻢ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﻳﺪﻭﺩﻭ ﻣﻤﻨﻮﻋﻴﺘﻰ ‪ 3‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮ ﺻــﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻴﻜﻞ ﻭ ﺑﻮﻛﺴــﻴﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻣــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺛﺮﻭﺗﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎﺳــﺖ ﺩﺳﺘﺨﻮﺵ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﻰﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻴﺐ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺺﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣــﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻞﺯﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻣﺒﺎﻧــﮓ ﮔﺎﺗــﻮﺕ ﺁﺭﻳﻮﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺯﻏﺎﻝ ﺳــﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺟﺎﺯﻩ ﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺮﺭﺍﺕ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻳﻚ ﺭﺍﻩﺣﻞ ﺑﺮﺩ‪-‬ﺑﺮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩﻫــﺎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﻪ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺳــﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﻛﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺁﺩﻛﺮﺳــﻮﻥ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻓﺮﻯﭘﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺍﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺩﻭﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﺯ ‪ 32‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭘﺎﭘﻮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻟﻨﺪ؛ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳﺒﺮگ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻯﭘــﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻈــﺎﺭ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫‪ 17‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﻣﺲ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺼﻞ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺳﺎﻝﺟﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻼﺩﻯ )ﺩﻯ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺳــﻔﻨﺪ ‪ (95‬ﻭ ﺍﻓﺖ ‪ 59‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬
‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪11‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺸــﻤﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟــﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺍﺭﺷــﺪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺷﺎﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺑﻴﮋﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﮕﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ‪ ،‬ﺭﻛﻦﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺪﺭﻭﻛﺮﺑــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺩﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻴﺰﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺍﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻭﻟﻰﺍﷲ ﺳــﻴﻒ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻧــﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﻴﺐﻧﻴﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﺗﺎﺟﮕﺮﺩﻭﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﺼﻮﺏ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫»ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ« ﺩﺭ »ﺑﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ«‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ؛ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺗﻌــﺪﺍﺩ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺰﺋﻴــﺎﺕ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿــﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﺍﻓﺖ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻧﻔﺘــﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫)ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨــﺎ( ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻨــﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ‪20‬ﺳــﺎﻟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ )‪(Iran Petroleum Contracts‬‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺟــﺬﺍﺏ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ »ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ«‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺪﻝ ‪ 3‬ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻣﺨﺰﻧﻰ ﻣﺒﻨﺎﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺷﺎﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺘﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺣﻠﻪ ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻴﺘــﻪ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺨﺰﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؛ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺨــﺎﺯﻥ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﻣﺮﺍﺗﺐ ﻃﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺍﻭﺍﻳﻞ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ ‪ 94‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﮔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻏﻼﻣﺮﺿﺎ ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻤﭗﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻥﭼﺎﻫﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺷﻜﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ 95 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻳــﺰﺩ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮ ﻓﻼﺡ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺧﺒﺮ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪27‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺸــﻌﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ‪ 15‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 42‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺸــﻌﺎﺏ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻧﺼﺐ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 73‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺷﻬﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 21‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 94‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 218‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏ ﻧﺼﺐ ﻭ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 397‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 427‬ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ‪ 213‬ﻛﻮﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ 2 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 733‬ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ‪ 263‬ﻛﻮﺭﻩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 495‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺰء ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴــﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 816‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮﻣﻜﻌــﺐ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪224‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺟﺰء ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺒﻜﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻭﺻﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺰﺩ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻳﺎﺩﺁﻭﺭ ﺷﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 4‬ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ 19 ،‬ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ‪ 20‬ﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ‪ 167‬ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‪ 316 ،‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 542‬ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﮔﺎﺯﺭﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪﻯ ‪ 99‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺷــﻬﺮﻯ‪73 ،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ‪ 95‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻌﻤﺖ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫)ﺑﺸﻜﻪ‪ /‬ﺩﻻﺭ(‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺁﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬ ‫‪WTI‬‬ ‫‪52/76‬‬ ‫‪0/1‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪55/28‬‬ ‫‪0/06‬‬ ‫ﺍﻭﭘﻚ‬ ‫‪53/85‬‬ ‫‪0/24‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‪ :‬ﺁﺭﺍﻧﻴﻜﻮ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣــﻪ ﺟﺎﻛﺎﺭﺗﺎ ﭘﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻓﺘﺮ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨــﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧــﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ‪ 2‬ﺑﻠﻮﻙ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴــﻪ ﻳــﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺩ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﻔﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺴــﻮﺗﻴﻮﻥ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺭﺍﺋــﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺼــﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﮕﺴﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻉ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ‪200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻳﺎﻳــﻰ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻧﻔﺘﺨﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺟﻨــﻮﺏ ﭘــﺲ ﺍﺯ ‪ 6‬ﻣــﺎﻩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ )‪ (Pre-MDP‬ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺩﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬــﺮﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﻨﺼــﻮﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ‪ 81‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ 365‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓــﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮﻧــﻰ ‪2/35‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ‪14‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫‪65‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪365‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻤﭗﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﭼﺎﻫــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﺰﺭﻳﻖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺷــﻜﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﺳــﻴﺪﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻤﺎﺭ ﭼﺎﻩﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ‪ 50‬ﺣﻠﻘــﻪ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 257‬ﺣﻠﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪ 334‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﻭ ‪ 696‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸــﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻳــﺐ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ‪2/27‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪12‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺮﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻤــﻮﺭ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺧــﻮﺏ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ‪-‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻛﺎﺭﺗــﺎ‪ ،‬ﭼﻨﺎﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺟــﺬﺍﺏ ﺑﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻢﻫﺎ‬ ‫)‪ (MOU‬ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫــﻢ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﺗــﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺪﻝ ‪ 3‬ﺑﻌﺪﻯ ﻣﺨﺰﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺎﺫ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻫﺮ ﺑــﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺨﺎﺯﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﺯﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺰﻳﻪ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺻﻮﻝ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺨﺰﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰﻫﺎ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺳــﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ ﺟﺬﺍﺏﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺼــﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃــﻮﺭ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻣﻼﻙ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻼﺣﻈﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺧﺎﻡ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳــﺖ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ؛ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﻧﺰﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷــﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ )ﺁﻯﺍﻭﺁﺭ(‬ ‫ﻭ )ﺍﻯﺍﻭﺁﺭ( ﻫــﻢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺖﺳﺮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺎ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺼﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩ ﭘﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺷــﺎﻧﺲ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻋﻼﻗﻪﻣﻨﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺎﻧﺲ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺗﺮﻳﺸــﻰ ﺍﻭﺍﻡﻭﻯ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻨﺪﻛﺮﺧﻪ‪ ،‬ﭼﺸﻤﻪ ﺧﻮﺵ‪،‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻏﺮﺏ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻟﭙﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﺮﺍﻧﺴــﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﺗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻫــﻢ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﺎﺯ ‪11‬‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬــﺮﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻟــﻮﻙ ﺍﻭﻳﻞ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺗﺎﻣﻴﻨــﺎ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌــﺎﺕ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻭﻳﻨﺘﺮﺳﻬﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳــﻬﺮﺍﺏ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻛﻮﮔﺲ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﮔﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻼﻝ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﭙﻜﺲ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ؛ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﻤﺎﺭﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺳﻚ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺗﻴﻤﻮﺭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠــﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳــﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﻭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺭﻭﺑﮋﻧﻔﺖ ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻫﻨﺪ )ﺍﻭ ﺍﻥ ﺟﻰ ﺳــﻰ(‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﺯﺍﺩ ﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳــﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻧﻔــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺷــﺎﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻗــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻻﻳﺤﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﻤﻬﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻧــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫)ﻧــﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻜﻴﺖ( ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼﻮﺏ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺍﺻﻞ ‪ 44‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤــﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺼﻮﺑــﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﺭﺍﻫﺒﺮﺩﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑــﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﺩﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫــﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻣﺼﻮﺑﻪ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺷﺸــﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺟﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻋﻄﺎﻯ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺷﺨﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻂ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﭘــﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺗﻤــﺎﻡ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ ﺍﺳﺪﺍﷲ ﻗﺮﻩﺧﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ‪ 5‬ﻓﺎﺯ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﺟﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﻐﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؛ ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻳﻜﺒﺎﺭﻩ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻳــﻢ‪ ،‬ﻗﺪﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎﻭﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﻋﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﮔﺰﻳــﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﭘﺬﻳــﺮﺵ ﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 5‬ﻓــﺎﺯ ﻳﻚﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﭘﻴﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩﺵ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻋﻀﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﺭﻳﻴﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺴــﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺸــﻰ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻫﻤــﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼــﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧﻮﺩﻣــﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺑــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﻠــﻪ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﺮﻩﺧﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﺍﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻭ ﺁﺭﺯﻭﻯ ﺩﻳﺮﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺭﺱ ﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻄﺮﻯﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 580‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﻜﻌﺐ ﻗﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳــﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺠﻠــﺲ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻫﺪﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺡ ﻓﺎﺯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﮕﻮﻯ ﻛﻤﻴﺴﻴﻮﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﮔﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﮔﺎﺯ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺰﻳــﻦ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺖ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﻧﺒﺎﺷــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻓﻴــﻖ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺁﻭﺭﻳﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫‪ 400‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺑﺸﻜﻪ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻰﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬
‫‪8‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪12‬‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﺰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪96‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑــﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﺰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺴــﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 96‬ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺳــﻮﻟﻔﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔــﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﺎﻳﻦﻧﻴﻮﺯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣــﻰ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ ‪ 29‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺴــﺎﺣﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔــﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻴــﺖ ‪ 375‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ‪ 375‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻃﻼ ﻭ‪...‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ‪ 220‬ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺷﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻨﮓﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻡ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﻭﺯﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﭘﺬﻳــﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫــﺪ ﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔــﺮ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﻭﺷــﻰ ﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧــﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣﻰ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻰﺩﻯﭘﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﺴﺌﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩ ﻓﻮﻻﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺳــﺎﺭﻳﮕﻮﻧﻰ ﻗــﺮﻭﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺳـﻘﺰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼﻯ ﺳﻘﺰ ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺴﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻃﻼ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺳﻮﻟﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗــﻦ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﮔــﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻴﻠﻴﺲ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺟﻮﺍﺯ ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴــﻦ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‪12/5 ،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻳــﻮﺭﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻓــﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋﻤﻠﻴــﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻳﻚﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻦ ﻛﻨﺴــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ‪ 2‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﺠﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻻﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﻚ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧــﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫــﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻓﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻧﻴﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ‪ 8‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪8‬‬ ‫ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 500‬ﻧﻔﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ 53 :‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺮ ‪ 10‬ﻧﻔﺮ‪ 43 ،‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ‪ 10‬ﺗﺎ ‪50‬‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮ ﻭ ‪3/5‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ‪ 50‬ﻧﻔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩﻭﺯﻣــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷــﻴﻤﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻥ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺴــﺎﻝ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﭼﻞﭼﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﺍﻝ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﺪﺭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻓﺎﻳﻨﺎﻧﺲ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﺴﺖ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﮔﺲ ﻗﻴﺼﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪mine@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴـﺘﻴﻦ ﺟﻠﺴـﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘـﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸـﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧـﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌـﺪﻥ ﺍﻳـﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷـﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔـﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳـﻦ ﺟﻠﺴـﻪ ﻣﺴـﺎﺋﻞ ﻭ ﻣﺸـﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺨـﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻌـﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸـﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷـﺪ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪﻫـﺎﻯ ﺍﺻﻠـﻰ ﻓﻌـﺎﻻﻥ ﺑﺨـﺶ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿـﻮﻉ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺑـﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻈـﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷـﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪﻧﺪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸـﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑـﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳـﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺑـﻪ ﺭﻭﺵﻫـﺎﻯ ﻧﻮﻳـﻦ ﺍﻛﺘﺸـﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳـﺞ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴـﺎ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋـﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳـﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳـﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺪﻧـﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴـﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻧﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ‪3‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑــﻪ ﺫﺧﺎﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻃﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺣﻖ ﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ‪ 3‬ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﺟﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﺎﺭﭼــﻮﺏ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻤﻠﻚ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﻫﻴﺎﺕﻣﺪﻳﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺲ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﺍﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪3‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺑﺖ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﻴﺰﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 80‬ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻜﺘﺸﻔﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺍﺧﺬ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳــﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻳﻜﭙﺎﺭﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻳــﮕﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻤﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﺩﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺎﻻﺩﺳﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺟﺰﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻇﺎﻳﻒ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 94‬ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 30‬ﺗﺎ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻛﺮﺩ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻠﺶ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻈﻔﺮ ﺯﻳﻨﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﻛﺰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺒﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ‪2‬ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪130‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ‪70‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺘﺮ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؛‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻘﺎﻁ ﻣﻮﺭﺩﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪132‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪75‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﻬﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ‪250‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫﺎﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﺯﻳﻨﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺠﻮﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻤﻴــﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫــﺎ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 91‬ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ ﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﺴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﻮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪4‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺪﺕ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 30‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺷــﺪ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ؟ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛــﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﻟﻰ ﻣﺸــﺨﺼﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻳﺴــﺖ ﻗﻮﻯ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﻳــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﺣﻴﺪ ﺻﺎﺋﺐﻓﺮ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﻤﻰﮔــﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻓــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻣﺪﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺳﻨﮓﺁﻫﻦ ﻭ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻏﺎﻝﺳﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺁﻫﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻧﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻣﻌﺎﺩﻥ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻤﻴﺪﺭﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺘﻰ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛﻪ ‪50‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ‪ 3‬ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﻑ ﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻁ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﺻﻮﻟــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻤﻰ ﻭ ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﻮﺭﻭﺵ ﺷــﻌﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺍﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺧﺘﻪ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺸــﻮﻳﻖ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺣــﺪﺍﺙ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓﺮﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﭘﻴــﺶ ﺑﺮﻭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﺷــﻌﺒﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﻫﻜﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻨﺪﺳﻰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﺎﺭﮔﺖﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺸــﻒ ﺫﺧﺎﻳــﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺑﻌﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺨﺺ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺑــﻚ ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺩﺭ ‪ 4‬ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎﺯﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺒﺪﻳﻞ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻘﺮﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺳــﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﻗﺒﺎﻯ ﺷﺒﻴﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻯ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻴﺘﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻳﻜﺮﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻑ ﺑــﺎ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺮﻛــﺰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮ ﺗﻬﻴــﻪ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳــﻪ ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺣــﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻣﺮﺑــﻊ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘــﻪ ﺑﺎﺑﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣــﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻛﺎﻧﺴــﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳــﻖ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 96‬ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗــﻊ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺑــﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺒــﻮﺩ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﺷﻨﺎﺳــﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻛﺘﺸــﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫــﺎ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﺗﻠﻔﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺻﺤــﺖ ﻭ ﺳــﻘﻢ ﺁﻥ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣــﻞ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨــﻪ ژﺋﻮﻓﻴﺰﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺒﺼﺮﻩ ‪ 3‬ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﻧﻴﺰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﺧﻮﺑﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﺨﺼﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻰﺷﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻊ ﺣﻖﺍﻻﺭﺽ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨــﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‪ ،‬ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻏﻠﻂ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎ ﺗﻬﻴﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺘﻀﺮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻬﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻧــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﺮﺩ‪) .‬ﺷــﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻮﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻠﻮﻛﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻴﭽﮕﻮﻧــﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘﻰ ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺍﻧﻪ ﺭﺍ ﻧــﺰﺩ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﮕﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ( ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻣﺲ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﺤــﺪﻭﺩﻩﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺩﻳﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺲ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻣﻮﺟــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻃﺮﻑ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬
‫‪5‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪13‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺍﺩﻭﻛﺲ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻴﺮ ﺣﻀﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫‪economy@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺒﺎﺣــﺚ ﻣﻬــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑــﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻧــﻰ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪﻯ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﻨﺠﻢ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪10‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﻳﺎﺑﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﻧﺘﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳــﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻋﺪﺩﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪7/3‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑــﺮ ﻟﺰﻭﻡ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻼﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﺳــﺶ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﻛﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ؟ ﭼﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻨﻘﺪﺭ ﻓــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭﺟــﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻓﺸــﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻣﻨﺪ ﺷﻮﻳﻢ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻣــﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺧﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ؟!‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺗﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻃﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭﺣﺸــﺘﻨﺎﻙ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﺖﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻋــﺪﻩ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻥﻗــﺪﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﭼﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷــﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻳﻢ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ .‬ﭼﺮﺍ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻗﺸــﺮ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﺷﻮﺩ؟ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺟــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺠﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺖ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺴﺎﺯﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﻗﻴﻖﺗــﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺁﺛــﺎﺭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔــﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺧﻴﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ‪ :‬ﺗﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺣﻜﻤﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻋﻤﻮﻣــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﻭﻇﻴﻔﻪ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ‪40‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻳﻚ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﺑﻪ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﺠﺎ ﻗﺼــﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻟﭗﺗﺎپ ﺍﭘﻞ ﺑﺨــﺮﻡ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺗﻌﺠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺧــﻮﺩﻡ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻢﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ژﺍﭘــﻦ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﻧﺒــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻔﺘــﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻟﻰﻛــﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻡﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻫﻢ ﺳﻰ ﺩﻯ ﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ژﺍﭘﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﻓﻜﺮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻥﻭﻗﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺗﺮﺟﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴــﺐ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ ﻣــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻰﺩﻫــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﻧﺪﻳﻨﺎﻭﻯ ﺑــﻪ ‪45‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮ ﺍﺯ ‪25‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻣﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺻﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻻﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﻏﺒﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﻧﺪﻳﻨﺎﻭﻯ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻞ ﺗﺎ ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﺭﺍﻳﮕﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﻮﻇﻒ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻧــﺎﺕ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺗــﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﺩﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺴﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﻓﺮﺯﻧﺪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ﺛﺒﺖﻧﺎﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﻧﺪﻳﻨﺎﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺠﺪﻯﭘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩﻫﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻤﺪﺍﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﻣﻠﻰ ﭘﺎﻳﺒﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺁﻥﻭﻗﺖ ﻫﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﭙﺮﺩﺍﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﮔﺎﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﺭﻯ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺧــﻮﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﺭﻓﺘﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺳــﻔﺮﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﻡ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﺑﻠﻮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺒﺖﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺩﻡ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺭﻓﺘﻢ ﻫﻴﭻﻛﺴــﻰ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻧﻤﻰﺧﺮﻳﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﺯﻳﺮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﻣﮕﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭼــﻪ ﻓﺮﻗــﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ؟ ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻫــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺩﻭﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺒﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺁﺩﻡﻫﺎ ﻋﺎﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﻛﻰ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺩﻥ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻦ ﻳــﻚ ﺩﺭﻭﻍ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺭﻭﺭﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺍﺫﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺠﺪﻯﭘﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﺨﻴﺺ ﻣﺼﻠﺤﺖ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻛﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟــﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻯ ﻭ ﭼﺮﺧﺎﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﺳــﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ ﻫﻢ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺸــﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻼﺵ‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪﺭﺍﺣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﻧﺠــﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷــﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺎ ﮔﻼﻳــﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻــﻰ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴــﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﺑﻪﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺠﺎ ﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺳــﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻳــﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﺁﻟﻤــﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻣــﺮﺩﻡ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨــﺪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻏﺒﺖ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻫــﻢ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻫﺮﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺠﺪﻯﭘﻮﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺘﻰ ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻫﺎ ﭼﻮﺏ ﻫﻢ ﻻﻯ ﭼﺮﺥ ﻳﻚ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﮔﻮﻳﺎ ﺗﻼﺷﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺟﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﭘﺎ ﻧﮕﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭﺍﻳﻦﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ :‬ﺷــﻬﺮﻭﻧﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺒﺪ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﺮﻡﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺳــﺨﺖﺍﻓﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺪﻳﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺘــﻰ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴــﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﻟــﻰ ﻣــﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺯﺍﻯ ﺧﺮﻭﺟــﻰ ﺁﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻳــﻰ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻣــﺎﻥ ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﮔﻴــﺮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﻤﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺠﺪﻯﭘــﻮﺭ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻗﺼﺪ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﻫﺪ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤــﻚ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛﻼﻡ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪15‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺧﺪﻣﺖﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻰ ﭼﻨﺪﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﺷﻨﺎﺳــﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﻰ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺑﮕــﺬﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻤﻰﺍﻓﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﺯ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﺎﺳﺎﻧﻰ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ژﺍﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﺮﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ژﺍﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻐﻰ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ژﺍﭘﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻛﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺠﺪﻯﭘﻮﺭ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺮﺧﺎﻧﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻃﺒﻴﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﺯﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻼﺵ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﻧﻴﻜﻮﺍﻗﺒﺎﻝ ‪ /‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴــﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﺑــﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺒﺨﺸﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﮔﺮﺩﻳــﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻳﻢ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺴــﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﻧﺎﺧﺎﻟﺺ ﻣﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ‪6‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﻼﻙ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻧﻮ ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻣﻨﻔﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‪ ،‬ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻥ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﺸــﻢﮔﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ ﻫﻤــﻪ ﻣﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﻀﺎ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﻰ ﻃﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﻛﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻛﺴﻰ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺛﺮﻭﺕ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻪ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺳﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻋﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻭ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺧﺒﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺮﺑﺴﺘﺎﻥ ‪7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﻣﻰﺑــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺴــﺘﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﺰﻯ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻋﺮﺑﺴــﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧــﺪ ‪7‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺒﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺖ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﻠﻰ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﻳﺴﻚ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺩﺩﻫﻰ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺭﻳﺴــﻚ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﻢ ﺳــﻮﺩ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﻋﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﻭ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻔﺘﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺬﺏ ‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺳــﺨﻦ ﮔﻔﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻙﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ‪،5‬‬ ‫‪6‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﻳﻚ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ ‪10‬ﺳﺎﻟﻪ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺑﺎﻳــﺪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﭽﻴﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺧــﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ‪ ...‬ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ ‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺑﻘﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ؟ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻭ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﻔﺘﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻻﺕ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﺎژ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭﻟﻰ ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻭﺍﺯﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻭﺍﺭﺩﺍﺕ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺑﺎﺯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻣﻴﻞ ﻭ ﺭﻏﺒﺘــﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪﻫــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻯ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﺿﺮﺭ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﺷﺎﻥ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻣــﺪﻥ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺭﻳﺎﺳــﺖﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻏﺒﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﺍﻣﭗ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻰ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻤﺎﻧﻌﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺘﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﺻﺖ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﭘﺮﺗﻨﺶ ﺍﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺻﺘﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺴــﺎﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺍﺯ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻻﺕ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠﻰ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺗﻴﻚ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻳﺐﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻧﻴﻔﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﭼﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺎﺧﺺ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺗﺮ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻳﺴﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺗﺒﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠــﻒ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺖ ﺑﻬﺘــﺮ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﺪ ﺭﺗﺒــﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺎﺛﻴــﺮ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰﺗﺮ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻥ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺤﺎﺳــﺒﻪ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﺍﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺍﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟــﻰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨــﺪ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀــﻮ ﻫﻴــﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨــﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺑــﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﻳﻚ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻇﺮﻑ‬ ‫‪ 10‬ﺗــﺎ ‪ 15‬ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻣﻰ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘــﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﺗــﺮﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭﺣﺎﻝﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺘــﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻳﻚ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺳــﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺎﻩ ﻃﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﺸــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﻴــﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻄﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻄــﻮﺭ ﻣﻤﻜــﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭﺿﻌﻴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ؟ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﻭﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺣﺘﻢ ﻫﻤﻴﺸﻪ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑــﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1391‬ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺑﻼﻏﻴﻪ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﻪ ﻫــﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻫﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺧﺎﺻﻰ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻣــﻪ ﻗﺎﻧــﻮﻥ ﺑﻬﺒــﻮﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻤﺮ ﻣﺤﻴــﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻰ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﮕﺮﻯ ﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻦﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﭼــﺮﺍ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺎﻏﺬ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻗــﻰ ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻧﺨﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬
‫‪6‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫‪14‬‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﺣﺎﺟﻰ ﻣﻴﺮﺯﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﮔﺮﺍﻭﻧﺪ‬ ‫‪industry@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓــﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺭﺳــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳــﻮﻕ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺮﻧﺎ‪ ،‬ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ »ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ؛ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨــﻰ« ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻧﭽﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻛﻴﻚ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺼﺮﻳﺢ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺩﺳــﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺭﺳﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪،‬‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪﺍﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻨﺘﻰ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻙ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺧﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻥ ﺟﻬﺖﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻤﺖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺘﻨــﻰ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭﺳــﺖ ﻫﺪﺍﻳﺖ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻳﻚ ﺳﻮ‬ ‫ﺑــﺰﺭگ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻗﺮﺽﺍﻟﺤﺴﻨﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪624‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 307‬ﺭﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊﺩﺳــﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦﺗﻜﻠﻴــﻒ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧــﻖ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺧﺮﻭﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻠﻴﺪﻭﺍژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ‪ ،‬ﭘﺮﻭژﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺲ ﺷــﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻛــﻮﺩ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻨﻔﻰﺷﺪﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺭﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻠﻰ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﻄﺢ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪30‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻭ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ‬ ‫)ﺍﻋﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ( ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺣﺎﺋﺰ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﮔﺎﻡ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺎﺱ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﺟﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺣﻴﺎﻯ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻭ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ‪ 16 ،‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻳﻚ ﺗﺎ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻧﻰ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑــﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﻣﻨﺘﺸﺮﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺳﻮﻯ ﺩﺑﻴﺮﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻠﻜــﺮﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺭﻓﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 7100‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ‪ 10‬ﻫــﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺭﺍﻛﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫‪710‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺤﺎﻕ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺍﻭﻝ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺘﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺍﻟﺖ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺟﻬﺎﻧﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺧﺬ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﺭﺍ ‪ 19‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻭ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻛــﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺑــﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎ ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖﺷﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ‪13‬‬ ‫ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ ‪ 400‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻋــﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ‪ 19‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 300‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧــﻰ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧــﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺭﺍ ﻫــﻢ ﺷــﺮﺡ ﺩﺍﺩ؛ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣــﺎﺕ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻝﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﻴﮕﻴــﺮﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚ ﻣﺮﻛﺰﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺻﺪﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻬــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻨﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﻪﺗﺮ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈــﺎﻡ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﺁﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻔــﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ‪ ،‬ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻭ ﻳﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺗﺤﻘــﻖ ﻳــﻚ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﻋﺰﺗﻤﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺷــﺮﺍﻓﺘﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺗﻜﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﺭﻛﺮﺩﻯ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﻜﺎﺭ ﺑﺴــﺘﻦ ﻭ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻦ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘــﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﺗﺪﺭﻳﺞ ﺍﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘــﻦ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎﻯ ﻭﺍﻗﻌﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻗﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﺵ ﺑﻜﺸﺪ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻮﺭﻳــﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻳﻔﺎﻯ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢﮔﺮ‪ ،‬ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻘﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳــﻼﻣﺘﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﺸــﺎﺭﻛﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﺤﺮﻙ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺴــﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ؛ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺒﺐ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻐﻞ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﻯ ﺷــﻐﻞ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﻐﻞﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳــﺶ ﻧــﺮﺥ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳــﻄﺢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﻤﺰﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻻﻯ ﺷــﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺳﻔﺎﺭﺵﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﻣﺤﻮﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺗﻰ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪100‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻫﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻨﻌﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪ 200‬ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻬــﺎﺭﺕ ﻭ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑــﻪ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺮ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 1392‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 1395‬ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪ ﻣﻘﻮﻟــﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﻘﻮﻳــﺖ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢﮔﺮﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺤﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺎﺳــﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍﻯ ﻋﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﻋﺰﻣﻰ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﺌﻮﻝ ﻭ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﮕﺮﺵﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﻃﻠﻴﻌﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺷﻜﺎﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌــﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋــﻰ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪300‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ 1390‬ﺗﺎﻛﻨــﻮﻥ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻬﻨﺎﺯ ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺩﺍﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﮔﺮﺩﻫﻤﺎﻳــﻰ ﺳﺮﺍﺳــﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺁﻣﻮﺧﺘﮕﺎﻥ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻟﻦ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﺷﻬﺮﻳﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺩﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺯﻧﺠﺎﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺤﺚ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪1389‬‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻀــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻧــﻮﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑــﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﺗــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺧــﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻀــﺎﻯ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻓــﺮﻭﺵ ﺑﺮﻭﺩ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺑﺴــﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻯ ﻛﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ‪ 3‬ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺗﻘﺴــﻴﻢ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻳﻚ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﺎﻏﻼﻥ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺩﻭﻡ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻧﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻠﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎﻳﻰ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨــﺪ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣــﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻮﺯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻣﺪﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩ ﺷﻬﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎﻡﺩﺍﺩﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖﺑﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺭﺷــﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺧﺪﻣﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﮔﻴﺎﻫﻰ‪ ،‬ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺑﻴﺮ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕــﻰ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺗﻌﺎﻭﻥ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﻓﺎﻩﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻏﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 1390‬ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺗﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖﻫﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰ‬ ‫ﺻــﺮﻑ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻭﺍﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻢﺑﻬﺮﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ‪ ،‬ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﻣﺸﺎﻏﻞ ﻭ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﻳﺎﺑﻰ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺿﻤﺎﻧﺖ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ‪ ،‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺳــﺎﺯ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺬﻳﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘــﻰ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺟﻠﺴــﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺷــﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻬــﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺳــﺖﺍﻧﺪﺭﻛﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﻛﻤﻴﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺘﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭﻛﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻗﺎﺋﻢﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﭼﺎﻟﺶﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟــﺐ ﺗﻤﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺪﻫﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺭﻏﺒﺖﻧﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﺍﻧﺪﻙ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺭﺣﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘــﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺯ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‪ ،‬ﺷــﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖﺗﺮ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻫﻢﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻨﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑﺎﺯﺷﺪﻥ ﻗﻔﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﻛﻤﻚﻫــﺎﻯ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴــﺖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﻴــﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑــﻪ ﭼﺮﺧﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿــﺎ ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻮﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘــﻰ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑــﻪ ﻣﻌﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺑــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻧﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺗﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮﻯ ﻗﻔﻞ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺴــﻬﻴﻞ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﮔﻰ ﺷﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﻌﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺗﺨﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻗﻔﻞﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺮﺗﻀﻮﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﻜﻞﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﻭ ﭘﻴﺸﺘﺎﺯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺷــﺮﻭﻉ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻻﻙ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺑﻴــﺮﻛﻞ ﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠــﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑــﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻴﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ ،‬ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺭﮔﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻫﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺷﺒﺨﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻫــﺎ ﻭ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﻮﺑﻰ ﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺁﻥ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﻧﻪﭼﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔــﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺗﻌﻴﻴــﻦ ﺗﻜﻠﻴــﻒ ‪ 7500‬ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﺗﻌﻄﻴــﻞ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﻃــﺮﺡ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪600‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﻐﻞ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 200‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﻐﻞ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﻤﻮﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻓﻌﺎﻻﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ؛ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﺳﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺗﺎﻣﻴــﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻞ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻪﻓﻌــﺎﻝ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧــﺪ‪ .‬ﺁﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﺎﻟﻘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻋﻀﻮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﻌــﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴــﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﻃــﺮﻑ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺎﻻﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻧﺮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﭘﻴﺸــﻴﻦ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺳــﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺷﺪﺕ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻣﻰﺷــﺪ؛ ﭼﺮﺍﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﻻﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﻧﺮﺥ ﺗﻮﺭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻴﻤﺖﻫﺎ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘــﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴــﻦ ﻛﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻮﻳﻰ ﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻧﻜﻰ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻻﻳﻞ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ‪ 16‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞﺩﺍﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻌﻄﻴــﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳــﺨﮕﻮﻳﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﮔﺎﻡ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫــﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻎ ﺑﻪﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﺩﺳــﺖ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺑﺮﺳــﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻎ ﺟﺰﻭ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻟﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻧﻚﻫﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺎﻟــﻎ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺼــﻰ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨــﺪ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﺪ ﺳﺮﻳﻊﺗﺮﻯ ﺭﺍ ﻃﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻇﻬــﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻜــﻪ ﺭﻭﺯﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻰ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 95‬ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﻴﺪ ﻧﻮﺭﻭﺯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺮﻭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﻻﻳﻰ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ؛ ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺸــﻜﻞﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﺷــﻮﻧﺪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺑﺮﮔﺸــﺘﻦ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺮﺧــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺷــﻐﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺷــﻌﺎﺭ »ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻭ ﻫــﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ« ﻓﺮﺻﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺷــﻐﻠﻰ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺴﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺴــﻨﺎ‪ ،‬ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻧــﻮﺭﺍﷲﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺷﻌﺎﺭ ﻫﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻳﻚ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻯ ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻃﺮﺡ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺳــﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎ ﻳﻚ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫــﺮ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻘﺶ ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧــﻪ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻳﻔﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺁﻧﻜﻪ ﺑﺘﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﺪﻫﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺒﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺷــﻜﻞ ﺯﻧﺠﻴﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺷﺒﻜﻪﺍﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺻﻨــﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺎﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ‪ ،‬ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﻣﻴــﺪﻭﺍﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ :‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻻﻳﺤــﻪ ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ‪1/5‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴــﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺑــﻊ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻰ ﻭ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﻮﺭﺍﷲﺯﺍﺩﻩ ﺩﺭﻋﻴﻦﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﺼــﺎﺹ ‪4000‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﻯ ﻳﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻋﺘﺒــﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻧﻖ ﻛﺴــﺐﻭﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﻭ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ‪ 600‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺧﺮﺩ ﻣﺤﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺳﺘﺎﻯ ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﻧﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺳﺘﺎﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﻤﻨﺪﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻃﺮﺡﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﺰﺍﻳﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺁﻥ ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻼﺕ ﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪﻭﺍﺭﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺎ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺪﻓﮕﺬﺍﺭﻯ ‪ 900‬ﺻﻨﺪﻭﻕ ﺑﺮﺳﻴﻢ‪.‬‬
‫‪7‬‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫‪15‬‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺶ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﺟﺰﺍﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻻﻳــﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻠــﻰ‪ :‬ﺍﺯ ﭘﻠﻰﻭﻳﻠﻴــﻦ ﻛﻠﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﺧﺎﻟﺺ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺕ ﻭ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﻭ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺎﻑ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺷــﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﭼﮕﺎﻟﻰ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ )ﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﻣﻌﺪﻧﻰ ﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰ ﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻦ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺱ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻗﺴــﻤﺖ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﻳﻘــﻰ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺬﺏ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨــﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﺪﻧــﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻋﺒــﻮﺭ ﻧﻜﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺳﺒﻜﻰ ﻭﺯﻥ‪ ،‬ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ‪ :‬ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻻﻳﻪ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻭ ﺑــﺎ ﺧﺎﺻﻴﺖ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺴﻦ ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻰ‬ ‫‪economy@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻰ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺿﺮﺑــﻪ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺰﻳﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺭﺱﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﻰﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺣﺪﺍﻗﻞ ﻳﻜﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﻌــﺎﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﺭﺯﺍﻧﻰ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺳــﺘﺮﺱ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺻﻔﺤﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﻮﭼﻚ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻣﻨﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 1‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫‪ 100‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﺘﺮ ﻗﻄﺮ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺭﺱﻫﺎ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭﺷــﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻜﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻭﻝ ﺑﺎﻻ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﺕ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ ﻭ ﺟﺬﺏ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻞ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻨــﺪ ﭘﻠﻰﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻦ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻧــﻮﺭﺱ ﺩﺭ ﻳﻚ ﺣﻼﻝ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺨﻴــﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺣــﻼﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺭﺱ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺧــﻮﺍﺹ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖﻫــﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺤــﻮﻩ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳــﺖ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺻــﺪ ﺍﺟــﺰﺍﻯ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺴــﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻧــﻮﺭﺱ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳــﺖ ﻳــﺎ ﻣﻴﻜﺮﻭﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖ ﺑــﺎ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻣــﺎ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫــﺎ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖ ﺁﻥ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪-1‬ﺭﻭﺵ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺴــﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺳــﺎﺯﻩ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ)ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ(‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺍﺭﺗﻌﺎﺵ ﻭ ﻟﺮﺯﺵ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻟﺮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺗﻌﺎﺵ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺯﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴــﻂ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪-2 .‬ﺭﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸــﺎﺭ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻮﻟﻜﻮﻝﻫــﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺍ ﻭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﺍﺭﻩ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ)ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻴﻢ(‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﺕ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻧﺎﺷــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳــﺎﻥ ﺁﺏ ﻭ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻮﻟﻜﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺟﺪﺍﺭﻩ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺳــﺎﺱ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭﺑــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺕ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴﻜﻮﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﻣﺠﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﺕ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴــﺎﺗﻰ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸــﻰ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜــﺮ ﻣﻘــﺪﺍﺭ ‪30‬‬ ‫ﺩﺳﻰﺑﻞ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺣﺪﺍﻛﺜﺮ‪ ،‬ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪ 18‬ﺩﺳــﻰ ﺑﻞ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﻄﺢ ‪ 6-17‬ﺩﺳــﻰﺑﻞ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ‬ ‫ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻰ ﻭ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﻻ‬‫ﺑﻪﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺿﺮﺑﻪﺍﻯ ﻭ ﺣﺮﺍﺭﺗﻰ‬ ‫ ﻛﺎﺭﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰ‬‫ ﺳــﺮﻋﺖ ﻭ ﺳﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻧﺼﺐ‬‫ﻭ ﺍﺟــﺮﺍ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺘﻴﺠــﻪ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫‪ -‬ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺳﻄﻮﺡ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺻﺎﻑ ﻭ ﺻﻴﻘﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻣﻨﺘﻔﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺴﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺁﺳــﺎﻥ ﻗﻄﻌﺎﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺴﺐ ﻳﺎ ﺟﻮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ ﺁﺏﺑﻨــﺪﻯ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷــﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ‬‫ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻟﺮﺯﺵ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺨﺮﺏ‬ ‫ ﺳــﺒﻜﻰ ﻭﺯﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻬﻮﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻤﻞﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﻴﺴﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻯ‬ ‫ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴــﺖ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﺎﻕ ﺑــﺎ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﻟﻮﻟــﻪ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺑﻰ ﻗﺪﻳﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻋــﻢ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻴﺎژﻯ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻔﺘﻤﻴــﻦ ﺟﺸــﻨﻮﺍﺭﻩ ﺑﺮﺗﺮﻳﻦﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ ،1390‬ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺭﺗﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺖ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪﻩ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ ﭼﻨﺪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﭘﻴﺸــﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺁﻟﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺳــﻮﺋﻴﺲ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﻧﺶﺑﻨﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺁﻣﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺭﻭﭘﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺳــﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﺭﻭﭘــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫــﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺻــﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺠﺘﻤــﻊ ﺧﻠﻴﺞﻓﺎﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﺷــﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﺑﻪﻓــﺮﺩ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻧﺘﻈﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺷﺪ ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﺻﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﺨﺖ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻳــﻚ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻗــﺪﺍﻡ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧــﻮﺍﻉ ﻟﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫)ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺨﺘﻰ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﺑﻪﻓﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻭﻳــﮋﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿــﻼﺏ ﺑــﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣــﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﮕــﺮ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼــﻮﻝ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺨﻠﻴــﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﺁﺑﺮﺳــﺎﻧﻰ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸــﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﻨﻌﺘــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺨﺎﺑﺮﺍﺗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﺍﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺰﻫﺎﻯ ‪ 20‬ﺗﺎ ‪ 250‬ﻣﻴﻠﻰﻣﺘﺮﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻰﻭﻳﻨﻴــﻞ ﻛﻠﺮﺍﻳــﺪ )ﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﭘﻠﻴﻤــﺮ‬ ‫ﺳــﻨﺘﺰﻯ ﺭﺍﻳﺞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻠﻰﺍﺗﻴﻠﻦ)ﭘــﻰﺍﻯ( ﻭ ﭘﻠﻰﭘﺮﻭﭘﻴﻠﻦ‬ ‫)ﭘﻰﭘﻰ( ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ PVC .‬ﻳﻚ ﭘﻼﺳــﺘﻴﻚ ﺳﺒﻚ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻜﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﺩ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺑــﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻛــﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﺴــﺎﻳﺰﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣــﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﺮﻡﺗﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺍﻧﻌﻄﺎﻑﺗﺮ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﮔﺮ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﺴﺎﻳﺰﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﻧﺸﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﭘﻠﻰﻭﻳﻨﻴﻞ ﻛﻠﺮﺍﻳﺪ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﺴــﺎﻳﺰ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ ‫))ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳﻰ(( ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫)ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣــﺖ ﺷــﻴﻤﻴﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ﺩﻣﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻳﻚ ﮔﺴــﺘﺮﻩ ﻭﺳﻴﻊ ﺍﺯ ﻓﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺎﺗــﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻟﻴــﻞ ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻰﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﺤﻜﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣــﺪﺕ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺨﺘﻰ ﺑــﺎﻻ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺮﻭﻥﺑﻪﺻﺮﻓــﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺴــﺘﻢﻫﺎﻯ )ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺨــﺶ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﻭ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﺎﺑﻞﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻜﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺨﺘﻰ‬ ‫)ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳﻰ( ﺭﺍ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻣﻰﺑﺨﺸﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﺧــﻮﺍﺹ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﺰﺍﻳﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑــﻪ ﺍﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻟــﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴــﺖ ﻣﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑــﻞ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻟﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫)ﻳﻮﭘﻰﻭﻯﺳــﻰ( ﺳــﺨﺖ ﺣﺎﻭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺩﺭ ﺁﺫﺭ ‪1395‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻴــﺰﺍﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ‪ PVC‬ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻭﺳــﻴﻠﻪ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺣــﺎﻝ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ‬ ‫‪ 2200‬ﺗﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻣﺮﻩ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻮﺍﻣﻞ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺤﺴــﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﺍﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻭ ﭘﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﭘﺘﺮﻭﺷﻴﻤﻰ ﺗﺒﺮﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷــﻤﻨﺪ ﺑﺴــﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻨﺠﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺼــﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺷــﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻰ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺎﺟﻰ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻛﺸﺎﻭﺭﺯﻯ ﻭ ﭘﺰﺷﻜﻰ ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺍ ِﻥ ﻛﭙﺴﻮﻝﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫)‪ ،(PCMs‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨــﻮﺍﻥ ﻳــﻚ ﻣﻨﺒــﻊ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭘﺎﻙ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﺘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﺎﺯﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺩﻯ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨــﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻳﺠﺎﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻓــﺎﺯ‪ ،‬ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺟﺬﺏ‪ ،‬ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺩﻓﻊ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣــﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴــﺮ ﻓﺎﺯﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ)‪ (PCMs‬ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺳــﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌــﺖ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺑﺮﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻫﺪﻑ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻤﻨﺪ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﺎﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻧﺴــﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻓﺎﺯﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺴــﺘﻰ ﺳﻨﺘﺰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻯ ﺍﻥﻛﭙﺴﻮﻟﻪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮﺩ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺶ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥﻫــﺎﻯ ﺗﺮﻣﻮﮔﺮﺍﻑ ﻧﺸــﺎﻥﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳــﺎﺯﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺎﺭﮔﻴــﺮﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﺍﻧﻪ ﺗــﺎ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ‪20‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮﻳﻰ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻳﺪﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺳــﻨﺘﺰ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺁﺯﻣﻮﻥﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﻥﻛﭙﺴﻮﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻨﺘﺰﻯ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻯ ﻣﻮﺭﻓﻮﻟﻮژﻯ ﻫﺴﺘﻪ – ﭘﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻛﺮﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺷــﻜﻞ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﺫﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﻚ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﺧﻴﺮﻩﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﻥ ﻛﭙﺴﻮﻝﻫﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺪ ‪ 68‬ﻛﻴﻠﻮژﻭﻝ ﺑﺮ ﻛﻴﻠﻮﮔﺮﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺯﻥ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧــﺎﺕ ﻭ ﮔﻴﺎﻫــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌــﺮﺽ ﺧﻄﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻴﺸــﺘﺮﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﮕﻴﺮﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﺁﻧﺠﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﺑﺶ ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺩﻳﻜﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﺍﺭﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﻃﻮﻻﻧﻰﻣﺪﺕ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺑﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺳــﻼﻣﺖ ﭘﻮﺳــﺖ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﻴﺮﻯ ﺯﻭﺩﺭﺱ‪ ،‬ﺁﺳــﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ژﻧﺘﻴﻜــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻗﺮﻣــﺰ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﭘﻮﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﺁﻛﻨــﻪ ﻭ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺳــﺮﻃﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳــﺖ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪.‬ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ ﺳــﺘﺎﺩ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ﻭ ﻓﻨﻮﻥ ﻫﺴﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﻜﺎﺭﻯ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸﮕﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﻩﺟﻨﻮﺑﻰ ﻣﻮﻓﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﺎﺫﺏ ﺍﻣﻮﺍﺝ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺷﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺐ ﺭﻧﮓﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﭘﻮﺷــﺶﻫﺎ ﻭ ﭘﻼﺳﺘﻴﻚﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳــﺖ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﺁﻧﻬــﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻳﻚ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔــﺶ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺭﻫﺎ ﺷــﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﻻﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺭﻳﺰﺳــﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﻻﻳﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺩﺍﺭﺍ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻓﻴﺖ ﻻﺯﻡ‪ ،‬ﺍﺷــﻌﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﺟﺬﺏ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﻓﻴﻠﻢﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻳــﻰ ﺍﻧﺤﺮﺍﻑ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﺖ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻣﺎ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘــﺮﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺑــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺗﻮﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﺏ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪«.‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﭘﻮﺷﺸﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺛﺮﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﺤﻮ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻥﺑــﻰﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳــﺰ )‪NBD‬‬ ‫‪ (Nanotechnologies‬ﺑــﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﭘﻮﺷﺸــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿــﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﺸــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺯ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺣﻔﻆ ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻰ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻔﻴﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺪ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻥﺑــﻰﺩﻯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﺰ )‪NBD‬‬ ‫‪ (Nanotechnologies‬ﺩﺭ ﺣــﻮﺯﻩ ﺳــﻄﻮﺡ ﺗﺮﺷــﻮﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺷﻴﺸﻪ ﻭ ﻓﻠﺰ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﻧﮕﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﻮﺷــﺶ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ‪InvisiPrint‬‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﺕ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑــﻪ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﭘﺘﻨﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﻛﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻﺕ ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻰ‪،‬‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﺁﺷﭙﺰﺧﺎﻧﻪ‪ ،‬ﺣﻤﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷــﺶﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺁﻥ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻴﺎﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻜﺎﻥﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮﻣﻮﺛﺮﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰﺑﻪﻛﻤﻚﻧﺎﻧﻮﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺸــﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﺎﺯﻧﺪﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺮﻩﮔﻴﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﻤﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﻢ ﺑﻨﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﺍﺯﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﭘﻞﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﺳﺪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ ﭼﺎﻩﻫــﺎﻯ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫــﺶ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﺸــﮕﺎﻫﻰ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺯ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺱ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻓﺎﺯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻗــﺮﺍﺭ ﻣﻰﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻭ ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻪ ﺷــﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑــﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺟﻠﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﮋﻭﻫﺶ ﭘﻮﺩﺭ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪/‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻨﻈﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺿﻤﻦ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﺎﺯﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺧﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺗــﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺎﺯﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺩﺭ ﻓﺮﺁﻳﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﻟﻴــﻪ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺑﻬﺮﻩ ﺑﺮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﻜﻰ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﮔﻠﺨﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻓــﺰﻭﺩﻥ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺐ ﺳــﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻭ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﻣﻮﺍﺩ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻧﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺳــﻰﺍﺱﺁﻯﺍﻯﺍﻝ )‪ (OCSiAl‬ﺍﺯ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﺘﺮﻳــﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺍﻧﺸــﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺎﻣﺒــﻮﺭگ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺷــﺮﻛﺖ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﭙﻮﺯﻳﺖﻫﺎ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺭﺳــﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﻓﻘﻴﺖ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﺪ ﺧﻮﺍﺹ ﺷﻜﻨﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﻭ ﺧﺴﺘﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫‪ OCSiAl‬ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻏﻠﻈﺖ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻛﻢ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩﻩ ‪ 0/01‬ﻭ ‪0/05‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺑﻨــﻰ ‪ Tuball‬ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻛــﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪Tuball .‬‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺗﻚ ﺟﺪﺍﺭﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫‪ OCSiAl‬ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﻭژﻩ ﺍﭘﻮﻛﺴــﻰﻫﺎﻯ ﺁﻏﺸﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺫﻭﺏ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪﺍﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺩﺳﺖﻧﺨﻮﺭﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ‪0/05‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻭﺯﻧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻧﻮﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻛﺮﺑﻨﻰ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ‪ ،‬ﻣﺘﻮﺭﻕ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭘﻠﻴﻤﺮﻫﺎ ﺗﺎ ‪19‬ﺩﺭﺻﺪ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻣﻰﻳﺎﺑﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﺟﻬﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺖﻭﺑﻬﻴﻨﻪﺳﺎﺯﻯﭘﻮﺷﺶﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆﺩﺭﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮﺍﺷﻌﻪﻓﺮﺍﺑﻨﻔﺶ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔــﻰ ﻣــﺪﺭﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺸــﺮ ﺑﺎﻋــﺚ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣــﺪﻥ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻛــﻪ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻰ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ ﻳﻜــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﻛﻮﭼﻚﺷــﺪﻥ ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺯﻳﺴﺘﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺷــﻬﺮﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﻭ ﺍﺳــﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺼﺎﻟﺢ ﺳــﺒﻚ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺑــﺎﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺑﻪﻭﺟﻮﺩﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻯ ﺷــﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈــﻮﺭ ﻛﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﺤﻴــﻂ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ ﺍﻧﺴــﺎﻥﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻮﺍﻣﻊ ﻣﺪﺭﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﻭ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻴﺴــﺎﺗﻰ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻣﺜﻞ ﻓﻦﻫﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﻳﻞ ﺳــﻘﻔﻰ ﻭ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ ﺳــﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻡ ﻭ ﺳﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻛﺸﻰ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﻣــﻞ ﻣﻮﺛﺮ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﺪﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮﺍﻳﻦ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻭﺳــﺎﻳﻞ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺳــﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭﺩﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﻮﻟﻴــﺪ ﺻﺪﺍ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺣــﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴــﺰﺍﺕ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺗﺠﻬﻴﺰﺍﺕ ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻪﻋﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺑﻪﺻــﻮﺭﺕ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺪﻓﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺩﺍﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻣﺴــﻜﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻪﻛﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺩﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻤــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺻﻮﺕ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺍﺳــﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺑﻰﺻﺪﺍ‪ ،‬ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﻣﺘﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻟﻮﺍﺯﻡ ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭﺻﺪﺍﻯ ﻧﺎﺷﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﻭ ﺁﺏ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳــﺎﻣﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﺳﻪ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺯ ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧــﻮ ﻭ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺻــﺪﺍﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻞ ﺳــﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺍﻧﺸﻌﺎﺏﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪1395‬‬ ‫‪ 5‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪1438‬‬ ‫‪ 4‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪2017‬‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪725‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬
‫ﺷﻨﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ ﺍﺧﻼﻕ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻯ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭﻯ ﺩﺭ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺻﻤﺖ‪www.smtnews.ir/about.html :‬‬ ‫‪ 14‬ﺍﺳﻔﻨﺪ ‪ 5 - 1395‬ﺟﻤﺎﺩﻯﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻰ ‪ 4- 1438‬ﻣﺎﺭﺱ ‪ - 2017‬ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ -725‬ﭘﻴﺎﭘﻰ ‪2043‬‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﻣﻄﺒﻮﻋﺎﺗﻰ )‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﻧﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻤﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺋﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ‪ :‬ﺧﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮﻛﻞ‪ :‬ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ﺩﻫﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫(‬ ‫ﻓﻨﻰ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻧﺠﻔﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪ :‬ﻓﺎﻃﻤﻪ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺮﺩﺍﺩ ﺑﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﻤﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺍﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻨﺎﻭﺭﻯ‪ :‬ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﻰ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﭼﺎپ‪ :‬ﺑﻴﮋﻥ ﺑﻬﺎﺩﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‪ :‬ﺣﻤﻴﺪ ﺭﺟﺒﻰ‬ ‫‪instagram.com/smtnewspaper‬‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮﻳﻪ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﺍﺳﺤﺎﻗﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﻣﻠﻴﺤﻪ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻩﭘﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻥ‪ :‬ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻃﻖ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭﺁﻓﺮﻳﻨﻰ ‪ :‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻌﻴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻳﺶ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﺷﻴﺮﺍﺯﻯ‬ ‫‪telegram.me/smtnews‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ‪ - 82190 :‬ﻓﻜﺲ‪88713730 :‬‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻚ‪ -300082190 :‬ﭘﻴﺎﻣﮕﻴﺮ ﺻﻮﺗﻰ‪88105304 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻔﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰﻫﺎ‪88722732-3 :‬‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺁﮔﻬﻰ ﻫﺎ‪88109733 :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻴﻦ‪88722735 :‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪88105309 :‬‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪88724211 :‬‬ ‫‪info@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻧﺸـﺎﻧﻰ‪ :‬ﺗﻬـﺮﺍﻥ‪ ،‬ﺧﻴﺎﺑـﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺋـﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﺎﻧـﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﭼﻪ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﮔﺎﻥ ﺷﻤﺎﺭﻩ ‪ -26‬ﻛﺪ ﭘﺴﺘﻰ ‪1586733811‬‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﺑﻂ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻰ‪pr@smtnews.ir:‬‬ ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻰ‪ads@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥﻫﺎ‪ostanha@smtnews.ir :‬‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪ‪ :‬ﺷﺮﻛﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺭﻭﺍﻕ ﺭﻭﺷﻦﻣﻬﺮ ‪64097‬‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﺑﺎ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ‬ ‫‪www.smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ‪ 63‬ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪1‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪2‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ‪ 227‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧـﺎﻣـﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﺭﺗﺒﻪ ‪18‬‬ ‫‪Art@smtnews.ir‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺩﻭﺳﻰ‪» :‬ﺳﺨﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﺸﺎﻥ ﻳﻚﺑﻪﻳﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‪ //‬ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ ﺑﺮﻣﺎ‪ ،‬ﺑﺪ ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ«‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﺷﺪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻜﺲ ﻫﺎ‪ :‬ﻣﻬﺪﻯ ﻛﺎﻭﻩﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻌﻴﻤﻰ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﻣﻠﻰ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺮ ﺭﻭﺯ ﺳﻪﺷﻨﺒﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺖ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ ﺑﺎ ﻫﺪﻑ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻗﺸﺮ ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻛﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻪ ﺳــﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰﺍﻣﻴــﺮﻯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷــﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺗﺸــﻜﻴﻞ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﻓﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻯ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺸــﺎﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﻏﺪﻏﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻴﺎﻳﺪ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺁﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻫﺮ ﻣﺎﻩ ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻳﺎﺯﺩﻫﻢ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﮕﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ‪ 3‬ﭘﻨــﻞ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﻭﻳــﻦ »ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ«‪» ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨــﮓ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺘﻤــﺎﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ«‬ ‫ﻭ »ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨــﮓ« ﺑﺮﮔــﺰﺍﺭ ﺷــﺪ؛ ﻣﺴــﻌﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﻠــﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺤــﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤــﻰ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻌــﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬــﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴــﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﻰ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ‪ ،‬ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺷــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ ﻧﺸﺴــﺘﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻧﻜﺘﻪ ﺟﺎﻟــﺐ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ‪ 3‬ﭘﻨﻞ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﺷــﺘﻦ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻬﻢﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﻗﺸﺎﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﭘﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﭘﻨﻞﻫﺎﻯ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮ‪ ،‬ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻜﺲ ﺭﺍ ﻳﻚ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﺕ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮔﺰﺍﺭﺵ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﺳــﻴﺪﺭﺿﺎ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰﺍﻣﻴﺮﻯ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺳــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﺻﺤــﺎﺏ ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸــﻪ‪ ،‬ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮ ﻭ ﺭﺳــﺎﻧﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻤﺎﻧﻄﻮﺭ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﻭﺩﻡ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳــﻼﻣﻰ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔــﻮ‪ ،‬ﺗﺤﻤﻞ‪ ،‬ﻣــﺪﺍﺭﺍ‪ ،‬ﻧﻘﺪﭘﺬﻳــﺮﻯ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭﻙ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻫﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﻴﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﺷــﺘﺮﺍﻙ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﭼﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‪ ،‬ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﺭ ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺎﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺣﻀــﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺒﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺸــﺐ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﺩ ﺁﻣﺪﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻧﻤﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﮔﻮﻳﺎﻳﻰ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻝ ﭘﻴــﺎﻡ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻋﻜﺲ ﺑﺎﺷــﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺟﺎﻯ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺧﻼﻗﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺻﻮﻟﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﺎ ﭘﻴﺎﻡﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺍ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﻫﻴﻢ‪ ،‬ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﺴــﻴﺮ ﺑــﺮﺍﻯ ﺗﺪﺍﻭﻡ ﺣﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖﻭﮔﻮﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻧﺨﺴــﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼــﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﺍﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻥﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﺑــﺎ ﻣﻮﺿــﻮﻉ »ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼــﺎﺩ« ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺴــﻮﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﻞ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺳــﻬﻢ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻤﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﻭ ﺣﻔﻆ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺪﺍﺭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻫﺪﺍﻯ ﺟﻮﺍﻳﺰ ﺍﺳﻜﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺩﺏ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺍﺣﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﻘﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﭼﺎﭘﺨﺎﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭﺍﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺮﺍﺷﻴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﻮﺩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ‪14‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﻭﺩ ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎﻯ ﭼﺎﭘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﺍﻝ ﻣﻄﺮﺡ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻢ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭼﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﺘﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ .‬ﺁﻳﺎ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ ﭼﺎپ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﺭﺷﺪ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﺴــﻌﻮﺩ ﻧﻴﻠﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺸــﺎﻭﺭ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻫــﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻳﻰ ﺷﺎﻫﺴﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﻘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺎﻣﻌــﻪ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻯﻫــﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺩﻳﺪﻩ ﻣﻰﺷــﻮﺩ‪ ،‬ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺍﻫﺎﻟﻰ ﻣﺤﺘﺮﻡ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺁﺛــﺎﺭ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﺪ ﺧﻴﻠﻰ ﺧﻮﺏ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻴﺪ ﺭﻳﺸــﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻫﻨﺠﺎﺭﻯﻫﺎ ﻛﺠﺎﺳــﺖ؟ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺮ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ‪91‬‬ ‫ﻭ ‪ 92‬ﺍﺯ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻬﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪﺍﻯ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺩﺭﺁﻣﺪ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺻﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﻧﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ‪24‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺩﻻﺭ ﺷﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﻭ ﺍﺭﻗﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻝﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺧﻴﺮ‪ ،‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺪﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﻝ ﻧﻔﺘﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻫﺶ ﻗﻴﻤﺖ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷﺪﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸﻮﺭ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﻛﻤﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻮﭼﻬﺮ ﺷﺎﻫﺴــﻮﺍﺭﻯ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻧﻴــﺰ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻧﻴﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺷــﺪﻡ ﻭ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﺑﻜﺸﻢ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻝ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪﻯ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭼﻮﻥ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺎ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﻭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥﺑﻴﻨﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻯ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﺣﻞﻛﻨﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﺸــﻜﻼﺕ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑــﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﺍﺯ ﺣﻞ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻫﻴﭻ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺩﻳﮕﺮﻯ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻧــﺪﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻭﺭﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻭ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺧﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺁﻥ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﻧﺴﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻣﺰﻳﺖﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺍﺩﺍﻣــﻪ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺯﺍﻯ ﺧﻮﺩﻣﺎﻥ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺭﺯﺵﻫــﺎﻯ ﺫﺍﺗﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨــﺮ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺷــﺪﺕ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﺍﻫﺎﻟــﻰ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﺁﺩﻡﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺰﺋﻴﻨﻰ ﻫﺴــﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﭼﻪ ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻻﺯﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻣﺎﺭﻯ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻤﺎ ﺍﻋﻼﻡ ﻛﻨﻢ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪،92‬‬ ‫‪31‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪55 ،93‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪،94‬‬ ‫‪75‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣــﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻟﺤﻈﻪ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ‪ 95‬ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯ ‪160‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻋﺒﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻣﺎﺭ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﻭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺳﺎﻟﻦﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺩﺭﻭﻥﺯﺍ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺑﺴــﻴﺎﺭ ﭼﺸــﻤﮕﻴﺮﻯ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﻮﺩ‪ .‬ﺗﺎ ﺁﻧﺠــﺎ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﺩﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﻮﺍﻧﻊ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ‪250‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﻣﺎﻟﻰ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﭘﺲ ﻣﻰﺑﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺁﻧﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺑﺰﺭگ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ ﺍﺷــﺘﻐﺎﻝ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﺎ ﻣﺘﻜﻰ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﺎﻯ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻏﻔﻠﺖ ﻛﺮﺩﻳﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‪ ،‬ﭘﻨﻠﻰ ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ »ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﻭ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ« ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﻰ‪ ،‬ﻣﺤﻤــﻮﺩ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷــﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻬﺮﻭﺯ ﻏﺮﻳﺐﭘﻮﺭ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺑﻬــﺮﻭﺯ ﻏﺮﻳﺐﭘﻮﺭ ﺑﺎ ﻧﻘــﻞ ﺧﺎﻃﺮﻩﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺳﺎﻝ ‪ 1977‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻰ ﺑﻮﺩﻡ‪ ،‬ﺩﻳﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺳﻮﻟﻴﺴــﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻧﻮﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﻧﻮ ﺍﺳــﺖ‪ .‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻣﻰﻧﻮﺍﺧﺖ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺘﺎﺳــﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻣﺸــﻐﻠﻪ ﻛﺎﺭﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻪﺍﻡ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﺗﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﭘﻴﺎﻧﻮ ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻜﺮﺩﻩﺍﻡ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ )ﻏﺮﻳﺐﭘﻮﺭ( ﺗﺎﺯﻩ ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﺵ ﻭ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺍﻳﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ!‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺭﺗﻮﻥ ﺭﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻔﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‪ :‬ﺣﺴﻴﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﺰﺍﺩﻩ‪ ،‬ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻯ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑــﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻤﺎﻳــﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻧﻤﻰﺩﺍﻧــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺳﺎﺯ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﺪ ﻭ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺴــﻰ ﺁﻭﺍﺯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪ! ﻛﺪﺍﻣﺘﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻛﺴﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﻛﻨﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﻪ ﮔﺎﻟﺮﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻴﺪ!؟‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﮔــﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﺌﺎﺗــﺮ ﻭ ﻋﻀــﻮ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳــﻪ ﺑﻴﻦﺍﻟﻤﻠﻠــﻰ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻭﺳﻜﻰ ﺳــﭙﺲ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻘﺎﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻰ ﺩﺭﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ‪ 8‬ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺪ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﺴﺎﻧﻰ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺩﻋﺎﻳﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺫﻫﻦ ﺍﻫﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﻫﺎﻯ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ‬ ‫ﻭ ﻫﻨﺮﻯ ﺳﺮ ﻣﻰﺯﻧﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻰﺭﻭﻧﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﭘﻨﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﻮﺩ ﺁﻣــﻮﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﻧﺎﺷــﺮﺍﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻔﺮﻭﺷﺎﻥ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻋﻢ ﺍﻭ‬ ‫ﻧﻪﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻫﻤﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺳﺮﻣﺸــﻖ‬ ‫ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ ﺑﺎﺷــﺪ‪ ،‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﻳﻠﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰ ﺑﭙﺮﺳﻢ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺟﺮﺍﻯ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﭼﻘﺪﺭ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪﺭﻳﺰﻯ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﺑﻮﺩ؟ ﻭ ﭼﻘــﺪﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﻚ ﺑﻮﺩ؟‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﻝ‪ ،‬ﺻﺎﻟﺤﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻳﻜﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﺮﻙﻫﺎﻯ ﻫﺮ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪﻃﻮﺭ ﻗﻄﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‪ ،‬ﭼﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺩﻯ ﭼﻪ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻰ ﻭ ﺍﮔﺮ ﻧﺒﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺮﻛﺖ ﻣﻰﺍﻳﺴﺘﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺍﻧــﺮژﻯ ﺍﺗﻤﻰ ﮔﻔــﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻧﻤﻰﺭﺳﺪ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﻭ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﺑﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻧﺒﻮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻢ ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﻰﺷــﺪﻧﺪ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺘﻰ ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﺍﺕ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳــﻴﺪ‪ ،‬ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺍﺣﺴــﺎﺱ ﻏﺮﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻡ ﻛﻪ ﭼﻄﻮﺭ ﻳــﻚ ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻟﺸﮕﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻪ ﺑﺎ ﭘﺸﺘﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻠﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻭﻥ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺑــﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒﺧﻮﺍﻧﻰﻫــﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﺑﻄﻪ ﺑﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﭘﺎﺳــﺦ ﺩﺍﺩ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻋــﺪﻩﺍﻯ ﻣﻰﺧﻮﺍﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺟــﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﻧﺎﻓﺮﺟﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﻩ ﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺪﺍﻡ ﻣﻰﭘﺮﺳــﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺟﺎﻡ ﭼﻪ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ؟ ﻳﻚ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺁﻥ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﻔﺖ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﻪﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻋﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺭﺳــﺪ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻟﺶ ﻫــﻢ ﻣﻰﺁﻳﺪ‪ .‬ﻣﻰﮔﻮﻳﻨــﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺁﻥ ﺯﻣــﺎﻥ ‪20‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻳﻔﻴﻮژ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ‪ .‬ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻳﻦ ﭼﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻰ ﺍﺳــﺖ!؟‬ ‫‪10‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﺎﻧﺘﺮﻳﻔﻴﻮژﻯ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺍﺷــﺘﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﺳــﻤﻰ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻭ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺷــﺪﻩ ﻧﻤﻰﻛﺮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ ﺍﻛﻨﻮﻥ ‪6‬ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺳﺎﻧﺘﺮﻳﻔﻴﻮژ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻭﺭﺍﻧﻴﻮﻡ ﻏﻨﻰ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻭ ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺻﺎﺩﺭ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻳﺐﭘــﻮﺭ ﺧﻄﺎﺏ ﺑــﻪ ﻋﻠﻰﺍﻛﺒﺮ ﺻﺎﻟﺤــﻰ ﻭ ﺳــﺎﻳﺮ ﺍﻋﻀﺎﻯ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﻛﺮﻩﻛﻨﻨــﺪﻩ ﻫﺴــﺘﻪﺍﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﻣﺎ ﻗــﺪﺭ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺭﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻧﻮﺷــﻪ ﺍﻧﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭ ﻓﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﻧــﺎﺩﺭﻯ ﻭ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺻﺤﻨﻪ ﻧﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺭ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻢ ﺍﺳــﻜﺎﺭ ﻳﻌﻨﻰ ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺩﻳﭙﻠﻤﺎﺳﻰ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﻴﻢ‪ .‬ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭﮔﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﻛﻴﺎﺭﺳﺘﻤﻰ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﮔﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺳــﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻰ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﻓﺘﺨﺎﺭ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﺍﻣﻰ ﺩﺍﺷــﺖ ﻭ ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺍﺯ ﻛﻴﻬﺎﻥ ﻛﻠﻬﺮ ﻛــﻪ ﺑﻪﺗﺎﺯﮔﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﺰﻩ ﻣﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﮔﺮﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﻮﺳــﻴﻘﻰ ﺭﺍ ﻛﺴــﺐ ﻛﺮﺩﻩ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻜﻰ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻛﺮﺩ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺟﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺑﺎ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ ﻭ ﺟﻤﻌــﻰ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻻﺭ ﻭﺣﺪﺕ ﺗﻬﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭ ﺷﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﻯ ﺳــﻮﻣﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺼﺼﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ ﺑــﻪ ﺳــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ ﺭﻳﻴﺲﺟﻤﻬﻮﺭﻯ ﻛﺸــﻮﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺎﻝ ‪ 2016‬ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺁﻗﺎﻯ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳــﻦ ﻛﻨﻔﺮﺍﻧﺲ ﭘﻴﺮﺍﻣــﻮﻥ ﭘﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﺟﻬــﺎﻥ ﮔﺮﻣﺎﻳﻰ ﺳــﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸــﺎﻧﻰ ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﺧــﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﻋﻼﻭﻩ ﺑﺮ ﺩﻭﻟــﺖ ﺗﺪﺑﻴﺮ ﻭ ﺍﻣﻴﺪ‪،‬‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴﺖ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪﻧﺪ؛ ﺣﺎﻝ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ ﺭﻫﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ ﺍﻧﻘﻼﺏ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﺍﺑﻼﻍ ﻣﻰﺷﻮﺩ ﻭﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﭽﻨــﺎﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺘﻰ ﺑﻪ ﺳــﺮ ﻣﻰﺑﺮﻳﻢ‪ .‬ﻣﻦ ﺳــﻮﺍﻟﻢ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﺳــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﻛــﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﺯﻳــﺮﺍﻥ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻫﻢﻧﻈﺮ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﺪ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺷــﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻳﺠــﺎﺩ ﺑﺮﺧﻰ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ؟‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻐﺮ ﻫﻤﺖ‪ ،‬ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻋﺎﻣــﻞ ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺌﺎﺗﺮ ﻫــﻢ ﺩﺭ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺻﺤﺒﺖﻫﺎﻯ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪﻯ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺑﻨﺪﻩ ﺳــﺎﻝ ﮔﺬﺷــﺘﻪ ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ ﺧﺎﻧــﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻰ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﺪﻡ ﻛﻪ ﻣﺤﺘﻮﺍﻯ ﺁﻥ ﺑــﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ ﺑﻮﺩ ﻛﻪ ﺷــﻤﺎ ﺑﻪﻋﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮﻣﻨﺪ ﭼﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﺩﺍﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ ﻣﻰﺩﺍﻧﺪ ﻣﻦ ﭼﻪ ﭘﻴﺸــﻨﻬﺎﺩﻯ ﺩﺍﺭﻡ ﺍﻣــﺎ ﻧﻤﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﺪ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺍﺟﺮﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﻜﺎﺭ‪ ،‬ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺳــﺎﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺖ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ ﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺗﺸﻜﺮ ﺍﺯ ﻭﺯﻳﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻭ ﺍﺭﺷﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﻼﻣﻰ ﺩﺭ ﺑﺮﮔﺰﺍﺭﻯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺁﻗﺎﻳــﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩﻯ ﻭ ﻫﻤــﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﺍﺷــﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑــﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺗﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﮔﻔﺖ ﺗﻮﺳــﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺖ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﺿــﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯﻩ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻳﻰ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﻣﺮﻭﺯ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﻧﻴﺎﻥ ﺳــﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭ ﻧﻴﺴــﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺳﺎﺯﮔﺎﺭﻯ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻭﻟﺖ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸــﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻡ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻣﻰﮔﺮﺩﺩ‪ .‬ﻣﺎ ﺍﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻭﺷــﻨﻰ ﻣﻰﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺍﺭﺩﻯ ﭼــﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺁﺏ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺍﻧﺮژﻯ ﻭ ﺍﻟﮕﻮﻯ ﻣﺼﺮﻑ ﺳﻮﺧﺖ ﺑﺒﻴﻨﻴﻢ ﻛﻪ ﺍﻳﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚﻫﺎﻯ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻯ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺸﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﺭﻭﺑﻪﺭﻭ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﺎﺩ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪﻯ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻨﺎﻣﻪﻧﻮﻳﺲ ﺩﺭ ﺳــﺨﻨﺎﻧﻰ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻭﺭﺍﻥ ﺁﻧﺘﺮﻭﭘﻮﺋﻴﺴــﻢ ﻫﺴــﺘﻴﻢ ﮔﻔﺖ‪ :‬ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﻛﻪ‬ ‫‪ 6/4‬ﻣﻴﻠﻴﺎﺭﺩ ﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﻣﻰﮔﺬﺭﺩ‪ ،‬ﺍﻣﺴﺎﻝ ﻛﺎﺭﻫﺎﻯ ﺗﺨﺮﻳﺒﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻭﻯ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﻣﻰﺩﻫﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎ ﻛﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻣﻰﻛﻨﺪ‪ .‬ﺑﺨــﺶ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﻯ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﺭ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻮﺯﻩ ﻣﺤﻴﻂﺯﻳﺴــﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭ ﺑﺨﺸﻰ ﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺩﺳــﺘﮕﺎﻩﻫﺎﻯ ﺍﺟﺮﺍﻳﻰ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻻﺯﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﻭﻟﺘﻤﺮﺩﺍﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻧﻨﺪ ﺑﻬﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ ﺳــﻮﺩﻣﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺍﻯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻭ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻜﻼﺕ ﺁﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻨﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ‪.‬‬

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